Thamirabarani river map. Thamirabarani will be only in maps: Court 2022-11-08
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The Thamirabarani River is a major river in the South Indian state of Tamil Nadu. It originates in the Western Ghats mountain range and flows eastward through the city of Tirunelveli before emptying into the Bay of Bengal. The river is named after the Tamil word "Thamiram," which means "copper," as the river was once known for its abundant deposits of copper.
The Thamirabarani River has a length of about 245 kilometers and is fed by several tributaries, including the Pachaiyar, Hanumannadhi, Chittar, and Manimuthar rivers. It is an important source of irrigation and drinking water for the region, and its waters are used for a variety of purposes, including agriculture, industry, and hydroelectric power generation.
The Thamirabarani River flows through a number of cities and towns, including Tirunelveli, Palayamkottai, and Ambasamudram, and it is an important economic and cultural center for the region. The river is also home to a number of important temples, including the famous Papanasam Sivan Temple, which is located on the banks of the Thamirabarani.
Despite its importance, the Thamirabarani River has faced several challenges in recent years. The river has been plagued by pollution, primarily due to the dumping of industrial and domestic waste into its waters. This has had negative impacts on the quality of the water and the health of the local population. In addition, the river has faced challenges due to over-extraction of water for irrigation and other purposes, which has led to reduced flows and caused environmental degradation.
To address these challenges, the government of Tamil Nadu has implemented a number of measures, including the creation of sewage treatment plants and the implementation of stricter regulations on water extraction and pollution. These efforts have helped to improve the health of the Thamirabarani River and ensure that it continues to serve as a vital resource for the region.
Overall, the Thamirabarani River is an important natural and cultural feature of Tamil Nadu. Its waters provide vital resources for the region and its banks are home to a number of important temples and other cultural landmarks. While the river has faced challenges in recent years, efforts are being made to address these issues and ensure that the Thamirabarani River remains a vital and healthy resource for the people of Tamil Nadu.
About the Thamirabarani River along with its Tributaries
The Thamirabarani River also spelt Tamaraparani, Tamiraparani, or Thamiravaruni originates from the famous Agastyarkoodam peak in the hills of the Western Ghats above Papanasam in the Ambasamudram taluk and flows through Tirunelveli and Tuticorin districts of the Tamil Nadu state of southern India. Due to the mixing of germs,harmful alloys,factory wastes in the river,the Tamirabharani river is heading towards destruction. List of dams across Thamirabarani river: 1. Originating at an altitude of 1725 m. The hotels,factories and hospitals on the banks of the river are dumping their hazardous wastes in the river.
Fisheries in Sri Lanka: anthropological and biological aspects, Volume 1. Tan Porunai has many name variations, including Tamparani, Tamraparni, and Tamraparni. Also known as Tambraparni, this river originates from the Arrival Hills of Papanasam taluk in the Thanjavur district of Tamil Nadu. The Chithar empities itself into the Tamiraparani in Sivalapperi Village. The river is feed by its tributaries as well as by monsoons.
If the sewage is diverted,the breeding of mosquitoes will stop. The river also poses as a breeding ground for mosquitoes as the sewage mixes in the river. வடக்கு கோடைமேழளகியான் கால்வாய் 2. Many rivers have been saved due to community projects undertaken by the people. The river drains with its tributaries an area of about 4400 sq. He further discussed the similarity of the name Tamiraparani and of the old name of the present Sri Lanka which was called in olden days as Tambrabane and tried to find out the political, cultural and anthropological intercourse of the land of the river with that island.
After bifurcation, the river traverses the two districts of Tirunelveli and Tuticorin before joining the Gulf of Mannar of the Bay of Bengal at Punnaikayal in Tiruchendur taluk of Thoothukkudi district. மோட்சத்தை அடையக் கடுந்தவம் புரிந்த முனிவர்களின் ஆசிரமத்தில் இருந்த தாமிரபரணியின் பெருமையை உனக்கு நினைவுபடுத்துகிறேன் என்று ஒரு முனிவர் தர்மனைப் பார்த்துச் சொல்வதாக ஒரு பாடல் உண்டு. Retrieved 10 December 2015. This created the canal and gave it its sacred name. Tambapanni and Tamra- parni are in fact the Prakrit and Sanskrit rendering of Tamil "Tān Porunai" Champakalakshmi 1967—68. The river is joined by its headwater tributaries Peyar, Ullar, Pambar before it flows into the Kariyar Dam reservoir, where it meets Kariyar.
