# What is inductive reasoning and deductive reasoning. Inductive Reasoning vs. Deductive Reasoning Flashcards 2022-10-14

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Inductive reasoning and deductive reasoning are two different approaches to logical thinking and problem-solving. Inductive reasoning involves moving from specific observations or examples to a general conclusion, while deductive reasoning involves starting with a general principle or statement and applying it to a specific situation to reach a logical conclusion.

Inductive reasoning is based on the idea of making observations and collecting evidence, then using that evidence to form a general conclusion. For example, if a person observes that every time they wear a certain pair of shoes, it rains, they might conclude that wearing those shoes causes it to rain. This conclusion is based on the evidence of their observations, but it is not necessarily true, as there could be other factors at play that they have not considered.

Deductive reasoning, on the other hand, involves starting with a general principle or statement and applying it to a specific situation to reach a logical conclusion. For example, if a person knows that all men are mortal and Socrates is a man, they can deduce that Socrates is mortal. This conclusion is based on the general principle that all men are mortal, and the specific fact that Socrates is a man, so it is considered a valid conclusion.

Both inductive and deductive reasoning are important tools for understanding and solving problems, and they can be used in a variety of fields, including science, mathematics, and philosophy. However, it is important to recognize the limitations of each approach and to be cautious about drawing conclusions based on incomplete or unreliable evidence.

In summary, inductive reasoning is the process of moving from specific observations to a general conclusion, while deductive reasoning involves starting with a general principle and applying it to a specific situation to reach a logical conclusion. Both approaches are valuable for understanding and solving problems, but it is important to be aware of their limitations and to carefully consider the evidence upon which conclusions are based.

## Inductive VS Deductive Reasoning

The observations you make include absent employees and the inference you can come to is that it's beneficial for the team to delay the meeting. Deductive reasoning is the act of backing up a generalized statement with specific scenarios. In both examples, the conclusion is based on observations or premises, but the way in which the conclusion is reached is different. As such, displaying your reasoning and during the hiring process could increase your chances for getting the job. You and your team might hypothesize that if you decrease shipment time on your products, then that might satisfy your customers.

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## Inductive vs Deductive Reasoning (With Definitions & Examples)

Alternatively, deductive reasoning is the process of taking two or more premises, which are accepted to be true, and reaching a conclusion that is logically sound. For example, maybe you want to use reasoning to create and implement a new marketing strategy. For example, if you work in human resources, you might need to decide on a benefits package. Further, the argument can be strong or weak, as it only describes the likelihood of the inference, to be true. If a child has a dog at home, she knows dogs have fur, four legs, and a tail. The acronym stands for situation, task, action and result.

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## What is inductive reasoning versus deductive reasoning? Definition (+examples) (2022)

That means there's something for everyone. First, establish a baseline. For example, you might use inductive reasoning to understand how something works by observing patterns. Therefore, he offers flexible working to all employees. Therefore, it can be said that while using inductive reasoning, a person moves from specific information provided to a more general theory of the phenomenon being studied. Instead of moving from specific observations to draw a general conclusion, deductive reasoning derives a conclusion based on accepted facts. How do these methods compare with each other? Two types of reasoning which are often confused with each other are deductive reasoning and inductive reasoning.

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## Inductive & Deductive Reasoning in Math

Research frequently starts inductively. Related: Career Goals: How To Set, Examples and Tips for Achieving Predict business outcomes Most commonly, inductive reasoning is used to develop theories, such as predicting patterns and potential outcomes. When several examples form a pattern and you assume the pattern will continue, you are applying inductive reasoning. Try to include specific stories that have measurable, positive results. Therefore, he advises his clients not to invest in that company during the summer.

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## What Is Inductive vs Deductive Reasoning? Definition (+Examples)

And the arguments are sound when the conclusion, following those valid arguments, is true. Therefore, apples grow on trees. People may refer to this as a "top-down" approach to drawing conclusions. Download as many presentation templates as you want from Envato Elements for one great price, or get them on a pay-per-use basis from GraphicRiver. If you include this on your resume, consider also providing a specific example of how you used inductive reasoning skills in the workplace at a previous job in your cover letter. Examples of Deductive Reasoning Study the examples for situations when you might want to use deductive reasoning.

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## What Is Deductive Reasoning?

Lastly, researchers draw a conclusion from the data and formulate a theory. It is simply a process of logical reasoning from a specific observation to a general theory of a population. . By inductive reasoning, you came to a specific conclusion about the entire population of English males. An interesting point with inductive reasoning is that it allows for the conclusion to be false. You decide to ensure that all future training includes this component.

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## Deductive reasoning vs. Inductive reasoning

Here is an example of deductive reasoning in real terms: Apples are a type of fruit. There are a few key differences, including: Treatment of theories Inductive reasoning helps develop theories. Professionals who use inductive reasoning are in law enforcement and business development careers such as marketing. Therefore, we use two kinds of reasoning. You draw a conclusion about a situation based on observations of similar situations in the past.

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## Inductive and Deductive Reasoning

Therefore, if you market those products to that age group, your sales are likely to increase. For example, you might observe that your older sister is tidy, your friend's older sister is tidy, and your mom's older sister is tidy. As opposed, in deductive reasoning, the generalisation made are necessarily true, if the premises are correct. What is Deductive Reasoning? These jobs require you to develop accurate and valid solutions based on the information provided. Reasoning inductively goes no further than to form hypotheses or perform experiments to test the validity of the conclusions you make from your observations. In math, inductive reasoning involves taking a specific truth which is known to be true, and then applying this truth to more general concepts.

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## Inductive Reasoning vs Deductive Reasoning

You may hear the term mathematical induction, which is used in advanced, complicated mathematical proofs. For example, a coroner uses an autopsy to make observations and determine a cause of death. Sherlock Holmes is famous for using his deductive reasoning to solve crimes. What is Deductive Reasoning? However, in deductive reasoning, you make inferences by going from general premises to specific conclusions. You could call it a valid guess. For instance, if your approval rates start to decrease, you might use deductive reasoning to determine why. Hence, both kinds of reasoning methods are used in research and have their specific limitations and advantages depending on the pieces of evidence, facts, and research procedure.

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## Inductive Reasoning vs. Deductive Reasoning Flashcards

Example: Deductive research problemYou work as an organizational researcher at a large insurance organization. Observation premise : My neighbor's Corgis are the same way another specific observation of behavior. Still, even if the premises of your argument are true, and that means that your conclusion is probably true, or likely true, or true much of the time â€” it's not certain. So what's the difference between inductive and deductive reasoning, when should you use each method, and is one better than the other? For example, you could explain how you used reasoning to create a successful advertisement plan. As you can see, I'm basing my theory on my observations of the behavior of a number of Corgis. For most roles that you hire, you want candidates to have a problem-solving ability, don't you? Your consequences are likely to be wrong.

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