The sphenoid bone is a unique bone located at the base of the skull. It is shaped like a butterfly, with wings on either side and a body in the center. The sphenoid bone plays several important roles in the human body.
One of the main functions of the sphenoid bone is to provide support for the brain and the eyes. It is one of the bones that make up the floor of the skull, and it helps to form the base of the brain case. The sphenoid bone also contains several small openings, or foramen, which allow nerves and blood vessels to pass through to the brain.
The sphenoid bone also plays a role in the movement of the jaws. It contains a small joint, called the sphenomandibular joint, which allows the lower jaw to move up and down and side to side. This joint is located near the center of the sphenoid bone and is essential for chewing and speaking.
In addition to its structural functions, the sphenoid bone is also involved in the production of certain hormones. It contains small glands called pituitary glands, which produce hormones that regulate various body functions such as growth, metabolism, and reproductive health.
Despite its importance, the sphenoid bone is not a weight-bearing bone and is not visible from the outside of the body. It is often overlooked in discussions of the human skeleton, but it plays a vital role in the overall functioning of the body.
In summary, the sphenoid bone is a unique and important bone located at the base of the skull. It provides support for the brain and eyes, plays a role in jaw movement, and is involved in the production of hormones. While it may not be as well-known as some other bones in the body, it is an integral part of the human anatomy.
Sphenoid Wing Meningioma
The sella turcica is surrounded by the anterior and posterior clinoid processes. The paired and often asymmetrical sinuses are small or rudimentary at birth but grow as the skull grows. By visiting this site you agree to the foregoing terms and conditions. Other possible factors include a weakened immune system, tooth abscesses, nasal polyps, nasal defects and enlarged adenoids. Learn all about sphenoid sinus disease, symptoms, causes, treatment. At the inferior tip of the medial pterygoid plate is the small hook-shaped process, the pterygoid hamulus.
The medical information on this site is provided as an information resource only, and is not to be used or relied on for any diagnostic or treatment purposes. Did I mention I can BREATHE again!!!! Chemotherapy: what is its role in meningioma? Epub 2011 Nov 7. The CSF surrounds the brain. It allows for the surgical management of pituitary pathology without the need for a more extensive craniotomy. The bacterium responsible for the infection and inflammation is Streptococcus pneumonia. As with the pterygoid process, this is seen either unilaterally or bilaterally, and has been found to occur in about 13% to 16% of people. As with some other variations, this can occur unilaterally or bilaterally.
NYC Sphenoid Sinusitis Symptoms, Treatment, Surgery
It is also housed in the sella turcica. Curr Neurol Neurosci Rep. There are fourteen centers in all, six for the presphenoid and eight for the postsphenoid. These form parts of the infratemporal fossa, which are gaps at the base of the skull that allow nerves and blood vessels to pass through. Articulations The sphenoid is an unpaired bone. World Neurosurgery 125, e48—e59 2019.
Their sides make up the infratemporal surfaces, which are convex in shape, and move backward and to the sides. Please always ask your doctor for personalized diagnosis, evaluation, assessment, treatment and care management plan. They conduct the maxillary nerve, mandibular nerve and middle meningeal vessels respectively. Gregory Levitin was patient and took his time with explaining the steps of the procedure. This information is intended for medical education, and does not create any doctor-patient relationship, and should not be used as a substitute for professional diagnosis and treatment. Like the nasal cavity, the sinuses are all lined with mucus. My balloon procedure greatly improved my ability to breath.
You can also add a couple of drops of eucalyptus essential oil to relieve congestion. This can occur on one side unilaterally or on both sides bilaterally. The primary approach is a procedure called endoscopic transnasal sphenoidotomy, which entails surgically accessing the sphenoid sinus, widening it, and then removing infected portions. Sinuses are air-filled sacs empty spaces on either side of the nasal cavity that filter and clean the air breathed through the nose and lighten the bones of the skull. The major risk factors for higher WHO grade were non skull base location OR 1. If you are reading this review and are even thinking about finally getting some help for this chronic sinus issue and changing your life, then I highly suggest that you contact Dr. General Pathology and Classification There is substantial pathologic variation in the appearance of sphenoid wing meningioma specimens.
Deborah F Dr Levitin is excellent. Breathing much more easily and only had 1 sinus infection since the surgeries. It separates the anterior cranial fossa from the middle cranial fossa. The sinus infections and constant sinus pressure are gone, as is the fluid in my ears that reduced my hearing. He has great bedside manner - kind, patient, confident, gives ample time for any questions. Levitin did a more thorough examination and identified the issue - my narrow nasal passageways. A sphenoidotomy refers to a surgical procedure when the natural ostium of sphenoid sinus is enlarged in varying degrees.
If you suffer from repeated bouts of sinusitis, it is a good idea to keep a humidifier in the house. Elena García-Garrigós, Juan José Arenas-Jiménez, Irene Monjas-Cánovas, Javier Abarca-Olivas, Jesús Julián Cortés-Vela, Javier De La Hoz—Rosa, Maria Dolores Guirau-Rubio. Place the compress over the eyes, nose, cheeks and jaw area. In the past, radiation therapy was reserved for malignant meninigomas or for recurrences. Sphenoid sinusitis is an inflammation-related condition that can create uncomfortable symptoms and headache. The main symptom of sinusitis is a throbbing pain and pressure around the eyeball, which is made worse by bending forwards. Notably, too, the foramina gaps and the fissures of the sphenoid bone allow passage of important nerves and vessels in and out of the skull.
Imaging, which included CT brain, MRI brain, and CT sinuses, demonstrated hyperdense soft-tissue opacification of the right frontal, sphenoid sinuses, and ethmoidal air cells with corresponding decreased T2 signal and osseous erosive changes involving medial orbital wall with soft tissue extending to the orbital apex. Although the sphenoid sinuses are less frequently affected, infection in this area can cause earache, neck pain, or an ache behind the eyes, at the top of the head, or in the temples. Image-guided sphenoidotomy in revision functional endoscopic sinus surgery. This occurs especially in winter and can be treated with the use of humidifiers. The processes contain two canals known as the pterygoid canal and palatovaginal canal. Republishing of its contents, without Product Trademarks All brands, trademarks, service marks, logos, product labels and packing images displayed on this website, are registered to the respective owner. This type of meningioma shows even greater mitosis, necrosis, and invasion of brain parenchyma.