The Vijayanagara rulers were a powerful and influential dynasty that ruled over the Kingdom of Vijayanagara in South India from the 14th to the 16th centuries. The kingdom was founded by two brothers, Harihara and Bukka, who were Hindu warriors and scholars. They were able to unite the various small states in the region under their rule and establish a strong and centralized government.
The Vijayanagara Empire was a major power in South India, and its rulers were known for their military prowess and cultural achievements. They built a number of impressive temples and palaces, and their capital city of Vijayanagara (also known as Hampi) was a major cultural and economic center. The rulers also patronized art, literature, and music, and the kingdom became a hub of cultural activity.
One of the most notable Vijayanagara rulers was Krishnadevaraya, who ruled from 1509 to 1529. He was a skilled military leader and a patron of the arts, and under his rule, the kingdom reached the peak of its power and prosperity. He also commissioned the construction of many impressive buildings, including the Vittala Temple in Hampi, which is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Another notable Vijayanagara ruler was Narasimha II, who ruled from 1542 to 1567. He was a strong and able ruler who continued the tradition of patronizing the arts and literature. He also oversaw the construction of many temples and palaces, including the Hazara Rama Temple in Hampi.
The Vijayanagara rulers were also known for their religious tolerance and their efforts to maintain harmony among the various religious and cultural groups in the kingdom. They were particularly supportive of the Hindu Bhakti movement, which emphasized devotion to a personal deity and the importance of individual spiritual experience.
Overall, the Vijayanagara rulers were a significant force in South Indian history, and their contributions to culture, art, and architecture are still evident in the region today. Their legacy can be seen in the many impressive temples, palaces, and other cultural sites that have survived from their reign.
About Vijayanagar Kings
Built in 1524 AD Mahaganapati Kurudumale 1. Gadugina Bharata, a translation of the epic Mahabharata. The city was situated along the Tungabhadra River, which is located in Karnataka, a modern-day state in India. In the Telugu districts the temple tax was called Srotriyas, in the Tamil speaking districts it was called as Jodi. He also built and commisioned many of the architecture that Vijayanagara is remembered for, and was one of the empire's greatest leaders, governing his subjects well, albeit harshly if they broke his laws. Browse this content Gold and jade crown Silla Gold and jade crown Gold crown and gold belt from the north mound of Hwangnamdaechong Tomb Bronze bowl with inscription for King Gwanggaeto the Great Silla Horse-rider-shaped vessels Silla Gold Earrings from the Double Burial in Bomun-dong, Gyeongju Silla Mt. Although the kingdom lingered on for almost one hundred years under the Aravidu dynasty founded by Tirumala Raya with its capital at Penugonda, it came it to an end in 1672.
Next he defeated the Qutub Shahi rulers of Golconda and Adil Khan of Bijapur. Often members of related crafts formed inter-caste communities. During the latter part of the Tuluva Dynasty, the last emperor engaged in the disastrous Battle of Talikota with Muslim sultans that resulted in the destruction of the capital city of Vijayanagar. In Fritz, John M. Gu Hongzhong, The Night Revels of Han Xizai, handscroll Liao dynasty 907 C.
Tirumala Raya, the sole surviving commander, left Vijayanagara for Penukonda with vast amounts of treasure on the back of 550 elephants. Madalasa Charita, Satyavadu Parinaya and Rasamanjari and Jambavati Kalyana. In the first battle Devaraya II won. Dasas devotees by virtue of their immense contribution. The Vijayanagar Empire 1336-1646 A. Built in 15th century AD 2. Rice: Origin, Antiquity and History.
By the end of the Sultanate Period, Multan and Bengal were the first territories to break away from the Delhi Sultanate and declare independence and many other territories in the Deccan region rose to power. Satakas, moral and social poems, that became colloquial Telugu phrases. Oxford University Press, 2011. Apart from land revenue, other taxes were: irrigation tax, grazing tax and import- export duties on merchandise goods. The Dasakuta merely conveyed the message of Madhvacharya through the Kannada language to the people in the form of devotional songs Devaranamas and Kirthanas.
Vidyaranya Kalajnana, Dindima's Ramabhyudayam on the life of King Saluva Narasimha, Dindima II's Achyutabhyudayam and Tirumalamba's Varadambika Parinayam. Here, we are giving the list of Temples Built during the Vijaynagara Empire for general awareness. The New Cambridge History of India 1. In Pollock, Sheldon ed. Vijayanagar Empire Did you know that India was not always a unified country? Fritz; George Michell eds. The Aftermath The successors of Vijayanagarwerethe Mysore Kingdom, Keladi Nayaka, theNayaks of Madurai, the Nayaks of Tanjore, the Nayakas of Chitradurga and theNayak Kingdom of Gingee all of whom declared independence and went on to have a significant impact on the history of South India.
Vijayanagara Administration (in the Medieval India)
Krishnadevaraya patronised the Tamil Vaishnava poet Haridasa whose Irusamaya Vilakkam was an exposition of the two Hindu systems, Vaishnava and Shaiva, with a preference for the former. Vijayanagara rulers worshipped Durga for strength to conquer their foes before embarking on their military campaigns. Literature The Sanskrit language and literature were promoted during this period of Indian history, with Sanskrit acting as a kind of lingua franca that united the different regions. Built in16th century 2. Sati, the Blessing and the Curse: The Burning of Wives in India.
It started out as a city called Vijayanagar in 1336 CE and was founded by siblings Harihara Raya I and Bukka Raya I. Built in 1560 AD Partakali Jivottam Gokarna 1. Rama was to rule Karnataka from Srirangapattana and Venkatapati who resided in Chandragiri was to look after the affairs of the Tamil country. Built in 14th-16th centuries AD 2. In addition, Vijayanagar society provided significant opportunities for women.
The Tamil inscriptions also provide somewhat richer details than the Kannada and Telugu inscriptions do regarding the socio-economic conditions of the times. Deep forests were grown around forts. New Light on Hampi: Recent Research at Vijayanagara. Built in 1509—1529 AD Ananthasayana Ananthasayanagudi 1. Elephant stables Deen Dayal, Jami Masjid in Gulbarga, Karnataka, India, 1880, photographic print British Library The most monumental of all courtly structures at the capital are the elephant stables that housed the ceremonial elephants used by royalty. The Bahmani rulers except Berar combined to inflict a crushing defeat on Vijayanagar in the Battle of Talikota or Rakshasa- Tangadi in 1565.