What factors contributed to the french revolution. France 2022-10-15
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The French Revolution was a significant event in the history of France and Europe as a whole, marked by significant political, social, and cultural changes. It took place between 1789 and 1799 and resulted in the overthrow of the monarchy and the establishment of the First French Republic. There are several factors that contributed to the French Revolution, including social, economic, and political issues that had been brewing for centuries.
One of the main contributing factors to the French Revolution was the social inequality that existed in France at the time. The French society was divided into three estates, with the first estate being the clergy, the second estate being the nobility, and the third estate being the common people. The first and second estates enjoyed significant privileges and exemptions from taxes, while the third estate, which made up around 97% of the population, was heavily taxed and had very little political power. This led to widespread resentment and frustration among the common people, who were struggling to make ends meet in a society that seemed to favor the wealthy and privileged.
Another important factor that contributed to the French Revolution was the economic crisis that France was facing. France was heavily in debt due to the lavish spending of the monarchy and the costs of wars, such as the Seven Years' War and the American Revolutionary War. The burden of these debts fell heavily on the third estate, who were already struggling with high taxes and low wages. This economic crisis was further exacerbated by a series of bad harvests and a drop in food prices, leading to widespread hunger and poverty among the common people.
Political factors also played a role in the French Revolution. The monarchy, under King Louis XVI, was seen as being out of touch with the needs and concerns of the common people. The monarchy was also deeply unpopular due to the perceived extravagance and extravagance of the royal court. Additionally, the French monarchy was seen as being too closely aligned with the clergy and the nobility, further fueling the discontent of the third estate.
In summary, the French Revolution was a complex event that was fueled by a variety of social, economic, and political factors. The social inequality and the economic crisis that France was facing, combined with the unpopularity of the monarchy, contributed to the widespread discontent and frustration that led to the overthrow of the monarchy and the establishment of the First French Republic.
Factors That Contributed to the French Revolution Essay Example
Its three traditional divisions, or "orders," were the clergy, the nobility, and the common people. The third estate was the most discontented class. Find Out How UKEssays. Social Cause: The Social condition of France during the eighteenth century was very miserable. The Memoirs of François René Vicomte de Chateaubriand sometime Ambassador to England. This revolution resulted in the end of the old paradigm and thebeginning of the Enlightenment paradigm. Thus, political injustice can be seen from the election of government employees who are based on the descendants family factor and not based on profession or expertise.
What are three different factors which contributed to the outbreak of the French Revolution, and which is the most important?
After these three stages, The Rule of the Moderates that ended the French Revolution, Napoleon was the savior as he was instrumental to ending the frustrating …show more content… Anyone who was against the Revolution was put to death. Depiction of the Three Estates in France 2 Tax Burden on the Third Estate The First Estate in France, or the clergy, owned 10% of the land though it comprised less than 0. But he was influenced by his queen Marie Antoinette who always interfered in the state affairs. What brought on the crisis, though, was the enormous expense of supporting the royal court and bureaucracy, and especially French participation in the war of the American Revolution. French peasants were subject to certain feudal dues, called banalities. Known as the French Revolution, occurred in 1789. Some claim that they fear the change, when they merely like the way things are and refuse to see things in another way.
The Major Factors: The Causes Of The French Revolution
In addition, the inheritance of debts from King Louis XIV and Louis XV makes the state debt piled up even more. He participated in many wars. There were three main causes of the French Revolution: gross mishandling of governing duties and incompetence in the leadership of King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette, the large and very unjust social and economic gap between the first two privileged estates and the poor third estate, and finally the revolutionary ideas of the enlightenment and their influence on the philosophies of the people. Why are we talking about revolution, the French revolution, in particular? The real cost of living had increased by 62% between 1741 and 1785, and two successive years of poor harvests in 1788 and 1789 caused the price of bread to be dramatically inflated along with a drop in wages. The urban workers lived and worked in the major towns and were unskilled and poorly paid, living crowded together in cellars and upper storys.
Causes of French Revolution: Political, Social and Economic Causes
Louis-Sébastien Mercier, a writer who adored life in Paris and wrote extensively about all aspects of it, often lamented not only the poor health of city workers but also the strict conditions governing their employment. It is difficult to measure the effects of the ideas in the same way one can measure, say, bread shortages, but there is no doubt that this philosophical movement tended to erode the foundations of royal absolutism. It was a period of social and political chaos. The second estate consisted of 2% of the people and owned 35% of the land. Since people of France were under the control of the King they wanted to get rid of French government to eliminate power of the king.
The government holding most the wealth and power over the land would impose harsh taxes that kept the rich wealthy and the poor in the lower class. The rise in the cost of bread severely affected the common French citizens who resented the monarch for his not being able to solve the food crisis. People were divided into three estates. The court nobles lived in pomp and luxury. The enlightenment writers, philosophes, were critical of the governments corruption and the churches intolerance. The Third Estate had many divisions within it.
Factors that Caused the French Revolution to Occur
Rousseau, by far the most radical in his views, was idolized by many of the Jacobins who initiated the Reign of Terror in 1794. The British Essay about Exploring the Factors Leading to the French Revolution Exploring the Factors Leading to the French Revolution The French Revolution began due to many different reasons. A debate on economic reform and policy in 18th Century France. The dramatic events of the revolution greatly changed the political landscape of France and Europe and influenced most of the events of the 19th century in the region. The Bourgeoisie formed the top most group of the Third Estate. The French Revolution of 1789 had many long-range causes.
Social Causes of the Revolution · Explore · LIBERTY, EQUALITY, FRATERNITY: EXPLORING THE FRENCH REVOUTION
These immediate issues increased the resentment of the underlying problem of the inequality of land distribution, in which peasants made up approximately 80% of the French population, but only owned 35% of the land. In addition, the eighteenth century saw the intrusion of capitalism into everyday life. Therefore, these philosophers had a major influence on European society, including the leaders of French society. Louis XVI, The Silent King. The 'bought' Nobility, or Noblesse de robe, were well-educated and wealthy former bourgeois who obtained their titles from the King for a sum. From July through September 1789, word of the National Assembly's decisions and of the popular revolts in Paris and other cities spread across the French countryside.
Free Essay: Social factors contributed to the French Revolution of 1789
The guillotine a machine to make killing more humane killed people by chopping off their heads, one man by the name of Maximilien put many people in the guillotine. In the summer of 1789 hundreds of thousands mobilized to attack lords' manors and destroy the bitter symbols of seigneurialism: weather vanes, protective walls, and especially property deeds setting forth feudal dues that peasants were required to pay the lord. With his pen, he battled inequality, injustice, and superstition. Peasants, in their lists of grievances of 1789, expressed hostility to noble landlords; and, as noted earlier, this hostility intensified after Bastille Day. As the price of food surged their incomes did not, leaving many peasants struggling to get by.