Research paper on motivation theories. Motivation theories in education 2022-10-26
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Motivation theories are a crucial aspect of the field of psychology, as they help to explain why individuals behave in certain ways and how they can be encouraged to perform at their best. These theories attempt to understand the psychological forces that drive behavior, and they can be used to design strategies to motivate people in a variety of settings, including the workplace, educational institutions, and sports teams.
One of the earliest and most influential motivation theories is Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs. According to this theory, human needs are arranged in a hierarchy, with basic physiological needs at the bottom and self-actualization at the top. Maslow argued that individuals are motivated to fulfill their basic needs first, and once those needs are met, they will be motivated to fulfill higher-level needs. For example, if an individual is hungry and has no access to food, their primary motivation will be to find a way to satisfy their hunger. Once that need is met, they may be motivated to find ways to feel safe and secure. This theory can be useful for understanding why certain individuals may be more motivated in certain situations than others, as it takes into account the different needs that individuals may have at different times.
Another well-known motivation theory is Self-Determination Theory (SDT). This theory focuses on the role of three psychological needs – autonomy, competence, and relatedness – in motivating behavior. According to SDT, individuals are more likely to be motivated when they feel that they have control over their own lives and are able to make their own decisions. They are also more likely to be motivated when they feel competent and capable of achieving their goals, and when they feel a sense of belonging and connection with others. This theory can be useful for understanding how to motivate individuals in a way that promotes their overall well-being and happiness.
A third theory that is often used to understand motivation is Expectancy Theory. This theory suggests that individuals are motivated to engage in activities that they believe will lead to desirable outcomes. According to Expectancy Theory, the likelihood that an individual will be motivated to engage in a particular behavior depends on their beliefs about their ability to perform the behavior, the attractiveness of the potential outcomes, and the probability that those outcomes will be achieved. This theory can be useful for understanding how to motivate individuals in the workplace, as it suggests that individuals are more likely to be motivated when they believe that their efforts will be rewarded with desirable outcomes.
In conclusion, motivation theories are an important aspect of psychology that can help to explain why individuals behave in certain ways and how they can be motivated to perform at their best. These theories offer useful insights into the psychological forces that drive behavior and can be applied to a variety of settings to help motivate individuals.
Research of Motivational Theories in Management: [Essay Example], 2593 words GradesFixer
Monstic Theory: Economic Theory of Motivation : ADVERTISEMENTS: This theory suggests that there is a single motivator and that is only money. Motivation describes the level of wish employees feel to perform. Even though the theory predicts behaviour in underpayment conditions, it does not predict overpayment conditions and does not account for individual differences impact upon equity. For example when working in a group, I expect everyone to put input effort, commitment and enthusiasm so we can all receive equal outputs good grades and achievement. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 70, 461-475.
These theories are categorized into several types like: 1. People will exercise self-direction and self-control if they are committed to the objectives. By demonstrating that I have engaged in various activities as part of my University life will not only benefit me, but it will also be highly valued by any potential employers. ADVERTISEMENTS: The criticisms against this theory are: a The assumptions of theory X do not reveal the true nature of human beings. Both the theories are not fully applicable to all situations and all types of human beings.
Mastery-approach goals eliminate retrieval-induced forgetting: The role of achievement goals in memory inhibition. It is a step in the right direction only from the theoretical point of view. This theory is based on the two factor hypothesis i. The dual nature of human beings involving a cruel approach and a human approach from the basis of Theory X and Theory Y. A good salary package and attractive benefits attracted from the sales will be necessary in ensuring maximum productivity is reached.
The findings were based on a study of 200 accountants and engineers in a particular area. These theories were designed while studying the behaviour of workers and what made them work hard. . The postulates of this theory are: a Motivation is more effective and direct when incentives are based on individuals rather than on groups. The role of interest in memory for trivia questions: An investigation with a large-scale database. But this theory was criticized.
Managers should also become involved in the organizational affairs such as working conditions and employee working life. Accordingly, there are different motivational theories that are classified into two categories, and these are the content theories and process theories. Self-control is often indispensible in achieving organisational goals. This can be achieved by creation of smaller deadlines that lead to a bigger result. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 72, 218-232. Additionally,it is important that managers understand that although they may not treat each employee the same, they must treat them fairly. .
Among his top picks are better communication between employees and their managers. However, we observed considerable variability in effect sizes across studies. . Based on these assumptions the recommendations of the theory are: a Management is responsible for organising the elements of production in the interest of economic and social ends. Self-efficacy: Toward a unifying theory of behavioral change.
The use of educational motivation theories is based on the assumption that each and every individual has specific needs concerning learning. The results showed that working on a trivia question task for a reward enhanced memory performance in comparison to a non-reward condition after a delay, but this was the case only for boring trivia questions. Now let's have a look at the assumptions of theory Y that is not applicable in this case because of the fact that employees are not hardworking and not devoted to their work. Such learners are said to have an external control which makes them look at unsuccessful outcomes as failures rather than one-time mistakes and this leads to more lack of motivation. But research in social psychology has also found that extrinsic rewards can sometimes undermine intrinsic motivation when people are engaged in an interesting task.
Finally, the employee would in turn also try to increase the revenue of the company, by doing small tasks such as suggesting small add-ons to your order or just by receiving your queries for how to improve the company and their service. But the problem with this theory is that human actions cannot always be justified by this theory because people tend to eat even when they are not hungry. Extrinsic motivations are external forces beyond the person's control like pay packages, promotion, appraisals etc. There are many different theories which managers employ to motivate the employee. Thereupon comes the need for safety. The Job of a manager is to gauge the proportion of these needs in the employees and then to formulate motivational schemes to be much more effective than if they are formulated at random.
Principles of Management: Motivational Theories Research Paper
. An instructional leader may use intrinsic motivation to create change in people by encouraging them to perform excellently in tasks not only for material rewards, but also to increase their self-esteem. Finally, growth needs entails self-actualization and internal esteem. . All these five hierarchical needs are interrelated.