Now, this river also poses a danger of being polluted due to plastic waste. The steps taken hereafter, should be proactive and not improvident. Origin of Tamiraparani The Tamiraparani originates from the peak of the Periya Pothigai hills of the Western Ghats above Papanasam in the Ambasamudram taluk. Indian Institute of Science. இது பொதிகை மலையில் உள்ள மூலிகைகளின் நற்குணங்களையும் கொண்டுள்ளது.
These rivers join the Tamiraparani and enrich its course before it reaches the plains. Retrieved 8 March 2012. Then comes the Gadananathi, which joins the Tamiraparani at Tiruppudaimaruthur. It is the most stable stream. Because the majority of its enormous catchment regions are in the Western Ghats, the river benefits fully from the monsoons, making it perennial.
Satellite map of Thamirabarani River, India. Latitude: 8.5887 Longitude: 77.2687
The first tributary which enriches the water of the Tamiraparani in the plains on the right side is the Manimuthar. Perspectives in archaeology: Leelananda Prematilleke Festschrift, 1990. The Tamirabarani river is referred to in anicient Sangam and Tamil texts. It flows through the Tirunelveli and Tuticorin districts of Tamil Nadu before emptying into the Gulf of Mannar near Tuticorin, around 100 miles southeast of Madurai. In that asylum the gods had undergone penances impelled by the desire of obtaining salvation" Geographical Notes: The Tamiraparani originates from the peak of the Periya Pothigai hills of the Western Ghats above Papanasam in the Ambasamudram taluk. Retrieved 8 March 2012. It is fed by both the monsoons — the south west and the north-eastern and is seen in full spate twice a year if the monsoons do not fail.
The stream flows through Tirunelveli and Palayamkottai before joining its major feeder, the Chithar Chitranathi , which rises in the Kutralam hills and receives water from the streams Gundar, Hanumanathi, and Karuppanathi. Of these the first seven anaicuts were constructed during the period of ancient and medieval rulers and the last anaicut namely the Srivaikundam anaicut was constructed and completed by the British in 1869. There are two Hanumanathis in the district. The meaning and origin of the name Tamiraparani is reasoned out differently. பாபநாசத்திற்கு மேற்கே ஒரு மைல் தூரத்தில் உள்ள அருவி இதனால் 'கல்யாண தீர்த்தம்' என்று பெயர் பெற்றது. The Gadananadhi has 6 anicuts and a reservoir of 9,970,000 m³, and irrigates 38.
One of the important and affluent tributaries of the Tamiraparani is the Chithar or Chitranathi which arises in the Courtalam hills and receives supply from the rivers Gundar, Hanumanathi and Karuppanathi. The Chittar River flows in the same direction as the Thamirabarani until it meets the main river near Sivalaperi. Major Tributaries Tributaries Origin Joins at Koraiyar Mundanthurai reserve forests Karaiyar Dam Servalar River Mundanthurai reserve forests Papanasam Reservoir Manimuthar River Manjolai hills Aladiyoor Gadananathi River Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve Tiruppudaimaruthur Pachaiyar River Kalakkadu reserve forests Tharuvai Chittar River Kutralam Hills Sivalaperi Ramanathi River Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve Kizha ambur. It is also thought to have been the same river where Lord Rama, Lakshmana, Sita and Hanuman took a bath before meeting Bharatha at Kudanadu. Prior to the bifurcation of the Tirunelveli district, the Tamiraparani was the only major river in Tamilnadu which had its source and end in the same district. It flows through the state along with its 5 tributaries, 3 distributaries and many small streams.
The great river like the Cauvery, but unlike most of the other Indian rivers, is fed by both the monsoons — the south west and the north-eastern and is seen in full spate twice a year if the monsoons do not fail. It gets recognition and is referred to as the renowned one in Sanskrit literature references to which are as old as that of the Puranas and Epics. The river passes through Thoothukudi District, Tirunelveli District and Kanniyakumari District before emptying into the Gulf of Mannar at Pamban Island. Water falling from Coutralam falls is named as Sitraaru Chitra Nadhi in Sanskrit , which is a branch to Tamirabharani is getting polluted by tourists day by day by polythene wastes. அதஸ்யாஸ்னம் நகல்யாக்ரே மலயங்ய தாம்ரபரணம் க்ராஹ ஜிஷ்டாம்த்ரச்யத் அதாவது மலை சிகரத்தில் பொதிகை அமர்ந்தவர் அகத்திய முனிவர். Pachaiyar River has 12 anicuts and irrigates 61. Course and Tributaries From the source to sea, the total length of the river is about 125 km.