John cage essays. John Cage Critical Essays 2022-10-11
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John Cage was an American composer, musician, and philosopher known for his experimental and unconventional approach to music and art. Cage was a pioneer of indeterminacy in music, which involves leaving certain elements of a composition open to chance or indeterminacy rather than predetermined by the composer. This approach to music-making was influenced by Cage's interest in Zen Buddhism and his belief that art should be a means of creating a sense of harmony and balance in the world.
Cage's interest in Zen Buddhism also influenced his ideas about silence and the role of the audience in the creative process. In his 1952 essay "The Future of Music: Credo," Cage wrote that "Wherever we are, what we hear is mostly noise. When we ignore it, it disturbs us. When we listen to it, we find it fascinating." He believed that silence was not the absence of sound, but rather a space in which all sounds could be heard equally and without judgment. This idea is reflected in his famous composition "4'33", in which the performer sits at a piano for four minutes and thirty-three seconds without playing a single note, allowing the sounds of the environment to be the music.
Cage's ideas about indeterminacy and silence have had a profound impact on the world of music and the arts. His work has influenced a range of artists and musicians, including Merce Cunningham, Yoko Ono, and Brian Eno, and his ideas about chance and the role of the audience in the creative process have been widely debated and discussed in the fields of music, art, and philosophy.
In addition to his contributions to music, Cage was also a prolific writer and thinker, publishing numerous essays and articles on a wide range of topics. His writing was often as unconventional and experimental as his music, reflecting his interest in Zen Buddhism, Eastern philosophy, and the role of the artist in society. Some of his most well-known essays include "The Future of Music: Credo," "Experimental Music," and "Composition as Process," all of which offer insight into Cage's unique and influential perspective on the creative process and the role of art in the world.
In conclusion, John Cage was a pioneering and influential composer, musician, and thinker whose ideas about indeterminacy, silence, and the role of the audience in the creative process continue to inspire and challenge artists and audiences today. His essays, as well as his music, offer a glimpse into his unique and innovative approach to art-making, and continue to influence and inspire artists around the world.
Very simply, why did Cage use silence and to what effect? The basics of music were established through these answers, but there were always composers that challenged them. In his works, he relentlessly strove to enhance and perfect the visual and aural texture of music, language, and art. Frank Zappa was an American artist who had no desire to fit into a single style of music, and he had no interest in creating music for cultural conventions. In listening to the piece, they will not hear the piano or other traditional musical instruments be played. In Empty Words: Writings, '73-'78 1979 , Cage continued to develop poems with freedom of form and innumerable possibilities of interpretation. Cage graduated from Los Angeles African American Music In The 20th Century The twentieth century was a great time for America, things were changed dramatically and this was strongly shown through music.
In effect, according to this way of thinking, all ambient sound is music. He created music in the manners he saw fit. He was an American composer born in Los Angeles on September 5, 1912. Learn More Approximately at the same time Cage employed the I Ching, the Book of Changes in order to determine the structure of his new composition. John Cage 1912-1992 Full name John Milton Cage, Jr. Anthony Braxton recorded a tribute to John Cage in his legendary album For Alto 1969.
He also developed his mesostics. San Francisco, Burning Books. Outer listening is simply listening to the sounds; inner listening happens when someone tries to find meaning within the sounds. Everyone knows what it is, yet there are different interpretations and definitions of what it means to them as seen from the varying styles of composers over time. His father earned a living being an inventor. In the middle of the 1940s, Cage met choreographer and dancer Merce Cunningham Nyman, 1974 , for whom he would write a number of pieces. Economics, Politics and Business Environment 9-407-049 ALLIANZ AG: BECOMING A EUROPEAN COMPANY Lorsch, JW; Chernak, A Harvard Business School Publishing 20pp 205-024-4 BRITISH CHOCOLATE Determinants of Violence in the Greek Football League a Case Study of Paok Fc Supporters Dedicated to PAOK FC supporters all over the world.
But he did have desires to create at a young age. All other classical music up until that point had set instruments. Cage decided to perform this composition by himself, as it included merely the sound of slicing vegetables, putting them into a blender and drinking the resulting juice Nyman, 1974. These little noises become the musical composition; they create a silence in which any member of the audience can imagine in their own head either a new song or can replay in their head a song they already know. It is not seen as a specific style of music but rather music in the postmodern era.
DALTON Kelley School of Business, Indiana University MICHAELA. Aleatoric or aleatory music or composition, is music where some element of the composition is left to chance. I believe John Cage was a brilliant artist, and his works push the boundaries of both sound and music to create a genre of his own by using the elements of silence and chance. Here amplitudes become noteheads, and the player gets to decide the duration of every notehead. American composer John Milton Cage Jr, born on September 5, 1912 in Los Angeles and having died on August 12, 1992 in New York. Major Poetic Works Cage's early career was primarily devoted to composing music, and his first experiments with nontraditional sounds were in this medium. Works Cited Works Cited Cage, John.
Modern art approached with a number of painter, sculptures, poets who individually or collectively to redefine through around this century. Essay John Milton Cage Jr. After realizing how important sound was too, Cage began adding random sounds in between silences. On top of every score, there is an explicit instruction for how players should manipulate the radio, and then there is a set of amplitudes expressed in numbers. As for the dynamics, they vary each time unpredictably, from ffff to pppp YouTube. He was conveying the message music itself everything happening at the moment, which is the reason the piece stands out among all aleatory music. Southwest Review, 12: 154-178.
Miles then went on to become one of the most influential figures in jazz music history, winning multiple Grammys in the process. The silence embraces the presence of surrounding noise. In addition, he was one of the pioneers of non-standard use of musical instruments. That's the reality of getting old, and I guess that's really the crux of the matter. Inspiration for this piece came from his Asian influences and friend Gita Sarabhai: I had accepted the idea that the purpose of music was to sober and quiet the mind. In this case, Radio Music has higher playability than that of In C, and it might arguably be one of the most playable pieces of music.
He structures the piece with twelve radios shared between twenty-four performers, and has a musical score that he bases the composition on Fiero. When sound is presented in a raw, natural form for example, in the case of traffic, it is simply sound that is acting. On an objective level, Schoenberg deserves credit for his innovative approach to composing music; he wanted to escape the fairly rigid structures that went into composing classical music, in which, for example, a symphony would begin with an overture that introduced the major musical themes and motifs, followed by various movements of the symphony in which those themes would be developed and expanded. They will hear, instead, their own breathing, or the noises the performers might inadvertently make as they shuffle their feet or move in their chairs. Cambridge Massachusetts , the MIT Press, pp. According to California's Occupational Guide "correctional Social Workers work with juvenile or adult offenders to determine and correct the causes of anti-social behavior. In several years, the composer adopted Zen Buddhism as his philosophy of life and began to add the elements of mystery and existential themes into his pieces of art.