The nature versus nurture debate. The Debate on Nature vs. Nurture in Mental Health 2022-10-19
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The nature versus nurture debate is a longstanding discussion in psychology that centers around the question of whether human behavior and characteristics are primarily determined by genetics (nature) or by environmental influences (nurture). This debate has important implications for how we understand and approach issues such as mental illness, personality development, and socialization.
On one side of the debate, proponents of the nature perspective argue that genetics play a significant role in shaping who we are and how we behave. This perspective suggests that our genetic makeup influences everything from our physical characteristics to our personality traits and cognitive abilities. Advocates of this view point to research on the heritability of certain traits, such as intelligence and aggression, as evidence for the importance of genetics.
On the other side, proponents of the nurture perspective argue that the environment plays a crucial role in shaping who we are and how we behave. This perspective suggests that our experiences, including the culture and society we are raised in, play a significant role in shaping our behavior and characteristics. Advocates of this view point to research on the impact of upbringing and socialization on personality development as evidence for the importance of environmental influences.
It is important to note that the nature versus nurture debate is not a binary one, and most experts agree that both genetics and the environment play a role in shaping human behavior and characteristics. While genetics may influence certain traits and characteristics, the environment can interact with and influence those genetic predispositions in complex ways. For example, research has shown that genetics may influence the likelihood of an individual developing certain mental illnesses, but environmental factors, such as stress or trauma, can also play a role in the development of these conditions.
One way to think about the nature versus nurture debate is to consider the role of both genetics and the environment in a dynamic interplay. Rather than seeing these factors as mutually exclusive, it may be more useful to consider how genetics and the environment interact and influence one another. This view is known as the "nature x nurture" perspective, which suggests that both genetics and the environment play a role in shaping who we are and how we behave, and that the relative influence of these factors may vary depending on the specific trait or characteristic being considered.
Ultimately, the nature versus nurture debate has important implications for how we understand and approach issues such as mental health, personality development, and socialization. While it is clear that both genetics and the environment play a role in shaping human behavior and characteristics, a better understanding of the specific ways in which these factors interact and influence one another can help us better understand and address these complex issues.
Essay on Nature vs Nurture Debate
The same goes for populations of bacteria, clonal fish, and inbred flies and mice. They found this interaction could potentially bias gene-behaviour correlations obtained from family studies. However, this does not determine the ability to predict the outcomes or patterns of the individual. When we look at dictators like Hitler or Stalin we see their destructive decisions. Can all the factors that measure the role of genetics in a drug or alcohol habit be quantified and qualified? Various types of psychologist have analyzed the study of identical twins.
Thomas' Hospital in London, researchers concluded that a sense of humor is a learned trait influenced by family and It's Not "Versus," It's "And" So, is the way we behave ingrained before we're born, or does it develop over time in response to our experiences? In simplest terms, some scientists believe people behave as they do according to genetic predispositions or even "animal instincts," which is known as the "nature" theory of human behavior, while others believe people think and behave in certain ways because they are taught to do so. We have come a long way since then, but where exactly are we now? The chromosome that have been inherited also determine what kinds of disease one may or may not have. Introverts can be drawn to quiet settings or activities that don't require too many social interactions, while people that have an innate tendency to be aggressive might look for environments where conflict is likely to occur. In the nature vs. How do children develop their personalities? Nurture affects a person more because identical and fraternal twins raised apart have different personalities, underprivileged kids score lower on tests, our knowledge is determined by our experience, not biology. Bing Lang received his Ph. Historically, the nature side of the debate has been weaponised to oppress minorities and justify systemic inequalities.
Schizophrenia: a classic battle ground of nature versus nurture debate
A child who was adopted into a functional family was only 12% at risk of showing criminal behavior in their adulthood. Extreme positions can also be used to support harmful social policies or attitudes. Each person Nature Vs. . He is currently a full professor in Psychiatry and Honorary Consultant Psychiatristwith National Health Services Grampian, Scotland, UK.
These chromosomes are what determines if a baby is born with blue or brown eye, straight or curly hair, tall or short. A child who was adopted into a functional family was only 12% at risk of showing criminal behavior in their adulthood. I was raised in a different environment than my older brother was. Researchers on both sides of the "nature versus nurture" debate agree that the link between a gene and behavior is not the same as cause and effect. The more things that I had seen around and experienced made me the person that I am today. There is also tabula rasa, known as blank slate. Are behavior, personality, and mental health a nature or a nurture thing? Nature versus nurture has been a debate that involves human behavior, and determiners whether it has to do with the environment one is born in or something that was inherited.
Similar studies were done with children who had biological parents who had a criminality history. Nurture: How Are Personalities Formed? Nurture has to do with culture, experience, and environment that can influence a person. Nurture in Twins If genetics didn't play a part in the development of our personalities, then it follows that fraternal twins reared under the same conditions would be alike regardless of differences in their genes. Nurture Debate parents use authoritarian methods and punishment. Nature versus nurture has been a debate that involves human behavior, and determiners whether it has to do with the environment one is born in or something that was inherited. Those gene expression differences, in turn, seemed to correlate with differences in a variety of traits, especially those associated with immune and hormonal processes. When first introduced to this topic, I initially leaned towards nurture, believing the environment in which a person grows up has the greatest influence on their personality Nature Vs Nurture Debate How is the nature vs nurture debate related to a consideration of the mental disorder, schizophrenia? For example, Applied Behaviour Analysis therapy has been used to forcefully teach autistic children how to behave in a neurotypical way, disregarding the biological differences that make them behave the way they do.
He joined the Department of Psychiatry, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University in 2017 and was awarded a professorship. This suggests that tolerance for spicy foods is not highly heritable. On the other side of the debate, we have the empiricist view. If a child has a genetic predisposition to be smart and comes from a wealthy background, they might be given more opportunities to develop from early on in their development. The evidence for this kind of adaptive role for noise in the development of more complex organisms is less clear-cut. Accessed February 9, 2016. Nature vs Nurture In regards to the nature vs.
We now have a firm grasp of the broad structure of the genetic architecture and several key environmental risk factors have been identified and delineated. Jose Ortega Y Gassett. Since the biblical era to now the issue is still widely debated and even more so relevant right now than it ever has been. Many questions have been asked in the cultural, scientific, philosophical, and mental health fields. In a nutshell, the environmental consequences of our behaviour will either weaken or strengthen our behaviours in the future. Nurture to me is greater than nature.
Accessed February 10, 2016. We are born with 46 chromosomes that we inherit from each of our parents. The family studies demonstrate that there are aspects of personality and behaviour that are heritable, as shown by heritability coefficients. In 2013, they found that randomness in the mechanisms that wire certain neurons together produced variation in circuit patterns in the brains of genetically identical flies. NPR juxtaposes how earnestly and universally the Republican candidates for the 2016 United States presidential election talk about addiction as a disease that needs treatment, compared to presidents from the 1980s and 1990s, who, riding on a wave of being tough on crime and launching the War on Drugs, spoke of addiction in terms of crime and punishment. This process is called neuroadaptation, and it does not need a genetic marker to happen. The genome-environment interaction can also occur in the opposite direction.