What were the effects of the reign of terror. The Reign of Terror: Causes, Purpose & Effects 2022-10-14

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The Reign of Terror, which occurred in France during the French Revolution, was a period of extreme violence and repression in which thousands of people were executed or imprisoned. This period, which lasted from 1793 to 1794, was characterized by the use of the guillotine to execute those who were seen as enemies of the revolution, as well as the widespread use of terror as a means of achieving political goals.

The Reign of Terror was instigated by the radical Jacobins, a political group that had come to dominate the National Convention, the revolutionary government of France. Led by Maximilien Robespierre, the Jacobins saw the Reign of Terror as a necessary measure to defend the revolution against its internal and external enemies. They believed that those who opposed the revolution or who were deemed counter-revolutionary were threats to the safety and security of the state, and thus needed to be eliminated.

One of the most significant effects of the Reign of Terror was the sheer number of people who were killed or imprisoned. During this period, thousands of people were executed by the guillotine, including many prominent figures such as King Louis XVI, Marie Antoinette, and Maximilien Robespierre himself. Many others were imprisoned or exiled, and the fear of being arrested or executed led to widespread terror and paranoia among the population.

Another major effect of the Reign of Terror was the way in which it disrupted the social and political fabric of France. The constant fear of arrest and execution made it difficult for people to trust each other, and many families and communities were torn apart by the violence of the period. The Reign of Terror also had a profound impact on the economy, as many businesses and farms were abandoned or destroyed due to the chaos and instability of the time.

Despite its many negative consequences, the Reign of Terror was also seen as a necessary step in the process of establishing a new, more democratic and egalitarian society in France. The Jacobins believed that their use of terror was justified by the need to defend the revolution against its enemies, and they saw themselves as acting in the best interests of the nation.

In conclusion, the Reign of Terror was a period of extreme violence and repression that had far-reaching consequences for France and its people. It resulted in the deaths of thousands of people and disrupted the social and political fabric of the country, but it was also seen as a necessary step in the process of establishing a new society based on the principles of liberty, equality, and fraternity.

Why was the reign of terror important to the French Revolution?

what were the effects of the reign of terror

Its purpose was to purge France of enemies of the Revolution and protect the country from foreign invaders. Upon walking into the assembly, Danton saw Robespierre engaged in an apparently friendly conversation with Camille Desmoulins. Liberty, Equality, Fraternity: Exploring the French Revolution. This dictatorial rule of the government had people killed with unfair trials. Violence and chaos were two of the main characteristics of the Revolution. After a bloody campaign, republic forces defeated the rebellion, resulting in around 200,000 deaths, New Republic opens in new tab reported. The Committee struggled to control the populace, and as the threat of invasion by the First Coalition grew, along with internal strife, so did the Committee's powers.

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Power Struggles in the Reign of Terror

what were the effects of the reign of terror

A conscripted army, which saved France from invasion by other countries, was meant to solidify the gains of the Revolution and to create a stable republic. L'exception politique de l'an II, Paris, Armand Colin, 2014, pp. This served as a justification for the violence of the Terror, necessary to unify France in the face of foreign threats. . Revolted by this injustice, the common people of France rebelled and fought for equality, giving birth to the French Revolution of 1789. What were some consequences of the Reign of Terror? Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. In Paris, most of those executed were nobles and upper middle class citizens, while throughout the rest of France, the majority of those executed were peasants and working Analyze the events or factors that you believe were the most significant causes of the Reign of Terror.

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What were the effects of the reign of terror?

what were the effects of the reign of terror

Portrait of Maximilien Robespierre, commons. Around 17,000 people were officially executed in France, including 2,639 in Paris. What were three results of the reign of terror? The Convention charges Robespierre and his allies with crimes against the Republic. The Terror came to an end only after Robespierre himself was sent to the guillotine. With the First Coalition now on the backfoot, this lowered the likelihood that France itself would be invaded. The power of the Committee of Public Safety increased following this unrest, with the National Convention giving it executive powers. Accessed 23 October 2018.

