Nature and nurture debate in psychology. The Nature and Nurture of Morality 2022-11-04
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The nature versus nurture debate is a long-standing discussion in psychology that asks the question of whether human behavior is primarily determined by genetics (nature) or the environment in which a person is raised (nurture). This debate has been a central topic in psychology for centuries, and has important implications for our understanding of how human behavior is shaped and how we can address problems such as mental health issues and substance abuse.
On the nature side of the debate, proponents argue that genetics play a significant role in shaping human behavior. There is substantial evidence to support this view, including the existence of genetic predispositions to certain conditions such as depression and anxiety, as well as the fact that certain behaviors and traits tend to run in families. For example, studies have shown that children who have a parent with a history of alcohol abuse are more likely to develop a substance abuse problem themselves, which suggests that there may be a genetic component to addiction.
On the nurture side of the debate, proponents argue that the environment in which a person is raised has a much greater impact on their behavior than genetics. This view is supported by evidence that children who are raised in different environments can exhibit very different behaviors and traits, even if they have the same genetic makeup. For example, children who are raised in abusive or neglectful homes are more likely to develop mental health problems or engage in risky behaviors, while those who are raised in supportive and nurturing environments are more likely to thrive.
Ultimately, the nature versus nurture debate is not a question of which factor is more important, but rather how these two influences interact and contribute to the development of human behavior. While genetics may predispose someone to certain behaviors or traits, the environment in which they are raised can either enhance or mitigate these tendencies. For example, a person with a genetic predisposition to anxiety may not develop anxiety if they are raised in a supportive and nurturing environment, but may be more likely to develop anxiety if they are raised in a stressful or abusive environment.
In conclusion, the nature versus nurture debate is an important area of study in psychology that helps us to understand how genetics and the environment shape human behavior. While genetics and the environment both play a role, it is clear that they interact in complex ways to influence the development of human behavior. Understanding this interaction is essential for improving our ability to address mental health issues and other behavioral problems, and for helping individuals reach their full potential.
Trauma and the Nature vs. Nurture Debate
Because of this, his view of the id can be considered a more naturistic approach to the development of humans. Brain MRI tests show brain retardation in the fraternal twin who does not develop the disease. An example of an empiricist theory is behaviourism. In contrast, a gene environment interaction refers to how the environment can lead to some genetic traits being expressed more easily. For example, many mental health disorders are more likely to be present if you have a family member who also has been diagnosed with this disorder.
The Nurture Assumption, 1999. The development of many mental health disorders is not attributed purely to genetics, as in many cases, it is actually the environment that leads to the expression of genes that leads to the development of a mental health disorder. For example, exposure and response prevention therapy leads to successful treatment of OCD in about 90% of cases of people after a certain number of sessions. This does not mean that 60% of your extraversion was accounted for by your genes. People with good musical ears might seek environments where they can learn more about music. It is for informational purposes only. On the other side of the debate, we have the empiricist view.
Proponents of nature attach greater importance to innate qualities, believing that they result from evolution and that only the genes transferred from parents make each person unique. To this date, scientists continue to argue on the comparative effects of both biology and experience on personality Friedman and Schustack 150. These gene environment interactions are very difficult to tease apart with research but they help to understand how both nature and nurture can come together to lead to developments of behavior and mental health disorders. However, the development of genetics has gained a renewed interest in the scientific community and the eugenics community. Specifically, the topic areas of sleep, circadian rhythms, mental health disorders, appetite, and emotion are all important to the field of behavioral neuroscience.
The extreme degree of assumption of nurture supporters is that all people are born with a blank slate mind, and differences arise due to obtaining contrasting experiences. This is particular true for the treatment of ADHD, anxiety, and depression. For example, in families with Bipolar Disorder, a child is much more likely to be diagnosed with Bipolar disorder as well. The history of the debate can be traced back many years. Within this article, you will learn more about the nature versus nurture debate. The debate ranges on The Nature Assumption Supporters of the nature assumption presume that nature plays the biggest role in the development of human personality.
However, most researchers are no longer inclined to the extreme points of view and believe that both nature and nurture interact. Estimates of heritability, or just how much genes within your family interact has suggested that they typically account for 40-50% of the chance. Activation of any of the two parts evokes a contrasting emotion. Their work has contributed much to this paper particularly on schizophrenia. Various scientific areas and branches of psychology tend to attach greater importance to one of the two groups — nature or nurture.
Francis Galton studied twins to determine how much nature and nurture relatively impacted behaviors and looks, and ultimately concluded that nature makes the biggest impact. Introverts can be drawn to quiet settings or activities that don't require too many social interactions, while people that have an innate tendency to be aggressive might look for environments where conflict is likely to occur. . She has also worked with children with chronic medical conditions, providing supportive mental health care to children with cancer and burn survivors. Developmentalists are correct in saying that it is senseless to attempt to parse the intricate process of gene-environment interplay into discrete components. Specifically, how can you truly tell if the development of a mental health disorder is due to environmental influences or genetics. On the other hand, there is also research to suggest that how parents interact with their children influences their cognitive abilities.
Different psychological approaches such as biological and psychoanalysis are based on assumptions that tend more to nature. Therefore, the development of eating disorders can be seen as a combination of both genetics and also environment. Her primary interests are to increase access to evidence-based mental health treatments for children and adolescents, providing specific information to parents and individuals with ADHD. Similar studies with the manic-depression disorder have shown identical results. If a child has a genetic predisposition to be smart and comes from a wealthy background, they might be given more opportunities to develop from early on in their development.
Friedman and Schustack have vividly showed that nature is part and parcel of the human personality. Overall, it appears that a combination of both genetic factors, family history, as well as early life experiences makes it much more likely that you will develop a mental health disorder. Can Nature Affect Nurture? Anything that affects the functioning of the brain e. Depending on what branch of psychology you are in, then you will find opposing views on how much both nature and nurture contribute to each of these issues. Specifically, it has led to ample amounts of research into how much genetics and environment play a role in human behavior. According to this model, someone may be genetically predisposed to experiencing schizophrenia based on their family history, genetics, or genes that place them at a greater risk of schizophrenia.
They argue that the nature versus nurture debate is not one of dichotomous views that cannot come together, but instead is one in which they interact together in order to lead to the development of human behavior and mental health concerns. Since Galton… Words 677 - Pages 3 Nature Vs Nurture Research Paper Keith Mierzejewski Methods of Critical Thinking Research Paper December 11, 2010 Nature vs. The debate within the controversy is concerned with the extent to which particular aspects of behavior is either inherited genetic or learned. The nature versus nurture debate can be found… Words 2580 - Pages 11 Nature Vs Nurture Debate Debate on the Nature Versus Nurture controversy dates back to 1869 when the phrase was first conceived by Francis Galton, a man who had wide-ranging knowledge. He puts up strong supports for both the two sides of the debate.