The state shall promote comprehensive rural development and agrarian reform. Agrarian Reform Flashcards 2022-10-12
The state shall promote comprehensive rural development and agrarian reform Rating:
The state shall promote comprehensive rural development and agrarian reform. This means that the government has a responsibility to actively work towards improving the lives of people living in rural areas, particularly those involved in agriculture.
Rural development involves a range of efforts to improve the economic, social, and environmental conditions in rural areas. This can include initiatives such as infrastructure development, access to education and healthcare, and support for small businesses and cooperatives. By investing in these areas, the government can help to create more opportunities and a higher quality of life for people living in rural areas.
Agrarian reform, on the other hand, focuses specifically on the distribution and ownership of land. It aims to address issues of landlessness and inequality in land ownership, often through the redistribution of land from large landowners to small farmers. Agrarian reform can also involve measures to improve the productivity and sustainability of agricultural land, such as providing access to credit and training for farmers.
The state has a crucial role to play in promoting comprehensive rural development and agrarian reform. By investing in these areas, the government can help to reduce poverty and inequality, and create more inclusive and sustainable communities. At the same time, it is important for the government to consult with and involve local communities in the planning and implementation of these initiatives, to ensure that they meet the needs and priorities of the people they are intended to benefit.
Overall, the state's promotion of comprehensive rural development and agrarian reform is an important step towards building a more equitable and prosperous society. By addressing the needs and challenges of rural communities, the government can help to create a brighter future for all its citizens.
716 Agrarian reform The State shall promote comprehensive rural development and
Ideally the purpose of the encomienda system is for the encomienderos to protect the natives and further introduce them into Catholic faith in exchange for tribute from the natives. This is the selling of the Panay Island to the ten Bornean datus in exchange for a golden salakot and a long gold necklace. The Agrarian Reform Programs was also labeled as "revolutionary" by some sectors because it was pursued under Martial Law and intended to make quick changes without going through legislative or technical processes and another reason is that it was the only law in the Philippines ever done in handwriting. Some of them are awarded to the Spanish military as reward for their service also known as repartiamentos , and to the other Spaniards known as encomienderos to manage and have the right to receive tributes from the natives tilling the land also known as encomiendas. Together with the Department of Agricultural Reform DAR , its aim is to plan and program the final acquisition and distribution of all remaining unacquired and undistributed agricultural lands until June 30, 2014.
One of which is the failure in enforcing the installation of some farmer beneficiaries on awarded lands. Through this Commission 28,000 hectares were issued to settlers. RA 6657 or Comprehensive Agrarian Reform Law is an act instituting a comprehensive agrarian reform program to promote social justice and Industrialization, providing the mechanism for its implementation and for other purposes. The State recognizes and promotes the rights of indigenous cultural communities within the framework of national unity and development. The law stipulated that share tenants who worked from a landholding of over 7 hectares could purchase the land they tilled, while share tenants on land less than 7 hectares would become leaseholders. To help speed up litigation, DAR also helped set up the agrarian justice fund for farmer beneficiaries as well as DAR field workers who, due to the nature of the job, are named as respondents in cases filed by recalcitrant landowners.
21 The State shall promote comprehensive rural development and agrarian reform
This law helped protect the tenure rights of tenant tillers and enforced fair tenancy practices. Landlords became richer and powerful while the tenants were deprived of their rights, became poorer and absentee landowners increased. Inking public-private partnerships PPPs develop models of collaboration and business models in AR areas with the participation of the CSOs, academe, research and development institutions and LGUs; 3. It also lowered the ceilings for landholdings to 7 hectares. In 1894, the last Spanish Land Law promulgated in the Philippines was The Maura Law or Royal Decree of 1894. Penalties on noncompliance or undercompliance shall be computed at one-half of one percent 0.
On the other hand, food production was intended for family consumption only at first but later on neighboring communities where engaged in a barter trade, exchanging their goods with others. Quezon: RA 4054 or the Rice Tenancy Law was the first law on crop sharing which legalized the 50-50 share between landlord and tenant with corresponding support to tenants protecting them against abuses of landlords. It acquired a total of 18,247. This gave DAR the original and exclusive jurisdiction over agrarian disputes as quasi-judicial powers. The administration also experienced constant changes in DAR leadership. It was during Diosdado Macapagal that the Agricultural Land Reform Code or RA No. The department then began aggressively to assert its place in national development planning processes to raise DAR's profile both in national and international fora.
Declaration of Principles and State Policies (Article II, Philippine Constitution): Full Text » Philippine e
President Roxas also negotiated for the purchase of 8,000 hectares of lands in Batangas owned by the Ayala-Zobel family. During this administration the Magkabalikat Para sa kaunlarang Agraryo MAGKASAKA which was launched which is directed for the investors to bring in capital, technology and management support while the farmers will contribute, at most, the use of their land itself. Despite all of these, there are challenges that the administration faced during implementation of the program. Critics say that the President could have implemented a genuine agrarian reform program because of her revolutionary powers after People Power I. The following are the strategic directions of the Aquino Administration for the agrarian reform program: To substantially complete asset reform as mandated by R.
Abolished share tenacy and institutionalized leasehold F. He also created the Agricultural Tenancy Commission to administer problems arising from tenancy. Sovereignty resides in the people and all government authority emanates from them. Applied to CARP, Bayan Anihan means a united people working together for the successful implementation of agrarian reform. Cory Aquino- signed the Executive Order 229 149.
During the first year of effectivity of this Act, the total loanable funds generated shall be computed starting from 20 April 2010, the effectivity of Republic Act No. The MAGKASAKA aims to encourage investors to bring investments into the countryside and to enhance the income of the farmers through joint venture schemes and contract growing schemes. Some of the accomplishments achieved during the Aquino administration with regards to the implementation of the Agrarian Reform Programs are the grants and budgetary support from official development assistance ODA circles poured in during this administration. The Landbank of the Philippines LBP and the Development Bank of the Philippines DBP shall continue to promote savings and credit in the rural areas by offering affordable deposit products such as the basic deposit account for deposits and low interest rates for loans. However, this law was hardly implemented because most of the municipal councils were composed of powerful hacienderos and big landlords.
Bayanihan: Better delivery by the government of appropriate support services to ARBs and the mobilization of the ARBs themselves in the transformation of the agrarian reform communities into an agrarian reform zones and into progressive farming. Finally, it emphasized owner-cultivator relationship and farmer independence, equity, productivity improvement and the public distribution of land. There are also other agrarian laws that were introduced during the American era like the First Public Land Act or Act No. Agriculture, Fisheries and Rural Development Financing System. Despite the Agrarian Reform Fund ARF , the administration experienced a major budgetary shortfall due to low remittances from the Asset Privatization Trust and the Presidential Commission on Good Government. There is also the Sugarcane Tenancy Contracts Act of 1933 or Act No.
By law, the land assigned to them was the property of the Spanish King where they pay their colonial tributes to the Spanish authorities in the form of agricultural products that they produce. The Bayan-Anihan Framework has different implementing strategies namely: Salin-Lupa: Accelerating land transfer and improving land tenure. The program benefited 7,466 farmer beneficiaries. Widespread peasant uprising against abusive landlords also continued. This was done by surveying a municipality and presented the result to the land registration court. Abolished share tenancy, institutionalized leasehold, set retention limit at 75 hectares, invested rights of preemption and redemption for tenant farmers, provided for an administrative machinery for implementation, institutionalized a judicial system of agrarian cases, incorporated extension, marketing and supervised credit system of services of farmer beneficiaries. They also saw that the Homestead program could be transformed into a massive resettlement program, if properly implemented.