What are the causes and effects of acid rain. What are causes and effects of acid rain? 2022-11-03
What are the causes and effects of acid rain Rating:
World War II was a global war that lasted from 1939 to 1945 and involved the majority of the world's nations—including all of the great powers—eventually forming two opposing military alliances: the Allies and the Axis. It was the most widespread war in history, and directly involved more than 100 million people from more than 30 countries. In a state of "total war", the major participants threw their entire economic, industrial, and scientific capabilities behind the war effort, erasing the distinction between civilian and military resources. Marked by mass deaths of civilians, including the Holocaust (in which approximately 11 million people were killed) and the strategic bombing of industrial and population centers (in which approximately one million people were killed), it resulted in 50 million to over 70 million fatalities.
The war in Europe began with the invasion of Poland by Germany and the Soviet Union, followed by the British and French declaration of war on Germany in September 1939. From late 1939 to early 1941, in a series of campaigns and treaties, Germany conquered or controlled much of continental Europe, and formed the Axis alliance with Italy and Japan. Under the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, Germany and the Soviet Union partitioned and annexed territories of their European neighbours, including Poland, Finland, and the Baltic states.
In June 1941, Germany turned on the Soviets, opening the largest and the deadliest theatre of war in history. Nazi Germany acquired additional territories in eastern Europe, invaded the Soviet Union, and embarked on a massive campaign of extermination and enslavement, eventually committing the genocide of over 3 million Soviet and Polish Jews, as well as various Romani peoples, gay people, disabled people, priests, political opponents, and others deemed "unworthy of life" by the Nazi regime. In response, the Soviet Union, along with the United States, China, and the other Allies, eventually defeated the Axis powers and liberated Europe.
The drop of the atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in August 1945 marked the end of World War II, as the Japanese surrendered to the Allies. The United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union emerged as the world's three dominant powers, and the United Nations, formed in the aftermath of the war, and including many of the victorious powers, became the first international organization to address issues of global concern, including decolonization, and the prevention and mitigation of future conflicts. The Cold War, which began in 1947 and lasted until the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, was largely a continuation of the Western and Eastern conflict and resulted in the emergence of the Western Bloc and the Eastern Bloc, with the United States and its allies, including the UK, facing off against the Soviet Union and its allies.
The war had a profound impact on the course of world history. The United Nations, formed in the aftermath of the war, and including many of the victorious powers, became the first international organization to address issues of global concern, including decolonization, and the prevention and mitigation of future conflicts. The legacy of the war and the ensuing Cold War shaped much of the second half of the 20th century, and continues to influence contemporary international relations.
Effect on Forests It makes trees vulnerable to disease, extreme weather, and insects by destroying their leaves, damaging the bark and arresting their growth. Fuel cells, natural gas, and batteries can also substitute the use of fossil fuel as cleaner energy sources. Ans: Acid rain and fog also damage forests, especially those at higher elevations. The trees, plants, rivers, lakes, soil, animals, birds, and humans form ecological niches that support each other. The only way to deal with acid rain is to curb the emission of harmful pollutants by finding sustainable and eco-friendly alternate energy solutions. Moreover, the trees and the corresponding ecosystem are more vulnerable to insect destruction, diseases, and damages caused by extreme weather. Acid Rain Caused By Fossil Fuels Some people might not know about the connection between fossil fuels and acid rain, but a study done by NASA in 2005 points to CO2 emissions as one of the major causes of acid rain.
However, the majority of gases come from man-made sources, such as fossil fuel Both natural and man-made sources are known to play a role in the formation of acid rain. Also, each person can do their part by reducing their vehicle use. However, this is associated with high costs and has to be executed repeatedly in order to sustain the pH-level at a moderate level. Both the wet and dry deposition forms cause harm to humans, animals, soil, water bodies, and buildings. The direct and indirect effects of acid rain are detrimental to the entire ecosystem.
