What is territory in political science. What is the Population in Political Science? 2022-10-18
What is territory in political science Rating:
In political science, territory refers to a defined area of land that is controlled and governed by a political entity, such as a nation-state or a sub-national government. It is an essential concept in the study of politics, as it is closely related to issues of sovereignty, power, and governance.
The concept of territory has a long history, dating back to ancient civilizations in which rulers claimed control over certain lands and resources. In modern times, the concept of territory has become more formalized, with most nations having clearly defined borders and established systems of governance within those borders.
One important aspect of territory is the idea of sovereignty, which refers to a government's authority and control over a particular area. Sovereign states are those that are recognized as having the right to exercise exclusive jurisdiction and control over their territory, including the ability to make and enforce laws, collect taxes, and defend against external threats.
Another important aspect of territory is the concept of territoriality, which refers to the psychological and emotional attachment people have to a particular place or region. This attachment can be based on factors such as cultural identity, history, and shared experiences. It can also be a source of conflict, as different groups may have competing claims to the same territory.
In addition to sovereignty and territoriality, territory is also closely tied to issues of power and governance. Governments use their control over territory to assert their power and influence both within their borders and internationally. At the same time, the way in which a government governs its territory can have a significant impact on the lives of its citizens, including issues such as economic development, social policies, and environmental protections.
In conclusion, territory is a complex and multifaceted concept in political science, encompassing issues of sovereignty, territoriality, power, and governance. It is an essential element of the modern nation-state and plays a central role in the study of politics and international relations.
What is territory in political science
Foundations of social theory. Which particular historical, cultural, or other factors condition these choices in any given situation can be left open at this place, leaving room, again, for a plurality of cultural and theoretical perspectives. Sovereignty has two aspects : 1 Internal sovereignty 2 External sovereignty Internal sovereignty means that the State is supreme over all its citizens, and associations. As such, tawhid will be achieved through the absolute Unity of God, and so politics cannot be entirely accomplished without religion: Politics cannot be conceived as a differentiated structure, but it is obviously a social function. Territorial rights are also normally understood to include other rights beyond jurisdiction and the associated claims, powers and immunities: rights to control resources within the geographical area, rights to control borders and regulate the flow of people and goods across them and rights to defend the territory against outside aggression Simmons 2001; Miller 2012. From this perspective, a political society is made up of social groups coming together under the same authority. A thing, territory, for example, can be subject to imperium only in so far as the state commands men to act On these things? There are three important challenges to self-determination theories.
It goes back to the idea of harmony, but without a completed contract, to the hypothesis of a global city without a central government, to the assertion of common norms without binding measures. It may be advanced with confidence that the existence of a great republic will always be exposed to far greater dangers than that of a small one. This also applies to non-Western traditions such as Confucian Shin, 1999 , Indian Madan, 1992 , or sub-Saharan African Mbiti, 1969 ones. Schleicher, International Relations: Cooperation and Conflict New Delhi, 1963 , p. Some class the State as one in the order of corporations, and others think of it as indistinguishable from society itself.
What do you mean by territory in political science?
Second, the emphasis on collective self-determination as the value that territorial rights realize seems to apply most straightforwardly to groups that engage in democratic self-determination, because then we can then be confident that the state is the vehicle of the group self-determination. It is a short step from this type of argument to appeal to a principle of proximity to mark out a domain in which people are unavoidably interacting with one another, and then explain why people who are proximate must be under the same authority, because likely to fall into disputes Waldron 2009. However, these rights are mainly conceived of as secondary to that of jurisdiction, and of meta-jurisdictional powers such as the power to secede from a state or merge with another one. The military should not be allowed to indulge in political affairs and activities. Theories of Territory in Historical Perspective There are a number of historical theories which have presented arguments about territory that have been relatively neglected in the scholarship on these theories, which has tended to focus on other aspects of their argument. Propaganda is motivated and could be for good or evil.
Even if some scholars object that some societies ignored politics Clastres, 1975 , most anthropologists consider politics as a constant of the human condition. Although Kant himself offered various reasons for opposing a world state Kant MM: II; 53—61 it is not clear that these reasons are consistent with the logic of his theory. Contemporary accounts that ground territorial rights on self-determination and peoplehood are not based on a single identifiable theorist, though this version attempts to define territorial right—holder and the justificatory value in a way that avoids some of the problems of earlier theorists. In brief, these dimensions are as follows: 1. Sociology has shaped the development of research on political communication.
States have territory: it is the geographical extent of their jurisdictional authority. Although this theory is able to explain how there might be legitimate jurisdictional authority over various chunks of land, it also seems likely that these would be perforated by land held by dissenters, or at the least non-continuous boundaries. However, be it plural or singular, during the last decades empirical political science has increasingly differentiated itself from sociology, and above all from political sociology, public law, political philosophy, and contemporary history. These states, like the minuter communities of the Middle Ages, serve a purpose, by constituting partitions and securities of self-government in the larger states but they are impediments to the progress of society, which depends on the mixture of races under the same governments. This highlights the problem with the proportionality principle and common ownership: it is biased towards intensive uses relative to population.
Nation definition political science/elements/government
For the State must work through persons. From a more pragmatic perspective, it seems that the fundamentalist debates about such matters have subsided in the last few decades and most political or social scientists just agree to disagree about such basic ontological or religious positions and their respective justifications. Emphasizing again and again that the state is power, the lack of which is a sin against the Holy Ghost, he said, it is manifest that it is only the state that is really powerful that corresponds to our idea. Nevertheless, no one would assert as yet the complete achievement of an international society or an international community. Thus, the prestige or reputation for military might and preparedness is used by countries to their advantage. Duguit goes still further and asserts emphatically that territory is not an indispensable element in the formation of a state The differentiation between the governed and those who govern, according to him, is what makes a state, and this differentiation can exist in a society that is not fixed on a determinate territory.
Preserving Status Quo: The status quo policy aims to preserve the distribution of power prevalent at any time in history. However, he suggests that it would take the form of collective property or property held by communities, and that, from this, individual claims could be derived. This neglect was not confined to political philosophy: it was a feature of all three traditions that were influential in thinking about the state. The Value of Small States Denied:- The disregard by Germany of the rights of certain small states during the World War and the making known to the English-speaking world of the somewhat contemptuous attacks of Treitschke and other German writers upon small states generally, provoked widespread discussion of the relative value of large and petty states as agencies for the advancement of civilization. This system model should not, however, be equated with systems theory in a more demanding sense e.
Territorial Rights and Territorial Justice (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
Kant first defends the right to occupy and appropriate objects as implicit in, and justified by, the exercise of individual freedom. The vagueness and the mobility of the borderline stem from different factors: the diversity of the great theories in the social sciences, which do not reflect the same visions of politics and which are torn between power and integration; the historical and cultural background of politics, which is shaping different kinds of lineages; and the present impact of globalization, which is probably fueling a new definition of politics that is increasingly detached from concepts of ethnicity and territoriality. In the present times, external control has taken various forms and become subtle and complex. In this way, all inter-state relations are ultimately relations of power politics. Bodin was making a plea for peace in an age of war.