In Chapter 13 of Howard Zinn's "A People's History of the United States," the author discusses the various social movements and protests that took place during the Vietnam War era. This period, which stretched from the late 1950s to the early 1970s, was marked by widespread discontent and opposition to the war, as well as broader calls for social and political change.
One of the key themes of Chapter 13 is the role of young people in these social movements. Zinn argues that the Vietnam War era saw an explosion of youth activism, with young people taking the lead in organizing protests, sit-ins, and other forms of direct action. This was particularly true on college campuses, where students organized protests and strikes in opposition to the war and in support of civil rights and other social justice issues.
Another important theme of Chapter 13 is the role of the media in shaping public opinion about the war. Zinn argues that the media played a crucial role in shaping the narrative about the war, often presenting a biased and misleading view of what was happening on the ground in Vietnam. This contributed to the widespread disillusionment and outrage felt by many Americans, who saw the media as complicit in the ongoing conflict.
Finally, Chapter 13 also discusses the role of the government in responding to the social movements and protests of the Vietnam War era. Zinn describes how the government used various tactics, including surveillance, infiltration, and violence, to try and suppress the movements. This often led to violent clashes between protesters and law enforcement, further fueling the sense of outrage and discontent among young people and others who opposed the war.
Overall, Chapter 13 of "A People's History of the United States" provides a comprehensive overview of the social movements and protests that took place during the Vietnam War era. It highlights the crucial role played by young people in these movements, the influence of the media in shaping public opinion, and the ways in which the government tried to suppress the protests.
Howard zinn chapter 13
Socialist women were active in the feminist movement of the early 1900s. Some of these feminists married; some did not. The main reason for the U. Its editorial on the Ludlow Massacre began: "Somebody blundered. How does the price of a financial futures contract change as the market price of the security it represents changes? They jumped with their clothing ablaze. It explains the United States provision of slavery and how some people were misled on who ended slavery, how it was Abraham Lincoln and not John brown who was hung later in 1859 for his crimes.
He then took more Indian prisoners and put them onboard the Nina and Pinta, setting his course for the Azores and Spain. I would say both. According to Kate Richards O'Hare, the Socialist leader from Oklahoma, New York women socialists were superbly organized. Black leaders of the era, including Du Bois, worked together to assemble their own coalitions of activists. The government of the United States between 1901 and 1921, the Presidents were Theodore Roosevelt, William Howard Taft, Woodrow Wilson -whether Republican or Democrat-watched Negroes being lynched, observed murderous riots against blacks in Statesboro, Georgia, Brownsville, Texas, and Atlanta, Georgia, and did nothing.
It surely was a coincidence-the bombardment of Vera Cruz, the attack on the Ludlow colony. Of this number at least ten thousand were little children. . But the Socialist party continued to grow. . Sanger had written in Woman and the New Race: "No woman can call herself free who does not own and control her own body.
A People’s History of the United States Chapter 13: The Socialist Challenge Summary & Analysis
Percy Bysshe Shelley's "Mask of Anarchy. On the one hand, we are assailed by black men, who should be our natural protectors; and, whether in the cook kitchen, at the washtub, over the sewing machine, behind the baby carriage, or at the ironing board, we are but little more than pack horses, beasts of burden, slaves! The New York Times carried an editorial on the events in Colorado, which were now attracting international attention. As child bearers and their physical characteristics it was easy for men to argue that they had no role but to give birth and that they were weak and vulnerable. Some thousands of men, whose business it is to work with their hands, tramping and stealing rides, suffering hardships and facing dangers-to get into jail. A few men and women went with me. It is a foul plot; a damnable conspiracy; a hellish outrage.
. Faced with Progressive reform, Socialist leaders faced a dilemma: they could support Progressive reform, or they could denounce it for not going far enough. The gunmen hired by the Rockefeller interests-the Baldwin-Felts Detective Agency-using Gatling guns and rifles, raided the tent colonies. . In 1916, in Everett, Washington, a boatload of Wobblies was fired on by two hundred armed vigilantes gathered by the sheriff, and five Wobblies were shot to death, thirty-one wounded. What is the major theme in this chapter? No fresh drinking water.
As long as he's around I believe it myself. . This attitude toward labor, Hofstadter says, was "generally hostile," and he spoke of the "crude and ignorant minds" of the Populists. Every day a thousand new members joined the union, the International Ladies Garment Workers Union, which before this had few women. One way was Taylorism. Zinn conveys some of the ideological debate within the feminist movement, between those who thought that Socialism could solve problems of sexism, and those who believed that Socialism—a program of social equality—could only take root in America if there was gender reform first. In 1912, a news report: All along Fifth Avenue from Washington Square, where the parade formed, to 57th Street, where it disbanded, were gathered thousands of men and women of New York.
In New York City, the new immigrants went to work in the sweatshops. Publicly, the government claimed that it was trying to prevent the spread of Communism in Asia. In one four-year period, seventy-three Italians left New York for every one hundred that arrived. The members of a trades union should be taught. Undoubtedly, ordinary people benefited to some extent from these changes. As the twentieth century opened, that anger reemerged. They were forming the I.
Its main newspaper, Appeal to Reason, for which Debs wrote, had half a million subscribers, and there were many other Socialist newspapers around the country, so that, all together, perhaps a million people read the Socialist press. At the Triangle Shirtwaist Company, in the winter of 1909, women organized and decided to strike. The strikers had to supply food and fuel for 50,000 people the entire population of Lawrence was 86,000 ; soup kitchens were set up, and money began arriving from all over the country-from trade unions, IWW locals, socialist groups, individuals. Veterans of trade union struggles joined the suffrage movement, like Rose Schneiderman of the Garment Workers. The party at one time had 100,000 members, and 1,200 office holders in 340 municipalities.
What are the main ideas and key points of chapter 13: The Socialist Challenge in Howard Zinn's A People's History of the United States?
. . Among them, these three men and their financial associates occupied 341 directorships in 112 great corporations. Two of the vigilantes were killed, nineteen wounded. In this way it won better conditions for some workers, and left most workers out.
Therefore, they welcomed him with hospitality and gifts of gold. The poorer colonists begin to side with British government because of their dislike towards the upper class colonists. They traveled everywhere many were unemployed or migrant workers ; they organized, wrote, spoke, sang, spread their message and their spirit. Why did so many workers die on the job? He set the entire village on fire, making sure no one escaped. Its aim was to get better relations between capital and labor. When Cortés arrived on horseback, villagers and the king Montezuma believed he was the god Quetzalcoatl. In 1900, a man named Ralph Easley, a Republican and conservative, a schoolteacher and journalist, organized the National Civic Federation.