The nature versus nurture debate is a longstanding discussion in the field of psychology that centers around the relative influence of genetics (nature) and environment (nurture) on human development and behavior. One aspect of this debate that has received a great deal of attention is the role of nature and nurture in shaping gender identities and expressions.
On one side of the debate, some argue that gender is largely determined by genetics and biology. According to this perspective, individuals are born with certain inherent characteristics that determine their gender, including physical characteristics such as genitalia and hormones, as well as brain structure and function. In this view, an individual's gender is largely fixed and predetermined at birth, and any variations in gender expression or identity are seen as deviations from the norm.
On the other side of the debate, some argue that gender is largely shaped by environmental and cultural influences. According to this perspective, gender roles and expectations are learned through socialization and are influenced by the culture in which an individual is raised. In this view, an individual's gender is not fixed at birth, but rather is shaped by the expectations and norms of the society in which they live.
One important factor to consider in the nature versus nurture debate is the interplay between genetics and environment. While it is clear that both nature and nurture play a role in shaping gender, it is likely that the relative influence of each varies depending on the individual and their specific circumstances. For example, some individuals may have a genetic predisposition towards certain gender-related traits, such as a predisposition towards aggression or nurturing behaviors, but these traits may be expressed differently depending on the cultural and social context in which an individual is raised.
In conclusion, the nature versus nurture debate is a complex and ongoing discussion in the field of psychology, and it is likely that both genetics and environment play a role in shaping gender identities and expressions. While it is important to recognize the influence of both nature and nurture, it is also important to acknowledge the complex interplay between these two factors and the impact that they have on individuals and society as a whole.
The Nature/Nurture debate
Since then, 8 of the 12 have reassigned themselves back to a male identity. The time when a child will determine their sense of gender is unknown to anyone, even to that child. Society, and not biological sex differences, is considered the basis for gender identity because it influences boys and girls to behave in particular ways considered suitable to their sex. However, genes and chromosomes sometimes contain differences that can lead to different physical features that can appear abnormal. For example, once they reach puberty, males tend to be physically stronger than females.
Nature Vs. Culture: A Debate in Gender Development
Nurture Nurture, on the other hand, or the environment, refers to all environmental influences after In almost every culture we see practices that promote gender-specific behaviors. Most individuals have two sex chromosomes that are inherited from each parent. But if we take a step back how do we even determine who is biologically male and who is biologically female? This debate has raised significant questions as to the cause of homosexuality and if homosexuals have the ability to be nurtured into homosexuality, or if certain biological factors attribute to one being a homosexual. Nature is often defined in this debate as genetic or hormone-based behaviors. There is also a body of evidence to show that males and females have different roles in different societies. So it also knows whether you go on a run every day, if you go to church on Sunday, or if you visit the local pub. Nurture provides someone that is more immersed to follow a specific path while nature is more unpredictable.
Desmet and his co-authors used Facebook's Marketing API data to get information on the shares of male and female Facebook users that were interested in 45,397 different topics for all countries it serves. . Researchers have also argued that hormones may play a role in the differences observed in visual-spatial and verbal abilities among children. A personality laid out by nature is often times aggressive or even shy. If biological interpretation becomes mainstream, this could lead to further discrimination against transgender people.
Gender Differences: The Nature Versus Nurture Debate
Other physical attributes if not determined, seem to be strongly linked to the genetic makeup of our parents. Life Sci Soc Policy. Nowadays, the debate on this topic has become even more heated due to the tense political and societal climate. In more gender-equal societies, women and men can more freely express their inherent predispositions, making them more different in terms of their preferences. It also causes boys once they have reached puberty to have more muscle composition and be taller than girls in general. Both theories have a point.
Discuss The Nature V Nurture Debate In Gender Development, Sample of Essays
They begin to think of the activity as a male-specific activity, thus perpetuating the stereotype cycle. Parents tend to help their daughters more and encourage sons to solve problems on their own The media can also influence and perpetuate gender stereotypes. We are not just molded by social factors. If you pictured a woman nurse or a man construction manager, why? This index is one of the best-established indicators of gender equality and the only independent index published every year. Stevens showed that sex was determined by nature, and nature alone.
Gender Identity: Nature or Nurture? Free Essay Sample on opportunities.alumdev.columbia.edu
Although Buss found some universalities in gender related behaviour, other cross-cultural research has highlighted cultural variations in gender related behaviour. This study used questionnaires which mean the questions were pre-set. Our genes and our environment play leading roles in shaping who we are. It is primarily because the societal climate has become more tolerant; that the human genome remains the same. Consider that women consistently outlive men in developed countries — a robust finding spanning time, place, religion and political regime. He then ends his article by stating that the endocrine system plays a much larger role in gender identity than conscious does. In other words, our gender identity might be performed and reenacted in social interactions.
Giving infants tons of love and lots of skin-to-skin contact nurtures them in ways that can have lifelong benefits. The debate concerns whether certain aspects of your personality are inherited or if you learn them from your surroundings. Jobs traditionally held by men are also now being held more often by female workers. She begins by explaining that humans are born sexed but are not gendered from birth. Hidden Brain is hosted by Shankar Vedantam and produced by Rhaina Cohen, Maggie Penman, Jennifer Schmidt, Parth Shah, and Renee Klahr.
Peers may also ridicule or avoid their peers who enroll and excel in gender-inappropriate subjects. Thousands of years ago, ancient Greek philosophers like Plato believed that "innate knowledge" is present in our minds at birth. It is important to understand that each child develops differently and will determine their gender identity according to individual situations. Sincerely, Carl and Elizabeth Naumann Dean of the School of Medicine Professor of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. Frankenstein can be seen as a prime example of the Nature versus Nurture Persuasive Essay On Nature Vs Nurture 630 Words 3 Pages Do you ever wonder how you act the way you do? Both nature and nurture, together, are what bring a child to be abel to determine their gender identity.