Research theories of management and leadership. Case Study: Theories Of Management And Leadership 2022-10-15
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Management and leadership are two distinct but closely related concepts that are crucial for the success of any organization. Management is the process of planning, organizing, and controlling the activities of an organization in order to achieve specific goals. Leadership, on the other hand, is the ability to influence and motivate others to achieve a common goal. Both management and leadership are essential for the smooth functioning and growth of an organization, and research in these areas has led to the development of various theories that seek to explain and understand these concepts.
One of the earliest and most influential theories of management is the classical theory, also known as the bureaucratic theory. This theory, developed in the early 20th century, emphasizes the importance of a clear hierarchy, rules and regulations, and a division of labor in achieving efficiency and productivity. According to this theory, managers should have a clear understanding of their roles and responsibilities, and they should focus on coordinating and controlling the activities of their subordinates. The classical theory also emphasizes the importance of rationality and objectivity in decision-making, and it advocates for the use of scientific methods to optimize organizational processes.
Another important theory of management is the human relations theory, which emerged in the 1930s as a reaction to the strict, hierarchical approach of the classical theory. This theory emphasizes the importance of human interactions and the role of social and psychological factors in influencing organizational behavior. According to this theory, managers should focus on creating a positive work environment that fosters teamwork, communication, and collaboration. This can be achieved by involving employees in decision-making, providing opportunities for professional development, and recognizing and rewarding their contributions.
In contrast to the classical and human relations theories, the contingency theory of management asserts that there is no one-size-fits-all approach to managing an organization. Instead, the most effective managerial style and approach will depend on the specific context and circumstances of the organization. This theory emphasizes the importance of flexibility and adaptability in management, and it encourages managers to analyze the current situation and choose the most appropriate course of action based on the unique needs and constraints of the organization.
Leadership theories, on the other hand, seek to understand and explain the various styles, approaches, and qualities that effective leaders possess. One of the most well-known leadership theories is the trait theory, which proposes that leaders possess certain inherent traits or characteristics that enable them to effectively lead others. According to this theory, leaders are born with certain qualities, such as charisma, intelligence, and confidence, which set them apart from others and make them natural leaders.
Another important leadership theory is the transformational leadership theory, which emphasizes the importance of inspiring and motivating others to achieve a shared vision. Transformational leaders are those who are able to inspire and empower their followers to achieve their full potential. They do this by setting a clear vision, communicating their expectations, and providing support and guidance to their followers. Transformational leaders also encourage their followers to take risks and embrace change, and they foster a culture of continuous learning and improvement.
In conclusion, research on management and leadership has led to the development of various theories that seek to understand and explain these complex and multifaceted concepts. While each theory offers its own unique perspective and insights, it is important to recognize that no single theory can fully capture the complexity and diversity of management and leadership practices in real-world organizations. Instead, a combination of different theories and approaches may be necessary to effectively manage and lead organizations in a rapidly changing world.
Overview of Management Theories
Instead, they believe that successful people of authority are the product of their environment. There will be general respect for the leader or manager at this point. The Situational Leadership Model shows four basic leadership styles: Directing, Coaching, Supporting, and Delegating. Self-actualizers know where they are going in life. They also concentrate on helping people in positions of authority develop their unique leadership style and foster strong moral and ethical principles.
Democratic Participative A democratic style of leadership that focuses on both task and social concerns, delegating control to subordinates and encouraging group discussion and input where appropriate. An amoral leader only calculates yields and personal risks. The trait approach is based on the idea that people with good leadership qualities and analytical skills will be better suited to take on leadership roles while people without these traits should not. Team needs In order to achieve these objectives, the team needs to be held together. To increase their chances of success, it's helpful that they remain flexible, highly resourceful and aware of themselves and the situation.
However, I have also been in the right place at the right time and been in positions where I have had the opportunity to learn from the right people. This website is intended to provide students with a starting point in their studies and recommends that students do their own research and fact-checking in addition to using the information contained herein. Also, the roles I have are in high pressured, busy environments where I thrive so change the environment to a more informal and relaxed one may not gain the bests results from my work ethics and values. At every level, standardization reduces waste and error. Theory of transformational leadership Transformational leadership is a theory that encourages positive changes. Sometimes this role can be combined with that of the Plant. Our writers have several years of experience in writing dissertations and therefore will write the most authentic work that is free from plagiarism.
As the Manager, however, I am ultimately responsible so if it all goes wrong the blame should then fall on me and not the team in entirety. Therefore, productivity depends on proper motivation, group dynamics, personal psychology, and efficient processes. But there is lots of criticism around leadership that is strictly transactional as well. Some of my skills will be transferable into other areas but not all of them. Many aspects of these theories can be applied to help one improve his or her leadership skills.
The Manager then moves into the Participating stage as the team moves into the Norming phase. Kouzes 2007 A successful leader will enhance the welfare of the group, a successful leader is not. The hierarchy shows that once a lower-level need is satisfied, an individual climbs up to the next higher level and satisfies the new needs. This is used to present users with ads that are relevant to them according to the user profile. Lewin noted that laissez-faire leadership tended to result in followers that lacked direction and would blame each other for mistakes, refuse to accept personal responsibility, and produce a lack of progress and work.
Action rather than qualities are the focal points of behavioral learning theory. Autocratic Authoritarian In this style, the leader dictates to the followers what should be done, with little room for discussion. Also, a leader with an effective vision, helps everyone to know what they are doing and why they are doing it. Rather, they can be found in almost every aspect of our daily lives. For example, a leader may generally adopt a democratic leadership style but may switch to an autocratic leadership when dealing with a problematic team member. No matter how challenging the situation may be, a strong-willed leader is able to find inner strength and carry on until he or she overcomes all challenges. In the workplace, this style is often used with a lead-follow approach.
A guide to 8 research theories of management and leadership
They are concepts with actionable advice that can be adopted by many, from executive managers to community leaders and government officials. Essentially, these theories explain how and why people become leaders. Typical traits of successful leaders can include honesty, intelligence and innovation. The trait theory does not consider situational factors as part of its analysis of good and bad leaders and this has been criticized by other theorists who see the importance of studying how different environments influence whether someone can or cannot develop certain qualities. Managers can be classified as having a task-oriented or a people-oriented style. The manager or leader then would progress to a more coaching approach as the team moves into the Storming phase, where they are unsure of making decisions and are vying for their position in the team. The management theory is sometimes called transactional leadership, and focuses on supervision, organization, and group performance.
. DiscussionsPrescriptive theory of leadership Prescriptive theory emphasizes the good leadership as a process calculated from the leader to influence followers to achieve the honor improving social groups. Some organisations also use it to conduct performance evaluations and encourage employees to further develop their competencies. According to this theory, emotional equilibrium, competence, motivational abilities and the ability to recognise obstacles are just some characteristics of leaders. People-oriented managers are good at handling team conflict, building relationships, and facilitating synergy.
1.1 Research theories of management and leadership
This theory looks at the management or leadership style being able to change and develop as the team moves through each of the stages and not be a stagnant style that remains with the leader no matter what. Great team-working skills but tends to avoid conflict. He felt that being able to understand people and imagine how they may react in different situations, made it easier for leaders to manage people. They argued that there is no one way to lead because every situation is different from the others. However, it is worth mentioning that although I have these skills, I would not feel able to be something or someone I am not.