A urinalysis is a laboratory test commonly ordered by healthcare providers to assess the health of a patient. The test involves examining a sample of urine for various physical, chemical, and microscopic characteristics. A urinalysis lab report typically includes a discussion of the results of the test, including any abnormal findings and their possible causes.
One of the main components of a urinalysis is the physical examination, which involves evaluating the appearance, color, and clarity of the urine sample. The normal color of urine can range from pale yellow to amber, depending on the concentration of pigments and other substances present. Abnormal colors, such as red or brown, can indicate the presence of blood or other substances in the urine. Cloudy or turbid urine may be a sign of an infection or the presence of crystals or other substances.
The chemical examination of urine involves testing for various substances, such as glucose, proteins, and ketones. Elevated levels of glucose in the urine may indicate diabetes, while high levels of protein may be a sign of kidney damage or other underlying health conditions. The presence of ketones in the urine may indicate that the body is breaking down fat for energy, which can occur in uncontrolled diabetes or during prolonged fasting.
The microscopic examination of urine involves examining the sample under a microscope to look for the presence of abnormal cells, bacteria, and other substances. The presence of white blood cells, red blood cells, or other abnormal cells may indicate an infection or other underlying health issue. The presence of bacteria in the urine may also be a sign of an infection.
In conclusion, a urinalysis is a valuable tool for assessing the health of a patient. The results of the test can provide important information about the presence of abnormal substances or cells in the urine, which may indicate underlying health issues. It is important for healthcare providers to carefully review the results of a urinalysis and consider any abnormal findings in the context of a patient's overall health and medical history.
How clear the urine is may be reported as clear, slightly cloudy, cloudy or turbid. In conclusion, this study provides evidence that caffeine does not affect heart rate in healthy adults. This is seen in the following conditions. The urine sample can also become contaminated with bacteria, yeast and parasites, especially for people with a vagina. To prevent leakage, circular muscles called sphincters close tightly around the opening of the bladder into the urethra, the tube that allows urine to pass outside the body.
The immune system of a 3-week old infant is immature with limited antibody production. Most importantly our kidney. Yeast cells or parasites Such as the parasite that causes trichomoniasis, which means an infection of the urinary tract. Observe the test tubes, looking for color and clarity of the urine samples. Urine clarity refers to how clear your urine sample was. A high urine pH may indicate conditions including kidney issues and a urinary tract infection UTI. Research: The urinalysis is a set of screening tests that can detect some common diseases.
In some cases, your provider may examine the sample immediately and run dipstick tests on it. As for specific gravity, the normal range is 1. The disadvantages of urinalysis test are the use of urine dipstick is not always accurate due to the lifespan of the dipstick and cannot exposed to air Emergency Medicine News 2020. The normal pH range for urine is 4-8 and all 3 samples fell into the range, although Abnormal Urine-2 was on the high-side of the sample. He reported injuring his lower back, June 11, 2015 while carrying a desk up the stairs to the second story. Specific gravity The concentration of urine due to dissolved substances is measured using a chemical test. The urine sample was tested and therefore juxtaposed with identical symptoms in order to detect which specific disease is attached to the urine sample.
Urinalysis what is it? The supernatant was removed, and the sediment was left at the bottom of the tube. In this lab report I am going to discuss blood pressure in detail. Does the effect of different chemical reagents identify what type infectious diseases a patient might have? For the clean catch method, your provider will give you a specimen cup, sterile wipes and specific instructions for collecting your urine sample. This means explaining what they mean in terms of the hypothesis or question that you were investigating. If your penis is uncircumcised, first pull back your foreskin to ensure a thorough cleaning. Normal urine color is usually some shade of yellow and can range from colorless or pale yellow to deep amber, depending on how concentrated or diluted watery your urine is. In this example, the student discusses the results of an experiment testing the effects of different concentrations of salt on the boiling point of water.
There will be mixed hemoglobinuria and hematuria. Overview What is a urinalysis? Kidney biopsy is a procedure to remove small pieces of the kidneys tissue for examination; a kidney biopsy is always needed to diagnose… BUS 620 Week 3 DQ 2 On the day of your exam, go to the bathroom ahead of time. Lastly, different cast types can be determined through microscopic analysis such as granular, epithelial, red blood cell, etc. Urinalysis is recommended as a screening or diagnostic test. For example, if you found that a drug did not affect heart rate, you would not say that it means that the drug is safe because further research would need to be done to confirm this.
Blood cells, fats, wax, etc. The pH of urine is used to evaluate UTI, kidney stones, etc. If your experiment had a negative result, you should still explain what happened and why it is important. Certain types of casts may indicate kidney issues, while others are completely normal. Without urinalysis it would be difficult to predict pregnancy and potential drug use.
But cloudiness of urine due to the presence of bacteria or blood cells could indicate an underlying abnormal condition. You should avoid making excuses or trying to justify a negative result. It can include a variety of tests that detect and measure various compounds that pass through your urine using a single sample of urine. Healthy individuals may have hyaline casts in the urine. What tests are included in urinalysis? Cloudy urine due to contaminants is considered normal.
Kidney function and response to treatment may be monitored with the test. The urine culture and sensitivity detects which bacteria patient is infected and which Patient T. The remaining liquid and sediment were mixed. For example the characteristics of a normal urine sample is that the color ranges from pale yellow to deep amber. Sample 1 was tested for the presence of monosaccharide with the use of benedict solution, results showed no changes, which implies that sample 1 has no sugar in it. Most commonly a urinalysis is conducted to check the overall medical health of a patient, monitor certain health conditions such as urinary tract infections or kidney disease and to test for specific medical conditions if a patient is experiencing pain with urination or blood is collected in the sample.
They are detected in urine when the body gets its energy by burning fat due to insufficient carbohydrates. A normal urine sample should not have glucose, protein, blood, ketones and nitrites. Can make this buffer by mixing 24 ml of glacial acetic acid and 7. The urine contains 95% water and 5% solutes like electrolytes sodium, potassium, chloride, and other ions , urea, creatinine, uric acid and metabolic end products…. This waste product can give valuable clues about your general health.
How to write a discussion in a lab report + examples
It could indicate an anomalous metabolic process. Detection of crystals formed from substances that are not normally found in the urine is an abnormal finding. If you have bilirubin in your urine, it may indicate liver or bile duct issues. Test Details How do I prepare for a urinalysis? Proposing further research Finally, in your discussion section, you should propose further research that needs to be done. Urinalysis Lab Report Purpose: This lab will examine the difference between the different samples of urine that have either too much glucose or a strong acidic pH level, to determine the five types of disorders that each sample of urine might have. Methods number Physical Test 1.