Language varieties. List of language families 2022-10-17
There are thousands of languages spoken around the world, and within each language, there can be a variety of different dialects and variations. These language varieties can be based on geographical region, cultural or ethnic group, social class, or any combination of these factors.
One example of a language variety is a dialect. A dialect is a form of a language that is spoken in a particular geographic region or by a particular group of people. Dialects can vary in terms of pronunciation, vocabulary, and grammar. For example, there are many dialects of English spoken around the world, such as British English, American English, Australian English, and so on. Each dialect has its own unique characteristics and features.
Another example of a language variety is a creole. A creole is a stable, fully-developed natural language that arises from the mixing of two or more languages. Creoles often develop in situations where people from different language backgrounds need to communicate with each other, such as in colonial settings or in trade. Creoles tend to have a simplified grammar and vocabulary, and they often borrow elements from the languages that they are derived from.
In addition to dialects and creoles, there are also other types of language varieties such as jargons, slangs, and sociolects. A jargon is a specialized vocabulary that is used by a particular group of people, such as professionals or hobbyists. A slang is a type of informal language that is used by a particular group of people and is typically not considered to be standard language. A sociolect is a variety of language that is used by a particular social group, such as a group defined by age, gender, or social class.
Language varieties can be important for a number of reasons. For one, they can serve as a way for people to identify with and connect to their cultural or regional community. They can also be a source of pride and a way to preserve cultural traditions. Additionally, language varieties can provide insight into the history and development of a language and can help linguists to understand how languages evolve over time.
Despite the importance of language varieties, they can also be a source of conflict and tension. Some language varieties may be seen as inferior to others and may be discriminated against or marginalized. In some cases, language varieties may even be banned or suppressed in an effort to promote a dominant language or culture.
Overall, language varieties are an integral part of the linguistic landscape and play a significant role in shaping the way we communicate and understand the world around us.
Language Varieties: Descriptions
All families except in sub-Saharan Africa, New Guinea, Australia, and the Andaman Islands. Apparent time and real time. In some cases this is necessary, where specialist activities require new terminology, but jargon can also be seen as negative, where it is used to separate others from a conversation or to create a superior appearance as is commonly associated with Slang Similar to jargon, slang is the language that emerges within a subgroup to describe new ideas, or to assign new words to existing ideas to develop a sense of identity. It enables speakers to communicate in ways that are unique to their regions and cultures. The issue of standard vs. You can read more about this on Wikipedia Pidgin A pidgin is a simplified version of a lingua franca, where people trying to communicate across different languages develop their own form of communication.
Language Varieties: Accents, Dialects + More
The restricted code contains a limited number of sentences and only the participants are capable of understanding them. This is actually an idealized variety, but exists for most people as the version that is accepted as the official language of their community or country. . If so, then the video below is just what you need to hear. A large selection of soup varieties, both brand-name and strain, is available in the variety section of the grocery store. A huff of exasperation during a debate or a grin while signing "hello" speaks volumes.
The Different Ways People Use Language: Linguistic Variety
Not all linguistic variation is the first step in language change. Sociolinguists differ in how they understand individual style. A register, as opposed to a dialect, is associated with specific situations, purposes, or levels of formality. Defining Language Variations There are a handful of ways linguists categorise varieties of language; some definitions refer to word usage and rules, or merely to vocabulary, while others refer to the way language adapts culturally, in broader strokes. North America Mexico No 1 1950s North America Mexico No 1? All of these terms, however, can cover variations in grammar, vocabulary and pronunciation. A pidgin is a simplified form of a lingua franca. What Is The Meaning Of Linguistic Variety? To be considered a dialect, the speaker must have never been taught it to a nonnative.
List of language families
Written languages can also be divided into different scripts, such as logographic, syllabic, or alphabetic. For example, English has many dialects, such as British English, American English, Australian English, and so on. Acquired intelligibility, on the other hand, is a level of comprehension of a speech variety achieved through learning. Some social groupings are common across societies, presumably because such group distinctions are generally salient to people the world over. Cook in a moderately hot oven approximately 20 minutes until golden brown on top.
English in the world today: Languages, varieties and dialects
North America Guatemala No 1 19th century North America Texas No 1 20th century North America Louisiana Some 1 1829 North America Newfoundland No 1 18th century? Uganda has a large variety of indigenous languages, and someone familiar with Uganda can readily identify the native language of a person speaking English. Like a pidgin, a creole is a distinct language which has taken most of its vocabulary from another language, the lexifier, but has its own unique grammatical rules. Dialectologists study the variety of language used by specific communities of people in traditional language studies. Phyla with historically wide geographical distributions but comparatively few current-day speakers include The geographic headings over them are meant solely as a tool for grouping families into collections, more comprehensible than an unstructured list of a few hundred independent families. English is a necessary language for international communication.
Different Varieties of the English Language
These kinds of linguistic misperceptions are among the reasons why sociolinguistics is important to everyone in our society. Furthermore, dialect can be offensive. Proposed parent family 2 7th century BC? All varieties of a language are systematic in their use, have a large number of speakers and thus have their right for existence. Can you talk about rocket science in another language? In 1835, English replaced Persian as the official language of the Company. The English language is also used to educate people in all countries. Informal conversations among peers 2. Figure 1 Class stratification of -ing in six English-speaking communities: fine stratification in Porirua and Sydney; broad stratification in others It has been suggested that broad social class stratification i.
Varieties of Language
Widely rejected; generally considered a Controversial. These will be distinctive grammatical features as well. This group of languages Welsh, Cornish, Cumbric cohabited alongside English into the modern period, but due to their remoteness from the Germanic languages, influence on English was notably limited. It is the variety we normally try to teach to those who want to learn English as a second or foreign language. The dialect has its roots in the English spoken by the early settlers of the country, but has since been influenced by the Maori language and culture. The Standard dialect, the southern American dialect, the African American Vernacular English, and the Appalachian dialect are all examples of dialects.
A Creole is more complete in many ways than a pidgins because it is more lexically developed, with a broader range of grammatical distinctions. To refer to something as a language rather than a dialect is to afford it more status. Qualitative methods of data collection, in a participatory context, include observations, questionnaire, and interviews. Often, people who speak non-standard dialects are erroneously marked as being uneducated, not knowing English or having a speech pathology. Principles of linguistic change, vol.