These then mix with water and other materials before falling to the ground. As acid rain raises the level of acidity, fish tend to die off. Also, the vegetation cover and the soil can be harmed in a dramatic way. Stratospheric ozone naturally occurs in the upper atmosphere, while ground-level ozone is formed by chemical reactions with nitrogen oxide and other unstable compounds in the lower atmosphere. Acid rain leads to a change in these living conditions since it makes the soil more acid.
Acid Rain: Definition, Formation, Causes, Effects and Controls
Acid rain runoff from catchment areas into rivers and lakes has also reduced 2. The acids react with aluminium and calcium oxides in the soil, forming water-soluble calcium and aluminium salts of nitrate and sulphate anions. But, it is mainly caused by the combustion of fossil fuels which results in emissions of sulfur dioxide SO 2 and nitrogen oxides NO x. Industries and vehicle emission releases sulfur dioxides and nitrogen oxides in atmosphere to form acid rain. In order to mitigate the issue of acid rain, on the one hand, we have to optimize the current production processes of oil, gas and coal.
This is due to the presence of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. Other sources include industrial emissions and biomass burning. As rain flows over and through the soil, these soluble materials dissolve and flow into bodies of water. Wet deposition occurs when any form of precipitation like snow, rain, etc. There are dead lakes, which are crystal clear and contain no sign of living creatures in them. Acid Rain Damages Sculptures made of Marble and Limestone Effects on Rivers and Lakes A prominent effect of acid rain is observed in the ecological niche of rivers and lakes. A decrease in pH of precipitation was also observed due to biomass burning.
Causes of acid rain and its effects on environment
Acid rain is the natural result of human-induced climate change. Once these trees are cleared, the top layer of soil is exposed and quickly develops sulfuric acid, which falls from the sky during rainfall and causes major environmental damage such as pollution of bodies of water with acidic sediment or higher concentrations of chemicals leaching into groundwater. Henceforth, the entire aquatic ecosystem is hampered. Irreplaceable damage can be caused to the old heritage buildings. Additional resources Discover key facts about acid rain on opens in new tab , watch this National Geographic video opens in new tab about the role of fossil fuels and pollution in creating acid rain, and learn more about what the opens in new tab is doing to reduce emissions. If the pH level is below a certain threshold, it can harm or even kill a significant amount of water animals and plants.
Acid Rain: Know its Causes, Formation, Effects and Prevention
Due to the addition of acids and minerals eutrophication occurs formation of green algae over the surface of the water body which causes the death of aquatic organisms. Acid rain is an environmental hazard that is the transponder in nature. Purchase energy-saving appliances; carpool, use public transportation, walk, or bike whenever possible; keep your thermostat low in the winter and high in the summer; insulate your house; and turn off lights, computers, and appliances when you're not using them. The existing winds blow these acidic compounds over large areas across borders and they fall back to the ground in the form of acid rain or other forms of precipitation. What are the causes of acid rain? These substances are known to cause acid rain. Besides, the widespread effects of acid rain on ecological harmony have lead to stunted growth and even death of some forests and vegetation cover.
This education has to start at an early stage in elementary school. This ground-level ozone causes respiratory problems, like pneumonia and bronchitis, and can even cause permanent lung damage. A chemical reaction happens when sulfur dioxide and nitrogen oxides mix with water, oxygen and other chemicals in the air. But, it is mainly caused by the combustion of fossil fuels which results in emissions of sulfur dioxide SO 2 and nitrogen oxides NO x. Acid rain damage on trees Measurement of Acid Rain Acidity or alkalinity of substances is measured using a pH scale.
These gases react with water to form sulphuric acid and nitric acid. Acidity itself is determined based on the pH level of the water droplets. When the pH becomes a 4, the lake is considered dead, according to National Atmospheric Deposition Program opens in new tab. However, some components of soil may be basic, such as rocks and sediments, so this will also affect the reading. Power generating plants and other major producers of acid rain discharge their oxide wastes into the air in order to reduce production costs. To date, she has been a volunteer firefighter, a dispatcher, substitute teacher, artist, janitor, children's book author, pizza maker, event coordinator and much more. Did carbon dioxide cause acid rain? The SO 2 and NO X react with water, oxygen and other chemicals to form sulfuric and nitric acids.