Waterways in india. Waterways in India, Indian Transport 2022-10-27
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India is a country that is blessed with a vast network of waterways. These waterways play a significant role in the country's economy and are an important mode of transportation for both goods and people.
There are three main types of waterways in India: rivers, canals, and backwaters. Rivers are the primary source of water for irrigation, drinking, and other domestic and industrial purposes. The country is home to several major rivers, including the Ganges, Brahmaputra, and Godavari, which flow through the northern, northeastern, and southern regions of the country, respectively. These rivers are also used for transportation, with boats and ferries carrying passengers and cargo up and down their lengths.
Canals are man-made channels that are used for irrigation, transportation, and other purposes. They are constructed by digging trenches and building embankments to channel water from rivers or other sources. India has a long history of canal construction, with some of the earliest canals dating back to ancient times. Today, there are thousands of canals in the country, many of which are used for irrigation and transportation.
Backwaters are a unique feature of the southern state of Kerala. They are a network of interconnected waterways, lakes, and lagoons that are separated from the Arabian Sea by a narrow strip of land. The backwaters are home to a rich variety of flora and fauna and are an important part of the local economy. They are used for transportation, with boats and houseboats carrying passengers and cargo through the narrow channels.
In addition to their economic and transportation functions, waterways in India also play a significant cultural and spiritual role. Many rivers, such as the Ganges, are considered sacred by Hindus and are a central part of religious rituals and ceremonies. The backwaters of Kerala are also an important part of local culture and are a popular tourist destination.
Overall, waterways in India are a vital part of the country's infrastructure and play a crucial role in its economic and cultural life. They are an important mode of transportation and a source of water for irrigation, drinking, and other purposes. They also have a rich history and are an integral part of India's cultural and spiritual identity.
Indian rivers interlinking project
Retrieved 28 August 2012. Through a grant from the Ministry of Shipping, it implements initiatives for developing and maintaining IWT infrastructure on national waterways. The development of NW1 will help these states direct some of their freight to the Kolkata-Haldia complex, making the movement of freight more reliable and reducing logistics costs significantly. · All vessels plying on the Ganga will be fitted with noise control and animal exclusion devices so that aquatic life is not unduly disturbed. It encourages large-scale private sector participation in infrastructure development and fleet operations. Retrieved 4 January 2013.
The Hindu Business Line. The Indian National Waterways has a vast chain of inland waterways comprising rivers, creeks, backwaters, and canals. Himalayan rivers have long courses from their source to sea in India Arabian sea and Bay of Bengal. Retrieved 29 August 2012. Shankar Narayanan, chairman, Inland Waterways Authority of India IWAI 4 April 2004.
It recommends large-scale participation of the private sector both for the creation of infrastructure and for fleet operations. It is being implemented at a cost of Rs 5369. To make navigation safe both day and night, the Project will help mark out the central channel for boats to ply in and install night navigation facilities. It permits the Central Government to regulate the growth of these waterways in terms of shipping, navigation, and transport via mechanically propelled vessels. The approximate cost of waterway transport in India is 50 paise per kilometer- which is very less compared to other modes of transportation. The resulting demand for food must be satisfied with higher yields and better crop security, both of which require adequate irrigation of about 140 million hectares of land. Archived from PDF on 1 February 2012.
Retrieved 5 August 2010. In addition to the pre-existing one, the act suggested 106 national waterways and consolidated 5 existing statutes that had designated the 5 national waterways. Waterways in Maharashtrai NW-10 Amba River ii NW-83 Rajpuri Creek iii NW-85 Revadanda Creek - Kundalika River System iv NW-91 Shastri river—Jaigad creek system 453131 52 Maharashtra 9. Salt export needs When sufficient Navigation India needs infrastructure for logistics and movement of freight. The Inland Waterways Authority of India Act, 1985 empowers the Government to declare waterways with potential for development of shipping and navigation as National Waterways and develop such waterways for efficient shipping and navigation. Further, the inter-link would create a path for aquatic ecosystems to be affected by movement of species from one river to another, which in turn may affect the livelihoods of people who rely on specific aquatic species for their income.
Inland Water Transport Policy 2001 The policy states that IWT is a cost-effective, fuel-efficient, and environmentally benign means of transportation. Retrieved 29 May 2014. The main part of the project would send water from the eastern part of India to the south and west. Among these, the Jawaharlal Nehru Port in Mumbai has developed to be the major port in India. Cruising French Waterways, 4th Edition. Coastal shipping is one of the most important aspects of Indian Transport system.
Once operational, the waterway will form part of the larger multi-modal transport network being planned along the river. Finish the entire syllabus of UPSC Prelims and Mains GS in 3 months: Join ClearIAS PCM Course ClearIAS Video Classes Recorded : The easiest way to cover the entire UPSC Prelims and Mains GS syllabus in the shortest time. This will ensure that vessels plying in these areas comply with the operational framework that has been put into place for minimizing impacts in sensitive zones. The Times of India. Retrieved 25 May 2016.
Waterways in India: [Essay Example], 1340 words GradesFixer
While small boats can ply along this seasonal river, large cargo barges need a minimum depth to sail in. However, with the introduction of the railways, this watercourse fell into disuse. The project aims to maintain and develop mammoth infrastructures such as inter-modal and multimodal terminals, Roll-on-roll Ro-Ro facilities, navigation aids, and ferry services. Length km Location S 1 NW-1: Ganga-Bhagirathi-Hooghly River System Haldia - Allahabad 1620 Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, West Bengal 2 NW-2: Brahmaputra River Dhubri - Sadiya 891 Assam 3 NW-3: West Coast Canal Kottapuram - Kollam , Champakara and Udyogmandal Canals 205 Kerala 4 NW-4: Phase-1development of the stretch Muktiyala to Vijayawada of river Krishna 82 Andhra Pradesh 5. It proposed 106 additional NWs and added existing Acts, named the five National Waterways. The Indian government initiated the process for developing three more national waterways in 2005.
Setting up Navigational Infrastructure Since the absence of essential infrastructure such as cargo terminals and jetties has been one of the reasons for the slow development of water transport in the region, the Project will help establish six multi-modal freight terminals - at Varanasi, Ghazipur, Kalughat, Sahibgunj, Triveni and Haldia. Kolkata is the largest inland port of Asia. Retrieved 5 August 2010. The active National Waterways of India are as follows: S. Contracts shall also be tailored to reduce the need for dredging. National Waterways in India - UPSC Exam Preparation The Union Public Service Commission conducts the Civil Services IAS Exam annually.
The Ganga-Brahmaputra-Meghna is a major international drainage basin which carries more than 1,000 million acre feet out of total 1440 million acre feet in India. Farmers in the agriculturally-rich Gangetic plain will also benefit, as the waterway opens up markets further afield. Through times, rivers have been efficient and effective for carrying load over long distances. JMVP will facilitate commercial navigation of 1500-2000 ton vessels from Haldia to Varanasi. The end of the era of massive expansion in groundwater use is going to demand greater reliance on surface water supply systems. The country is bestowed with a plethora of diverse topography which enables different kinds of transportation. To answer the question of how many national waterways in India are the busiest, we can say that India has 11 major ports.