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Causes And Effects Of The Reign Of Terror

what were the effects of the reign of terror

A conscripted army, which saved France from invasion by other countries, was meant to solidify the gains of the Revolution and to create a stable republic. Today historians are more nuanced. A Deep-rooted Ideology as Well as Circumstance, p. Things got so heated that Danton had to step in, urging Desmoulins to accept Robespierre's critiques. Maximilien Robespierre was one of the main instigators of the Terror, and a leading politician in France's National Convention. The largest crowd to ever be assembled before a guillotine came out to watch HĂ©bert die, followed by Ronsin, Vincent, Anacharsis Cloots, and the others; "they died like cowards without balls" said one onlooker Schama, 816. The Reign of Terror, also called the Terror, was a period of state-sanctioned violence and mass executions during the French Revolution.


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Impact Of The Reign Of Terror On The French Revolution

what were the effects of the reign of terror

Who was in power during the Reign of Terror? The Committee's main role was to protect the Republic against foreign attacks and internal division. What were three results of the Reign of Terror? Robespierre insisted that Danton was in the pay of a foreign power, likely Great Britain. The French held a ceremony if you will, in Paris for the execution of King Louis XVI on January 21, 1793. Throughout the French Revolution, violence was used as a means to control counterrevolutionaries, the clergy, and any other citizen or person that might wish to bring down the Revolution. To make matters worse, popular unrest and violence continued in the regions of Lyon, Marseille and Toulon. What was a positive result of the Reign of Terror? There was tension growing in Paris with the arrival of the fédérés who came from the provinces.

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The Reign Of Terror: Consequences Of The French Revolution

what were the effects of the reign of terror

Malabar, FL: Krieger Publishing Company. Around 17,000 people were officially executed in France, including 2,639 in Paris. The Reign of Terror lasted for only nine months but it changed the French Revolution. About 40,000 people were executed. What was positive result of the Reign of Terror? The French Revolution 1787—1804. The executioner took 36 minutes to behead 22 Girondin members, including the corpse of one who had already died by suicide at the trial, according to historian Simon Schama's book " Citizens: A Chronicle of the French Revolution opens in new tab " Vintage, 1990. The damage, however, was done; the next night, Robespierre attacked Fabre d'Eglantine, whose involvement in the corrupt East Fall of the Hébertists On 21 December 1793, Collot d'Herbois, member of the Committee of Public Safety, returned to Paris from his brutal suppression of the Robespierre was in little mood to help them; with Desmoulins's newspapers and Fabre's corruption, he had been made to look a fool and was inclined to write off the entire Indulgent movement as nothing but hypocrisy.

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What was the Reign of Terror during the French Revolution?

what were the effects of the reign of terror

Although the Reign of Terror was ending, the Consequences of the Reign of Terror The Reign of Terror had the opposite results to those intended. The Reign of Terror was an aim to purge those who posed a threat to France, and especially the ones that were against the French Revolution. How did the reign of terror impact Europe? Nine émigrés are executed by Date 5 September 1793 — 27 July 1794 Location Organised by Casualties 17,000 officially The Reign of Terror French: la Terreur was a period of the There is disagreement among historians over when exactly "the Terror" began. To combat this the leaders quickly and efficiently restored France to a monarchy putting King Louis XVI in charge of France again. Many more died in prison or were beaten to death in the streets. It undermined the necessity of strict wartime measures and the legitimacy of the Revolutionary Government, which had justified extreme measures as necessary to resist foreign powers.

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Reign of Terror

what were the effects of the reign of terror

Arbitrary executions and lack of accountability created a sense of paranoia across France. The The Indulgents The primary challenge to the HĂ©bertists would not come directly from Robespierre but from a group of Jacobins who sought to scale back the Terror and who wished to prevent the HĂ©bertist-led Paris Commune from accumulating more power. Louis The French Revolution Essay to 1799. This involved the reorganisation of the Catholic Church, effectively making priests into civil servants, with wages paid by the State, and a system of elections. Cult of the Supreme Being: a religion of 'reason' created by Robespierre based on Events and purpose of the Reign of Terror The Terror's purpose was to maintain the unity of France during a period when multiple internal and external actors were threatening the Revolution.

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