Islamic concept of punishment. Crime and Punishment in Islam (All parts) 2022-10-15
Islamic concept of punishment Rating:
In sociology, folkways and mores are two categories of social norms that regulate human behavior in a society. Folkways are the everyday customs and conventions that are followed within a culture, while mores are the more serious and deeply held values and beliefs that shape the behavior of individuals within a society. Both play a significant role in shaping the culture and social fabric of a community.
One example of folkways in action can be seen in the way people greet each other in different cultures. In Western cultures, it is common to shake hands when meeting someone, while in some Asian cultures, bowing is a more common form of greeting. These customs may seem small and insignificant, but they are an important part of the social norms that govern our interactions with others.
Mores, on the other hand, are more deeply held values that are often tied to cultural or religious beliefs. For example, in many Western cultures, there is a strong emphasis on the value of individualism and personal freedom. This value is reflected in the laws and social norms that protect the rights of individuals to make their own choices and decisions. In contrast, in some Eastern cultures, there is a stronger emphasis on the importance of community and the collective good, which is reflected in the social norms that prioritize the needs of the group over those of the individual.
Another example of mores can be seen in the way that different societies view and regulate marriage and family relationships. In some cultures, marriage is seen as a sacred institution that is regulated by strict cultural or religious norms, while in other cultures, marriage is viewed as a more flexible and personal arrangement. Similarly, the roles and responsibilities of family members within a household can vary significantly across different cultures, with some cultures valuing gender roles and others promoting more egalitarian relationships.
Overall, folkways and mores play a significant role in shaping the culture and social norms of a society. They provide a set of guidelines for how people are expected to behave and interact with others, and they can vary significantly across different cultures and communities. Understanding these social norms is an important aspect of studying sociology and can help us better understand the ways in which different societies operate and the values that shape their social fabric.
PUNISHMENTS IN ISLAMIC LAW: » https : // opportunities.alumdev.columbia.edu
By being strict, we do not get to the root of the problem. We all know or at least expect that if you do something wrong you are subject to punishment in some way or another. Islam holds the balance of justice in the right manner and insists on examining all conditions and circumstances connected with the offence. The purpose of the hand is to produce, not to usurp the produce of others. The authorities should carry it out. In this manner Islam eradicates all motives that may lead to crime. As we have said , Islam puts high emphasis on an individual's life , property , and honor.
Islam the Misunderstood Religion Islam and the Concept of punishment
Accordingly, one is not to be punished for the actions of others, or for acts done under duress or because of insanity. However, the Islamic penal system also has unique virtues and distinguishing features, among the most important of which are the following: 1. The Objectives of the Islamic Penal System The Islamic penal system has many objectives, the most important of which are as follows: The First Objective: Islam seeks to protect society from the dangers of crime. The preservation of religion. Islam legislated killing as a punishment fourteen centuries ago. Where in the absence of Islamic punishment, stealing flourishes, it stirs up agony without any apprehension.
The psycho-analysts commit this mistake: they concentrate on the dynamic energy in man but they ignore the controlling energy which is quite inherent in the human system. The retributive theory seeks to punish offenders because they deserve to be punished. If the criminal killed the victim, then he is killed. Though Islamic law is based on divine sources, it is a living body of law that addresses the needs of Islamic society. To preserve lineage, it prescribes the punishment for fornication. It has made repentance a means of waiving a fixed punishment in some instances, like the punishment for highway robbery. These punishments were prescribed in order to frighten those individuals who have no reasonable motive for crime yet feel a strong desire for committing crimes.
The fact that the punishment for theft has been executed only six times throughout a period of four hundred years is clear evidence that such punishment was primarily meant to prevent crime. On the other hand, economic conditions do have some effect on the feelings and actions of individuals. Thus, for making provision of claiming ransom in lieu of capital punishment, Islam offers a practical choice to the grieved family. This is in order to discourage the crime and limit its occurrence. It is a mere expression of sentiment that is the result of a wrong notion of mercy. In countries that have cancelled the death sentence, we notice that such a cancellation has ended up with more murders.
Everything with Him has been measured with absolute perfection. Islam precludes all possible motives for robbery yet it examines all circumstances of a crime to ascertain, before the infliction of the punishment, that the criminal was not impelled to commit crime. It strives to ensure a fair distribution of wealth. It is belied by the facts of life in the Soviet Union which claims to have wiped out hunger and poverty. But it must be strongly emphasised that the Islamic penal code would be difficult to impose and operate outside the Islamic social and economic systems. Islam views with extreme disapprobation the slightest breach of these laws.
The Islamic concept of punishment from God. : islam
What types of punishments exist in Islam? All such crimes, since they are violations of the rules made by God Almighty, are considered crimes against religion. He is The Just. Moreover, the integrity and the credibility of the witnesses is of utmost importance, not only that the witnesses have a track record of being truthful but they should have a reputation of being civilised and respectable. The state is also responsible for ensuring decent work for all citizens. Stealing is a crime in Islam.
The Quran has asserted this objective when mentioning a number of punishments. Therefore Islam advocates early marriage and provides aid from the Public Treasure for those who wish to get married yet cannot afford to do so. What are the objectives behind their being legislated? There can be no reason why some Europeans are afraid of the application of the rules of Islam except that they are criminal by nature and persist in committing crimes which lack all justification. That is the society that was founded and inaugurated and irrigated and nurtured by the Messenger of this age, Hadrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad as , the Promised Messiah who said: Religion in its true sense means all those matters which are essential for completion of humanity; these matters turn away human beings from wild beings and elevate them from the level of ordinary human behaviour to a higher level where human beings utilise their intellectual and spiritual faculties to ascend to the highest level where human beings lose them-selves in the contemplation and meditation of God. Therefore, such states inflict great penalties including death and torture on individuals who rebel against the state. God is the All knowing, the Wise.
Could any other system match the justice of Islam? To understand the philosophy of this punishment, it would be helpful to comprehend the background of the society which Islam envisages to establish. Of course , offences are more than five. These are: the stability and permanence of its basic tenets on the one hand and the dynamism of its subsidiary injunctions on the other. They also provide a safeguard to the rights of the accused and mere false accusations cannot become a ground for punishment. That is why Islam punishes adultery severely in order to penalize offenders and to deter others. The punishment prescribed for it in the Sunnah is execution, and it came as a remedy for a problem that existed at the time of the Prophet, may the mercy and blessings of God be upon him. Crime is often regarded as an individual aggression against the community.