Job satisfaction results when job characteristic and wants of employees are in agreement. Another result is that intrinsic factors are more motivating than extrinsic factors. Personal Results of the PsyCap Self-Assessment I agree with the results of the PsyCap assessment that showed a high score in all four categories of efficiency, resilience, hope and optimism. Process Theory Process theory describes the process of how behavior is energized, directed, sustained, and stopped. This is followed by the fourteen principles of management. To delineate these crucial points, it is illuminating to consider the development of motivation and motivation theory as the objects of scientific inquiry. Many motivational theories have been developed over time to study human behavior at the workplace.
Expectancy theory is more concerned with the cognitive antecedents that go into motivation and the way they relate to each other. This Theory start with a premise that Motivation does not equal satisfaction or performance. . This again is contingent on two factors: magnitude of reward and attitude toward effort-reward probability. The discrepancy theory refers to differential job satisfaction and job dissatisfaction among workers Locke, 1969. Words: 1877 - Pages: 8 Premium Essay Motivation Theory. They are concerned with types of incentives that drive people to attain a need for fulfillment.
When a reward is perceived as equitable to the level of effort that they must exert, positive outcomes and high levels of motivation should be the expected result. Overall, the above definitions emphasize that job satisfaction is more of a composite variable that includes various behavioral, affective, and environmental factors related to one's job or job experiences. New challenging responsibilities : the responsibilities itself if challenging can lead to extrinsic motivation. If the reward probability matches the given reward, then the employee gets satisfied otherwise dissatisfaction follows. I will conduct a critical analysis of both theories highlighting the benefit of each theory from a managerial perspective and also bring forward any flaws or weaknesses I find. The model postulated that the performance of an employee is driven by multiple factors that include personality, skills, experience, knowledge, and abilities.
This enhances the Porter and Lawler model of motivation. Once a lower-level need is satisfied, the individual will move up to the higher level. This led to the development of the discrepancy theory of job satisfaction. To illustrate, if Employee A values autonomy in the workplace and Employee B is indifferent about autonomy, then Employee A would be more satisfied in a position that offers a high degree of autonomy and less satisfied in a position with little or no autonomy compared to Employee B. Employees also expect to be rewarded in the same way that other employees are.
. The motive of this theory was to explain the relationship between the job attitude of an individual and job performance. These are the theory based on the discrepancy between what the job offers and what is expected, theory based on what an individual needs, and theory based on what the individual values. The crux of the literature will be on effective reward systems which end in motivation which then leads to job satisfaction. People not simply satisfy one need for another, but move up, changing the importance for these or. At the same time, you should crack down on rudeness, inappropriate behavior and offensive comments. Their approach is popularly known as Two Factor Theory.
They need fair pay. . Words: 1370 - Pages: 6 Premium Essay Sales. Taking the same example, if an emphasis on teamwork comes at the expense of time for solo work, person A and person B could have a negative experience of their job. Fredrick Herzberg also suggest that behavioral science can help mangers understand and identify ways to help motivate employees more effectively. . Maslow assumed that needs for this hierarchy arise gradually.
Job satisfaction is not the same as motivation or aptitude, although it is clearly linked. Motivation Work Theory 1652 Words 7 Pages The current times exude a fundamental shift from simplification and standardisation at work towards laying a deeper focus on specific job properties, suggesting a transformation within the realm of work. Write them a kind note of praise. . Effort This is the quantum of energy an employee exerts on a given task.
. However, the amount of performance is determined by the amount of labour and the ability and role perception of the employee. Is it because it is the right thing to do? They hypothesize that the relationship between satisfaction and performance is linked by another variable rewards. Opponent Process Theory: This theory was developed by F. Over the course of my career, I have encountered a number of difficult tasks that many would have given up on, however that is simply not my personality or how I was taught to get through challenges.