Observation and description. Observation and Description of Phenomena 2022-10-28
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Observation and description are two important methods for collecting data and understanding the world around us. Both are integral to the scientific process, as they allow us to gather information about a given phenomenon and make informed conclusions based on that information.
Observation refers to the act of closely watching and studying an object or event in order to gather information about it. This can be done through the use of any of our senses, such as sight, sound, smell, taste, or touch. It is important to be as objective as possible when observing, as personal biases or preconceived notions can influence the accuracy of our observations.
Description refers to the act of providing a detailed account of something, including its characteristics and features. In the scientific context, this might involve describing the appearance, behavior, or other aspects of a particular organism or phenomenon. Like observation, description is an important tool for gathering information and understanding the world around us.
One key aspect of observation and description is the ability to communicate our findings to others. In science, it is important to be able to clearly and accurately describe our observations and conclusions so that others can replicate our experiments and verify our findings. This is why it is important to be as objective and detailed as possible when describing something.
In conclusion, observation and description are essential tools for gathering and understanding information about the world around us. Whether we are conducting scientific experiments or simply trying to understand a particular phenomenon, these methods allow us to gather accurate and detailed information that can help us make informed conclusions.
Observation and Description of Phenomena
Conducting non-participant observation Non-participant observation can be either structured or unstructured. . Describe student interaction with the observed instruction in video 1. And since the world is made of processes — everything is changing, shifting, moving, even if at scales that are imperceptible to human observers plants growing, say, or the sun burning out — our descriptions are at best pale imitations with limited utility. Differences in location may often account for differences in observation. An example of observation is making the statement that a teacher is proficient from watching him teach several times. However, such training may tend to focus the observer's attention onto particular characteristics to the detriment or exclusion of other details.
Lighting should be of sufficient intensity to enable viewing of the lineup. Consequently, these two are usually considered the least reliable of the senses as a basis for interpretation. . Unstructured observation is the opposite of this - it involves the researcher freely noting down whatever they see. The effects of weather and light variations upon observations of individuals are fairly self-evident. .
Observation And Description In The Natural opportunities.alumdev.columbia.edu
However, in almost every case it will be necessary for you to ask questions to develop details considered unimportant by the witness, to assist the witness in While little can be done to influence or mold the observations of witnesses, you can greatly enhance and facilitate the witness' investigative activities through the employment of skillful techniques of questioning witnesses and thereby obtaining from them descriptions of that which they observed. During the years between the prenatal period and eight years of age, and especially in the first three years of life, children undergo rapid development that is highly influenced by the external environment. Events or remarks that are meaningless when seen or overheard by the layman maybe of great significance to the trained and experienced investigator. In the observed classroom, the students are engaged in many activities. Students worked in groups. .
Observation, Description, and Identification by Witnesses
. The Lineup An additional technique of identification is the lineup. If present when the event occurs, you must be able to observe objectively, accurately, and rapidly all essential factors of time, place, persons, objects, and actions involved, as well as the immediate results of the event. For example, a researcher might be disguised as another customer in a shop, or use a one-way mirror. Moreover, non-participant research can be overt. It doesn't require time and resources for the researcher to integrate into an unfamiliar community.
What is the difference between observation and description?
What is an observation using a description? The teacher also ensures that there is participatory learning whereby each student actively participates and contributes to the lesson. For instance, a researcher studying young children's behaviour in classrooms might want to discern how often they speak without raising their hands. . There are several methods of observation that serve different purposes - each with its own sets of advantages and disadvantages. As strange as it might sound, it's important for researchers to not only take note of what the subjects are doing but also what they aren't doing. After measuring out a 60-foot distance on the street, Levine and Norenzayan simply used their stopwatches to measure how long different demographics such as men, women, children, or people with physical disabilities took to walk it. What is the end goal of observation? The type of observational technique to be chosen in a particular study depends on the purpose of the study.
General location and its proximity to such outstanding terrain features and landmarks as roadways, railways, streams, or shorelines. They're each suited to different research purposes, and have different strengths and limitations. Description Some witnesses may be able to give concise and factual accounts of their observations without aid from you. From the description given by a witness, or from a composite of the descriptions given by several witnesses, a skillful artist can often prepare a sketch or portrait that will be of value in locating the subject of interest. . The students are also expected to listen keenly to and strictly follow the directions of the instructor.
You can explain what those observations mean to you or might mean to the reader or why it is important to make such kind of observations. A systematic approach to observation requires a researcher to follow a regular, logical schedule of observation and to conduct focused and neutral observations of the object of study. This is a simple point but we overlook it constantly: descriptions are not the processes they describe. With this sharing, the students can see what the other students have done. There was a good follow-up on what the students have learned when the teacher asked some students about the types of information that they have used to describe the shapes, and what they have discovered when the vertices were connected. The concrete And yet life goes on. It can be overt or covert.
Describe student interaction with the observed instruction in video 2. Identifying number s , marking s , or label s , when present. The description is not the thing. What is the meant by observation? Describe the observed teaching situation in video 2. This gives the student a chance to share their ideas and correct their fellow student. Students were performing the activities in fractions without realizing that they were adding, subtracting, or multiplying numbers to discover equivalent fractions. The teacher has used modeling when she initially demonstrated how to discover the equivalent fractions.
Describe the observed delivery of instruction in video 2. With every observation, we can begin to see how all the pieces fit together to make the whole child. A person's evaluation and interpretation of what that person observes tend to be predetermined by past experience of similar or related occurrences. . The tangram station is challenging because students are required to put the polygons together to form some patterns.
OBSERVATION TECHNIQUES As observation techniques are accomplished through the use of the five senses, sight and hearing are relied upon most often. There were four students in each group. Explain the importance of accurately In police work observation means descriptions to convey to others his or her own observations or the observations of witnesses as reported to the investigator. . You should not, however, fail to make proper allowance for them. Location for a lineup may be almost any area available to you. These include the following: l Composite photographs and sketches.