Social and cultural impact of british rule in india. Social and Cultural Development in India During British Rule 2022-11-03
Social and cultural impact of british rule in india
The British rule in India, which lasted from the 18th to the mid-20th century, had a significant social and cultural impact on the country. The British colonial government implemented various policies and reforms that shaped the social and cultural landscape of India in significant ways.
One of the major impacts of British rule was the introduction and spread of Western education in India. The British established a network of schools and colleges that provided access to modern education to a small but influential segment of the Indian population. These institutions played a key role in shaping the intellectual and cultural landscape of India by introducing ideas and values of the Western world. They also created a class of educated Indians who were exposed to Western ideas and values and played a significant role in shaping the course of Indian history.
Another major impact of British rule was the introduction of the English language in India. The British made English the official language of the colonial government and the language of education in the country. As a result, a large number of Indians became fluent in English, which became the lingua franca of the country. English also played a crucial role in shaping the intellectual and cultural landscape of India by providing access to a vast body of knowledge and ideas from the Western world.
British rule in India also had a significant impact on the social structure of the country. The British introduced the caste system, which was a hierarchical system of social stratification based on ancestry and occupation. The caste system, which was not prevalent in India before the British arrived, became deeply entrenched in the social fabric of the country and continues to have a significant impact on the lives of Indians today.
In addition to the social and cultural impacts of British rule, the British also had a significant economic impact on India. The British introduced a number of economic policies that shaped the economic landscape of the country. They implemented a system of land revenue collection that was designed to extract maximum profits from the Indian economy. The British also established a number of industries in India, which provided employment opportunities to a large number of Indians.
In conclusion, the British rule in India had a significant social and cultural impact on the country. The introduction and spread of Western education and the English language, the introduction of the caste system, and the economic policies implemented by the British all played a role in shaping the social and cultural landscape of India. While the British rule in India had some positive impacts, it also had negative consequences, including the exploitation of the country's resources and the suppression of Indian culture and traditions.
Positive And Negative Effects Of British Rule In India
Besides education western models and English pattern were followed in the social etiquette, dress, eating habits, dwelling units, awareness in the public and hygiene, new modes of entertainment etc were penetrated deep into the Indian way of life and society. Rule of Law: The British brought about a great impact on the judiciary in India. Negative impact of British rule in India Britain created dependency by destroying Indian industries When Britain took over, they forced local governments to import goods rather than create their own. It was this intercourse of the two societies which gave towering position to the military commanders and subordinated the priestly class to them. It was a different case for Islam. In order to answer my research question I have used encyclopaedias and essays from the internet, books and already done study cases. Also, exports of raw materials were popular.
Impact of British Rule in India: Economic, Political, Social
British Raj fall affected India economically and still is affecting. This effort went a long way in building India a nation. India gained independence from the British Raj in 1947. Also there is Sudras a caste which is the lowest class and they are untouchable because they are considered as nothing, just sand. The scenario was similar in Bombay, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu and other parts of India. In the 17th and 16th centuries, India had thriving cloth, metal, and carpentry industries that fell into disarray. Thus, the British policy had made Indian commerce dependent on bloc politics.
British Language And Culture Changing Customs In India History Essay
Positive Aspects of Judiciary under the British : i. ADVERTISEMENTS: The first torch-bearer of Indian cultural renaissance was Raja Rammohan Roy. However, it is impossible to let aside the progress and advancement of the Indian economy that the British rule brought about to the country. Education: One of the greatest contribution of the British rule in India was the introduction of the western education in the, country. Telephones: Telephone was introduced in India in 1881. British made a base for nationalism which arose and made huge conflict between two major religious groups in India. It was the beginning of nationalism.
British Social and Cultural Policy in India
Rather they were sticking to their policy of non-interference in social affairs. In India, a financial, legislative and administrative centralisation of the Government was envisaged. The rising industrial interests wanted to make India a big market for their goods and therefore required partial modernisation and transformation of Indian society. The British conquered all these states one after another and established an empire in India. Emergence of New Classes: As a result of the British policy there emerged in the agrarian sector new social classes. What was the British social and cultural policy in India? The development of national industry was artificially retarded. It brought about a break with the past.
The British Raj’s Social and Institutional Impact on Indian Society
Similar issues led to the major economic changes throughout India over the course of the years, resulting in the failure of a large number of Indian businesses as well as further famines. This alternate reality, created as a smoke screen to conceal coloniser oppression, tyranny, and exploitation, serves as a mask. Today is becoming more individualistic society and examples are going to be mentioned in further reading. However, the British rule ruined the basic economic structure of India. Numerous initiatives that the British implemented changed Indian cultural and social norms. Human rights: India is one of the countries in which this theme is spoken mostly.
Social and Economic Impact of British Rule in India
Thus, the constitutional position of the British territories in India was defined explicitly for the first time. Drain of Wealth : The greatest impact of British policies was the drain of wealth from India. But the missionaries not only took the initiative in spreading European education, but also forced the Government to encourage knowledge of English literature and European sciences. Here also they conferred the proprietary rights upon the landholders. The colonial policy of the British Crown became a hardship for millions of Indians.
How the British influenced Indian culture
But at the end they were those who lost chance for improving their education this was one of the reasons why conflicts could not be solved. This benefited the few who could adapt to or understand British legal principles: namely Europeans in India, and some well-connected Indians. Desai, The Cambridge Economic History of India Vol. These Adalats Were Placed Under The Collector And Had Hindu Law Applicable For Hindus And The Muslim Law For Muslims. Inspector-general as the head in a province, deputy inspector-general as the head in a range, and SP as the head in a district. The Charter Act of 1833 : I. European subjects were also brought under jurisdiction.
Socio Cultural Impact Under The British Rule
Under the British Crown, India experienced positive and negative aspects of a new way of life, where the traditions played an essential role. The figure comes from Amitav Ghose, a famous Indian novelist with a PhD in History. We have lost confidence in ourselves as a result of the British influence. Efficiency and productivity of Indian agriculture, under the British raj, can be explained by the progress, encouraged by the British government. The Cambridge Economic History of India, vol. ADVERTISEMENTS: After 1813, measures were taken to transform Indian society and its cultural environs because of the emergence of new interests and ideas in Britain of the nineteenth century in the wake of significant changes in Europe during the 18th and the 19th centuries.
Impacts of British Imperialism in India
The British followed a policy of non-interference in the social, religious and cultural life of the fellow Indian till 1813 AD. Prior to colonialism, India was a fragmented collection of kingdoms and principalities, each with its own distinct political culture. This policy was duel because Indian peasants suffered, and the others derived profit from it. Lower casts tried to act the behaviour of higher caste people. The coal mines were also worked in a big way. The text-message is an evidence of what we popularly believe about our history and also of how credulous we are! Also, we cannot find physical evidence of their psyhcological influence if we study and research the present. The animosity between Hindus and Muslims is the result of this strategy.
Social and Cultural Development in India During British Rule
Proceeding from the book, one sees that East-India Company included several trade communities in some European countries. The success of the Indian market in the context of international trade lies in its competitive ability: for many years, the British-Indian trade pushed other countries off from the world market. The police was also used to suppress the national movement. India is also the birth place of several religious systems such as Hinduism, Jainism, Buddhism, and Sikhism, some of which have had a large influence in other parts of the world. For a variety of reasons, however, the urban centers had almost all entered a period of stagnation or decline when the British arrived in India as sea-borne traders, establishing their mercantile toeholds on the fringes of the Mughal empire. Parliamentary Debates, Watt, George.