Utilitarianism and drug legalization. The Legalization of Drugs: For & Against 2022-11-03

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Utilitarianism is a philosophical approach to ethics that holds that the right course of action is the one that maximizes overall happiness or well-being. This approach can be applied to the question of drug legalization in a number of ways.

One argument in favor of drug legalization from a utilitarian perspective is that it would reduce the harm caused by the illegal drug trade. Drug trafficking and distribution is often controlled by criminal organizations, which can lead to violence, corruption, and other negative consequences. Legalization would remove the profit motive for these organizations and allow for the regulation and control of drug production and sales, potentially reducing the negative effects associated with the illegal drug trade.

Additionally, the criminalization of drug use disproportionately affects marginalized and low-income communities, leading to a disproportionate number of arrests and convictions for drug offenses. Legalization could reduce the burden on the criminal justice system and allow resources to be redirected towards more effective methods of addressing drug use and addiction.

On the other hand, opponents of drug legalization may argue that the negative consequences of drug use, such as addiction and health problems, outweigh the potential benefits of legalization. They may also argue that legalization would lead to an increase in drug use and related problems.

However, a utilitarian approach would also consider the well-being of those who use drugs and may be helped by legalization. For example, the ability to access and use drugs in a safe and controlled environment could potentially reduce the risks of overdose and other health problems. Legalization could also allow for the development of harm reduction strategies, such as the distribution of clean needles to reduce the spread of diseases like HIV.

In conclusion, the question of drug legalization is complex and multifaceted, and a utilitarian approach would weigh the potential costs and benefits of legalization on overall happiness and well-being. While there are valid concerns about the negative consequences of drug use, the potential benefits of reducing harm caused by the illegal drug trade and improving the well-being of drug users should also be considered.

Utilitarianism and Drugs

utilitarianism and drug legalization

Husak argues that legal moralism fails, and with it the attempts to justify imprisoning drug users because of health and well-being, protecting children, or reducing crime. Choose a contemporary moral issue in our society course materials and apply the ethical principle of Utilitarianism to approve this moral issue. They feel society must acknowledge the now-illegal narcotics as it has with alcohol and tobacco. Therefore, high rates of marijuana use among teenagers may be particularly detrimental. Hence, the moral substance of an accomplishment is entirely dependent on its complete input to the utility. Instead, Kant examines our motives to determine the permissibility of our actions.

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Utilitarianism on drug legalization

utilitarianism and drug legalization

This payment is carried by the money of the U. Consequently, since legalization of cannabis will lead to easier access on the legal market, more people will be able to use it and be happy, thus, legal marijuana is not immoral and is right. Drug laws were supposedly created for the good of society, but the prohibition of drugs only serves to cause problems, violence, and unrest. A Those on the other side of the drug legalization debate maintain that mainstream acceptance of marijuana will lead to an increase in use and thus an increase in marijuana addiction, particularly because marijuana potency has steadily increased over the past 30 years. His position amounts to drug decriminalization with skepticism toward making drug production and sale illegal.

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SOLUTION: Utilitarianism And Legalization Of Drug Use Exam

utilitarianism and drug legalization

Douglas Husak makes a compelling case against punishing drug users. Begin to look at the world around you. Both sides of the controversy are confident with the credibility and effectiveness of their respective arguments, making it necessary for society to ask itself whether legalization of narcotics is a realistic alternative to current prohibition and the war on drugs or if legalization would result in more negative consequences than positive. In addition, marijuana use is legal in the US territory of Guam, and medical marijuana is legal in 34 states. I will also explore the moral and ethical views for legalizing marijuana.

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Utilitarianism and Marijuana opportunities.alumdev.columbia.edu

utilitarianism and drug legalization

Although Johnny might choose heroin use, his objective interest is for future motivation and ambition that is not harmed by heroin use. Drug dealers in the United States contact drug dealers in Mexico, and vice versa, to cross the drugs between borders illegally. Illegal drugs are smuggled into the United States. Does marijuana have any health benefits? As witnessed in many of the lessons provided during class, the war on drugs seems to be a moot point. The theory of utilitarianism perfectly applies to the issue of marijuana legalization, since generally it is able to justify marijuana usage and support the adherents of cannabis legalization. Utilitarianism is a type of consequentialism theory that asserts that the action is morally good or bad or its consequences Driver 2009. Certainly not for those imprisoned.

