Nursing care plan for cardiovascular disease. Care Plan with Nursing Diagnosis for Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) 2022-10-14
Nursing care plan for cardiovascular disease Rating:
Cardiovascular disease is a broad term used to describe conditions that affect the heart and blood vessels, including coronary artery disease, heart failure, and hypertension. It is a leading cause of death and disability worldwide, and effective nursing care is essential for managing and improving the outcomes of patients with these conditions.
A nursing care plan for a patient with cardiovascular disease typically includes a variety of interventions designed to address the physical, emotional, and social needs of the patient.
One of the primary goals of nursing care for cardiovascular disease is to promote lifestyle changes that can help to prevent the progression of the disease and reduce the risk of complications. This may involve education on healthy eating habits, physical activity, and stress management, as well as support in making these changes. Nurses may also provide guidance on medication management, including the proper administration of medications, monitoring of side effects, and the importance of adherence to prescribed treatment regimens.
In addition to these preventative measures, nurses may also be responsible for managing the acute symptoms of cardiovascular disease, such as chest pain or shortness of breath. This may involve administering medications, providing oxygen therapy, and coordinating with other healthcare professionals to ensure that the patient receives appropriate care.
Nurses may also play a critical role in helping patients with cardiovascular disease to cope with the emotional and social challenges that often accompany these conditions. This may include providing support and education to help patients understand their diagnoses and treatment options, as well as addressing concerns about self-care and the impact of the disease on daily life.
Overall, the nursing care plan for a patient with cardiovascular disease is a multifaceted approach that aims to address the physical, emotional, and social needs of the patient in a holistic and individualized manner. By working closely with patients and other healthcare professionals, nurses can play a vital role in managing and improving the outcomes of patients with these conditions.
Nursing Care Plan For Heart Failure
Although educating the client and decreasing anxiety are important in care delivery, nether are priorities when a client is compromised. The ECG is the quickest, most accurate, and most widely used tool to determine the location of myocardial infarction. Check for calf tenderness, diminished pedal pulses, swelling, local redness, or pallor of extremity. Option D: Sublingual nitroglycerin should be used to treat chest pain. If there is a myocardial damage, the heart enzyme usually troponin T and i is raised, which can help confirm the diagnosis. The effects of nursing interventions to enhance mental health and quality of life among individuals with heart failure.
List of NANDA Nursing Diagnosis for Cardiovascular Diseases (Part 1)
Risk for infection May be related to: infection, inflammation, predisposition to bacteremia, suprainfection. Note skin color, temperature, and moisture. Medical-surgical nursing: Concepts for interprofessional collaborative care. Abnormal oxygen saturation levels are a sign of hypoxemia, a lack of oxygen in the blood. We may earn a small commission from your purchase. The diagnosis phase is an important step because it is used to determine the course of treatment.
Kawasaki Disease Nursing Interventions Rationale Administer prescribed medications that alleviate the symptoms of joint pain. Negative sentiments should be avoided at all costs, as they might contribute to fear and anxiety, aggravating angina attacks. Other names for coronary artery disease are atherosclerosis, coronary heart disease, hardening of the arteries, heart disease, ischemic heart disease and narrowing of arteries. They may benefit from seeing a dietitian for an individualised plan. Pain maybe mild or severe and typically present with a gradual buildup of discomfort and subsequent gradual fading away.
Heart Failure Nursing Care Plans: 18 Nursing Diagnosis
Determines the amount of blood expelled by the left ventricle during each contraction. Recognize The Signs People Usually Show When Having A Coronary Artery. Educate the patient about the distinction between anginal pain and the symptoms of myocardial infarction. Journal of the American College of Cardiology, 27 2 , 353-357. Nursing diagnosis of coronary artery disease. Applied Nursing Research, 17 4 , 248-256. Another lifestyle change is to commit to a low cholesterol, low sugar diet to control cholesterol and blood glucose levels.
A radioactive dye may be injected into your bloodstream so that an X-ray camera can see the blood flow during the test. Once the end of the catheter reaches the blockage, the balloon is inflated and deflated several times to push the plaque against the artery wall and open and stretch the artery, the NHLBI says. Progress in cardiovascular diseases, 44 4 , 293-321. This can result in a buildup of toxins or medications within the body. . The amount and quality of blood flowing through your lungs may be reduced or cut off entirely because the heart has lost its ability to pump blood effectively. Saunders comprehensive review for the NCLEX-RN examination.
Coronary Artery Disease Nursing Diagnosis and Nursing Care Plan
Sodium is one of the important electrolytes that are lost when a person is sweating. Elevate the head of the bed if the patient is short of breath. In some cases, hepatojugular reflux and ascites are found. The treadmill stress test also helps determine how blood is flowing through your arteries. Disclosure: Included below are affiliate links from Amazon at no additional cost from you. Thus, the development of an effective plan of care for patients with advanced HF should be the responsibility of the multidisciplinary HF team, ideally commenced on diagnosis, be that within the hospital or community setting.
Coronary Artery Disease Nursing Diagnosis & Care Plan
The risk of atrial fibrillation increase as the patient gets older. Chemoreceptors in the medulla are primarily stimulated by carbon dioxide. Option B and D: Liver or pulmonary disease is generally not associated with hypertension. Hyponatremia or low serum sodium level may cause brain swelling. Option C: Strict sodium restrictions are reserved for clients with severe symptoms. ADVERTISEMENTS Nursing Care Plans Nursing care plan goals for patients with heart failure include support to improve heart pump function by various nursing interventions, prevention and identification of complications, and providing a teaching plan for lifestyle modifications. Ad A Healthier Tomorrow Starts With Kaiser Permanente.
Coronary Artery Disease Nursing Care Plan & Management
These contents are not intended to be used as a substitute for professional medical advice or practice guidelines. If the Cessation of smoking helps in managing blood pressure by relaxing the vessel walls. Deficient Knowledge related to unfamiliarity with disease pathophysiology and treatment secondary to coronary artery disease CAD as evidenced by avoidance behavior. As evidenced by: questions regarding problems, inadequate follow-up on instructions given, misconceptions, lack of improvement of the previous regimen, development of preventable complications. Activity Intolerance May be related to:generalized weakness, imbalance between oxygen supply and demand.
Cardiovascular risk factors and their management in primary care
During his time as a student, he knows how frustrating it is to cram on difficult nursing topics. Quick recognition of any heart change in serial ECG is also the main aspect of nursing care. Cardiomyoplasty is usually not recommended due to unfavourable results. By explaining the processes to the patient, anxiety associated with fear of an unknown diagnosis and prognosis is reduced. Review cholesterol levels, LDL, and HDL levels.