Qutubuddin aibak. Qutubuddin Aibak Biography, History and Facts 2022-11-01
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Qutubuddin Aibak, also known as Qutb-ud-din Aybak, was a Turkish general and statesman who served as the first Sultan of Delhi in India. He was a slave-soldier, or mamluk, who rose through the ranks to become a powerful military leader and eventually the ruler of a vast kingdom.
Aibak was born in Turkestan (present-day Kazakhstan) in the early 12th century and was brought to India as a slave during the reign of the Ghurid Dynasty. He was eventually freed and rose to become a high-ranking officer in the army of Muhammad of Ghur, the ruler of the Ghurid Empire. Aibak played a key role in several military campaigns and was instrumental in the conquest of several Indian territories.
After the death of Muhammad of Ghur in 1206, Aibak was appointed as the governor of Lahore, a position he held until his own death in 1210. He was also given the title of "Sultan," which made him the ruler of the newly conquered territories in India.
During his reign, Aibak focused on consolidating his power and expanding his kingdom. He conquered several regions, including Gujarat and Rajasthan, and established his capital at Delhi. He also commissioned the construction of several notable buildings, including the Quwwat-ul-Islam Mosque and the Qutb Minar, which still stand today as important historical landmarks.
Aibak was known for his fair and just rule and was admired by his subjects for his generosity and kindness. He was also a patron of learning and encouraged the translation of Sanskrit texts into Persian, which helped to spread knowledge and cultural exchange between India and the Islamic world.
Despite his many accomplishments, Aibak's reign was short-lived, and he died in 1210 while playing polo. He was succeeded by his son Aram Shah, but the throne was soon seized by his former slave and close confidant, Iltutmish, who went on to establish the Mamluk Dynasty in Delhi.
Overall, Qutubuddin Aibak was a significant figure in the history of India and played a crucial role in the establishment of the Delhi Sultanate. His military skills, political acumen, and cultural contributions have made him an enduring symbol of the period of Islamic rule in India.
Who was Qutub
He married his sister to Nasir-ud-din Qabacha. But in fact neither they belonged to one dynasty nor was any of them a slave when they occupied the throne of Delhi. Besides, Qutb-ud-din got very little time as an independent ruler. Aibak came back to Lahore. He could not depend on the loyalty of all his Turkish officers who were jealous of him.
One of his lieutenants, Ikhtiyar-ud-din, conquered Bihar and a part of Bengal. It is pointed out that the character of Muslim rule in India did not charge materially during the reign of Aibak. Mahmud of Ghazni, for example is said to have destroyed 10,000 temples in Kanauj and 1,000 in Mathura, his grandson in Ibrahim 1,000 in Delhi doab and another 1,000 in Malwa. He, therefore, is rightly regarded as the first Turkish Sultan of Delhi. He persuaded most of the Turkish nobles living in Delhi to surrender to him.
ADVERTISEMENTS: Qutab-ud-din Aibak was the real founder of the Turkish dominion in India. Legacy of Qutubuddin Aibak One of the best characteristics of Qutubuddin aibak was loyalty, he never denied a single command of his owner in every expedition he was with him because of his loyalty he was the most trustworthy person of Muhammad ghori. The Mamluk dynasty originated in Northern India by Qutb ud-Din Aibak, a Turkic slave general of the Central Asian Ghurid Empire. When the two armies met there was great carnage; the infidels were sustained by their numbers, the Musulmans by their courage, but in the end the infidels fled, and the faithful were victorious. This is where we see many of his achievements.
According to the information about Qutub Minar by British historians, it was built by Iltumush. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. Muhammad ghori had three important generals, Tajuddin Yalduz , Nasiruddin Qabacha and Qutubuddin aibak. Qutb-ud-din had no legal claim over the throne of Delhi. New Delhi: Aditya Prakashan. He was made governor of Indian Provinces because he was the most loyal slave to ghori meanwhile Tajuddin Yalduz held the region of Afghanistan and Nasiruddin Qabacha held the region of Uchch in Sindh. He was a good diplomat and possessed practical wisdom.
Qutubuddin Aibak was an Indian man who was once enslaved but was able to overcome suppression and become king and founder of Muslim rule in India. He first strengthened his position in Delhi and Lahore. . His religion was also based on force, which is how he converted many men who opposed him. Qutb-ud-din Aibak entered into matrimonial alliances with important personalities. He rendered so valuable services to his master during his Indian expeditions that he was placed in charge of his Indian conquests after the second battle of Tarain in 1192 A. To Iltutmish, he married his daughter.
Biology of Qutbuddin Aibak: Life, Career & Achievements
Aibak's conquests involved the large-scale capture of people as slaves. However he had left his tasks unfinished as he died shortly in 1210 and perhaps could not provide stability to his rule. But he was forced to leave it after forty days when Yildiz reached back there. However, he moved with caution. He decided to keep himself independent and keep his kingdom free from the politics of Central Asia. Babb 25 May 2018.
This mosque was built by destroying the Hindu temple, which was built by Prithvi Raj, and certain parts of the temple were kept intact outside the mosque. Chapter 7 quoting Kamil-ut-Tawarikh, E and D, II, p. When he was informed of this inroad, he collected his forces, and in the year 590 1194 A. In the year 1197 Qutbuddin attacked a place called Anhilwara in Gujarat. He succeeded in putting down Yeldoz and Qubacha, the two contenders for the throne of Delhi. The people of Ghazni invited Yildiz to evict him from the city, and when Yildiz arrived in the vicinity of Ghazni, Aibak panicked and escaped to India via a narrow mountain pass called Sang-i Surkh. Qutubuddin aibak history Firstly in childhood aibak was bought by the local Qazi Magistrate of Persia, After that Muhammad ghori bought him from Persian qazi for his military services then aibak started to work for Muhammad ghori.
What were the major achievements of Qutubuddin Aibak?
ADVERTISEMENTS: When Muhammad Ghori died in 1206 A. In the same year, he helped his master Muhammad Ghori in defeating Jai Chandra the ruler of Kanauj, in the battle of Chandwar. Qutb pacified lands between the Ganges Ganga and Yamuna Jumna gutters from his stronghold in Delhi. A century and a quarter later Ibn Battutah describes the congregational mosque and the Qutb Minar. Mu'izz al-Din's legacy lies in making the country of India into an Islamic nation from a predominantly Hindu one.