Intensive farming in india. Intensive Farming In India(second Edition) : Kenny, John : Free Download, Borrow, and Streaming : Internet Archive 2022-11-09
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Intensive farming, also known as intensive agriculture, is a type of farming that involves the use of high levels of inputs, such as fertilizers, pesticides, and irrigation, to produce large yields from a small land area. This approach to farming has become increasingly popular in India in recent years as the country's population has grown and the demand for food has increased.
There are several reasons why intensive farming has become so popular in India. One of the main reasons is that it allows farmers to produce more food in a shorter amount of time. With the use of high levels of inputs, farmers are able to achieve higher crop yields, which means they can feed more people with the same amount of land. This is particularly important in a country like India where land is scarce and the population is growing rapidly.
Intensive farming also allows farmers to specialize in certain crops, which can be more profitable than growing a variety of crops. For example, a farmer who specializes in growing rice could potentially earn more money than a farmer who grows a variety of crops, because they can focus all their resources on producing a high-quality product.
However, intensive farming also has its drawbacks. One of the main drawbacks is the environmental impact. The use of high levels of fertilizers and pesticides can lead to soil degradation and water pollution, as these chemicals can leach into the soil and water supply. Intensive farming can also lead to the overuse of water resources, as farmers rely on irrigation to keep their crops growing. This can lead to water scarcity in some areas, particularly in regions where water is already limited.
Another concern with intensive farming is the impact on the health of farmers and the local community. The use of pesticides and other chemicals can be harmful to those who come into contact with them, and can lead to health problems such as respiratory issues and skin irritations.
Despite these drawbacks, intensive farming remains a popular choice for many farmers in India. However, it is important for the government and other stakeholders to address the environmental and health concerns associated with this type of farming in order to ensure a sustainable and healthy food supply for the country's growing population.
Intensive Agriculture: Characteristics, Examples, and Why Is It Bad?
Retrieved 1 October 2014. Simply increasing the amount of land being used, however, can have serious consequences for biodiversity, which is lost when native plants and grasses are cleared to make room for grazing. Out of these, four were rice producing, two wheat producing and one millets producing. Intensive farming entails farmers cultivating crops on small farms to maximize output. Some farming methods should be focused on sustaining or recycling water.
India’s Intensive Agriculture Development Programme (IADP)
It is practiced in most of the densely populated parts. Nitrogen compounds from the Midwest, for example, travel down the Mississippi to degrade coastal fisheries in the Gulf of Mexico, causing so-called Many wild plant and animal species have become extinct on a regional or national scale, and the functioning of agro-ecosystems has been profoundly altered. These areas receive heavy rainfall hence the vegetation regenerates quickly. Human Health Exposure to the pesticides that intensive agriculture tends to use in large quantities can have a number of Pest and Weed Resistance Following repeated application of a particular pesticide or herbicide, many pest species, both plant and animal, can build Soil Degradation Intensive farming contributes to soil degradation, as land tends to be planted on repeatedly without providing a break for the dirt to recover its nutrients. Farmers may find it more economical to switch to vast agriculture if labor costs, capital expenditures for machinery and chemicals, costs of storage if desired or needed , and transportation costs to markets are too high. This farming is mostly done in densely populated areas.
Modern Agriculture in India: Some of the Indian Farmers are deeply engaged in modern farming. When a large patch of land is used for cultivation then we call it extensive farming. For example, rice is a Kharif crop whereas wheat is a rabi crop. Retrieved 21 September 2019. Extensive farming means when more land is brought under farming to increase output. Labour In this farming, labouring is high, and mostly family labour works on their farms.
Intensive Farming In India(second Edition) : Kenny, John : Free Download, Borrow, and Streaming : Internet Archive
This is performed in countries where the population to land ratio is high which means the population is big, and the land is small. There are two types of agriculture farming: intensive farming and extensive farming. Types of Subsistence Farming There are two types of subsistence farming. Dry sunlight with proper irrigation and fertile soil permits the growth of the crop, more than one crop can be cultivated annually. Impacts On Environment: Intensive farming pollutes the atmosphere, usable water supplies, and arable land by using excessive amounts of energy, water, and industrial chemicals. It is capital-centred farming and requires good exclusive capacity, technical knowledge, fertilizers and improved machinery and irrigation and transportation facilities. High yield - High yield is guaranteed in intensive farming.
Indian Farmer — Importance & Condition of Farmers in India.
Challenges for Indian Agriculture The challenges faced by Indian agriculture can be broadly grouped into two categories- the long-standing problems and the emerging issues from the prevailing agricultural practices, system, changing climate, and economy. Income and Living Standard Their income is not dependent because they are below the poverty line. Highly Efficient - Farmers gain more profit by maximizing production on a small plot of land. In India, there are specific crops grown in these three seasons. Intensive farming is practiced in many areas in India like Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Gujarat, Maharashtra, and Orissa. Conclusion The Government of India has launched several agricultural development programs for the enhancement of intensive farming in India like the Intensive Agricultural Development Program IADP , the Intensive Agriculture Area Program IAAP , High Yielding Variety Program HYVP , etc, for increasing the Yield of the farmland. Extensive Subsistence Farming: Extensive farming is the modern system of farming practised on large farms.
Subsistence Farming in India? Cultivation, Types And Characteristics
Tactics include the use of pesticides, insecticides, fertilizers, irrigation, and the use of genetically modified seeds. The crops need an ample amount of water for irrigation—for example, Rice, maize, groundnut, millets, cotton, etc. In this Subsistence farming, landholdings are small and fragmented. It is predicted that due to climate change, the temperature would increase, leading to an increase in sea level, more intense cyclones, unpredictable rainfall, etc. Specifically, a rise in temperature in winter would affect the production of wheat in north India. Based of the Scale of Farming Subsistence Farming The word subsistence means survival. University of Chicago Press.
It is also known as slash and burn agriculture. It means mobilizing a group of farmers for crop cultivation and achieving scale economies through the division of labor. Farming changed from subsistence to commercial type. Intensive subsistence agriculture is done on small lands with simple tools and more labour. Variety of crops: Since India has both tropical and temperate climates, crops of both climates are found in India.
Indian Agriculture: Farming Types, Features and Challenges
Extensive agriculture, on the other hand, Location Traditionally, one advantage of intensive agriculture is that because it requires less land, yield can be produced closer to market than farms using extensive agriculture. Case studies point out that with cooperative farming, per acre production increases. Historians believe that pasture intensification, and agricultural intensification more broadly, The most common and effective way of increasing inputs throughout history has been to plant or graze more land, leading to an increase in the yield of the farm. Insecticides, fertilizers, and herbicides build up in surface and ground waters. The soil is sandy and has low water retention capacity. In comparison to the amount of food produced per unit, the requirements for space, equipment, and other inputs are smaller, making this method more effective and reasonable.
In the words of R. It is also referred to as industrial agriculture and is distinguished by having a low dropout ratio and using more labor and money per unit of land area. The situation in central India is particularly bad, which can be considered as the agricultural sector of India. The all-India ranking helped me to analyse my performance at a pan-India level even before the actual UPSC exam. The predominance of food crops: The production of food crops is the priority of the farmers almost everywhere in the country. Intensive Subsistence Farming: The objective of intensive farming is to produce the maximum possible production on limited farms with all possible efforts under the circumstances.