Gulliver's Travels, written by Jonathan Swift in 1726, is a satirical novel that tells the story of Lemuel Gulliver, a ship's surgeon who, through a series of misadventures, ends up visiting four different fantastical societies. One of these societies is inhabited by a race of intelligent horses called the Houyhnhnms.
The Houyhnhnms are a highly advanced and rational species, in contrast to the degraded and irrational human-like creatures known as the Yahoos that also inhabit their world. Gulliver becomes the servant of a Houyhnhnm master, who he refers to as "my dear horse," and learns to communicate with them through their language, which consists mainly of whinnying and other horse-like noises.
The Houyhnhnms are depicted as being superior to humans in many ways. They are rational, logical, and highly moral, and they live in a society that is free from the problems of human society, such as war, corruption, and deceit. They are also physically superior, with faster reflexes and stronger bodies than humans.
Despite their superiority, the Houyhnhnms are not portrayed as perfect beings. They are shown to be somewhat lacking in emotion and imagination, and they are unable to comprehend many of the complexities of human nature. This is exemplified in their treatment of the Yahoos, whom they see as little more than beasts of burden and who are treated cruelly as a result.
Overall, the Houyhnhnms in Gulliver's Travels serve as a commentary on the nature of intelligence and morality. Swift is using them to argue that reason and rationality alone do not necessarily lead to a better society, and that the human capacity for emotion and imagination is an important part of what makes us human. He is also suggesting that the pursuit of perfection can sometimes lead to a lack of understanding and compassion for those who are different from us.
An essay is a written piece of content that presents a writer's thoughts, opinions, or arguments on a particular subject. The length of an essay can vary depending on the purpose and audience, but generally, an essay should be long enough to fully explore and develop its main ideas.
One common guideline for determining the appropriate length of an essay is the "5-paragraph essay" model, which consists of an introduction, three body paragraphs, and a conclusion. According to this model, an essay should be around 500-800 words in length. This length allows for the development of a clear and concise argument, while also providing enough detail and evidence to support the main points.
However, it's important to note that this is just a guideline, and the appropriate length for an essay may vary depending on the specific requirements of the assignment or the needs of the audience. For example, a high school essay may be shorter than a college essay, while a graduate-level essay may be longer.
In general, it's a good idea to aim for an essay length that allows you to fully explore your topic, but without going into unnecessary detail or digressing from your main points. A clear, well-written essay that stays focused on its main ideas is generally more effective than a longer essay that includes irrelevant or redundant information.
Overall, the appropriate length for an essay will depend on the specific goals of the assignment and the needs of the audience. By considering these factors and striving for clarity and concision, you can create an essay that effectively communicates your thoughts and arguments.