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Utilitarianism: The Role Of Legalization Of Drugs In...

utilitarianism and drug legalization

De Marneffe's "burdens principle" seems to hold the whole society hostage to the objective liberty interests of one individual. Section A Post a 2- to 3-paragraph evaluation of the interview techniques used in both interviews. Contrarians may claim that decriminalizing drugs will inevitably lead individuals to try harder and more dangerous drugs. Marijuana is already readily available throughout the United States and the United States government is not benefitting from its availability; it is in fact suffering because marijuana is a black market item. Douglas Husak questions the justification for punishing persons who use drugs such as marijuana, heroin, and cocaine. There are many claims used against drug legalization, such as, moral degradation, crime, the destruction of inner cities; along with families, diseases, such as AIDS, and the corrupting of law enforcement.


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Utilitarianism and Drug Legalization

utilitarianism and drug legalization

Utilitarianism approach to morality quantitative and reductionistic Utilitarianism can be contrasted with deontological ethics - focuses on the action itself rather than its consequences In general use the term utilitarian often refers to a somewhat narrow economic or pragmatic viewpoint. His belief is that "We have thousands and thousands of people lying to doctors, saying they have a debilitating medical condition. Husak contends that punishing adults or youth, far from protecting youth, puts them at greater risk. Of course, there are many other potential harms of marijuana usage, however, they all are caused by either heavy usage or abuse. Moreover, activists maintain that decriminalization will help address the disproportionately high jail time and number of drug-related arrests among Black and brown people.

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The Legalization of Drugs: For & Against

utilitarianism and drug legalization

However, marijuana involves much more crimes by being illegal Levinson 2003. The Legalization of Drugs , appearing in the series "For and Against" edited by R. Mill, by contrast, implies that there is usually only one permissible action available. This argument definitely suffers from some serious limitations. For this reason, it is appropriate to evaluate drug legalization from the utilitarian perspective to estimate the ratio between its possible negative and positive effects. This paper argues whether prohibition of drugs maximize utility or not. Comparison with Satisficing Consequentialism: Mill says that for an action to be permissible it must have the best consequences.

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The Effects of Drug Legalization

utilitarianism and drug legalization

Even though the government has some legal uses for marijuana, I think if it was legal they could make a lot more money if they had complete control over the distribution. Utilitarianism theory may be interpreted in a way that damages the morality of marijuana legalization; however, these arguments are not sufficient enough to overweight the justification of legal cannabis. Rule Consequentialism: Act consequentialist theories e. Happiness is defined as a state of pleasure without pain, and unhappiness is an opposite state. The identified effects will be long-lasting and certain because evidence shows that marijuana use reduces suffering in patients with chronic pain Webb and Webb 111. Drug use of one of the social problems facing the modern Americans society. To argue for drug decriminalization, as Husak does, is not necessarily to argue for legalization of drugs.

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Legalization of Recreational Marijuana and The Utilitarianism Theory

utilitarianism and drug legalization

When one examines the effects of prohibition, one has to inquire: has the cost been worth it? Research papers can be daunting. The economy of the United States can be boosted by legalizing these drugs and reducing smuggling of these drugs to an extent, where they do not affect the economy of the country. In terms of Deontology, Johnson briefly touches on the virtues and vices of viewing marijuana like we view alcohol. Chapter one describes our present drug policies and laws and raises questions to answer whether these are just or unjust and offers his position of decriminalization as a more ethical approach to drug use. Learn more Principle of Utility: Effects of Drug Criminalization In general, utilitarianism suggests that an action can be morally justified if it leads to a greater number of benefits than harms. Huemer believes that the American government should not prohibit the use of drugs. Propinquity or remoteness: How soon will the pleasure occur? He uses utilitarianism to look at the costs and benefits of legalizing marijuana based on the results from legalizing alcohol.

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