Black holes are some of the most mysterious and fascinating objects in the universe. They are regions of space where the normal laws of physics break down, and where the gravitational pull is so strong that nothing, not even light, can escape from them.
Black holes can be divided into two main categories: stellar black holes and supermassive black holes. Stellar black holes are formed when a massive star collapses at the end of its life. These black holes are typically just a few times more massive than the Sun and are about the size of a city.
Supermassive black holes, on the other hand, are much larger and more massive. They can be millions or billions of times more massive than the Sun and are found at the center of most galaxies, including our own Milky Way.
Black holes are incredibly dense, with a mass packed into a small volume. This means that they have a very strong gravitational pull, which is what allows them to trap light and other matter.
One of the most interesting things about black holes is that they can be detected even though they are invisible. Scientists can infer the presence of a black hole by observing how it affects nearby objects. For example, if a black hole is located near a star, the star will be pulled towards the black hole and will speed up as it gets closer. By measuring the speed of the star and its distance from the black hole, scientists can calculate the mass of the black hole.
Black holes also emit radiation, called Hawking radiation, which is named after the physicist Stephen Hawking who first proposed the idea. This radiation is thought to be caused by the intense gravitational field of the black hole, which causes particles to be created and destroyed in pairs. One particle falls into the black hole, while the other escapes and is emitted as radiation.
There are still many mysteries surrounding black holes that scientists are trying to understand. For example, it is not yet clear how black holes are formed, or how they grow to be so massive. Additionally, there is still much to learn about the effects of black holes on the surrounding matter and how they might be used in the future.
Overall, black holes are some of the most extraordinary objects in the universe, and their study has helped us to better understand the fundamental laws of physics and the nature of the universe.
Dante's Inferno Full Text
Allegory in the First Lines The first lines of Canto 1 set the stage for much of what's to come. Peter's Gate here, the gate to Purgatory. When him in that great desert I espied, "Have mercy on me! It appears lurid or macabre. Halfway through his life, the poet Returning in despair to the dark valley, Dante sees a human form in the woods, which soon reveals itself to be the spirit, or shade, of the great Roman poet Summary: Canto II Dante invokes the Muses, the ancient goddesses of art and poetry, and asks them to help him tell of his experiences. Entonces comenzaba un nuevo día, y el sol se alzaba al par que las estrellas que junto a él el gran amor divino sus bellezas movió por vez primera; así es que no auguraba nada malo de aquella fiera de la piel manchada la hora del día y la dulce estación; mas no tal que terror no produjese la imagen de un león que luego vi.
Dapple Leopard - Youth, incontinence,Lust Starving Lion - Middle Age, Pride A lean and hungry she-wolf - Old age, Fraud, Greed. It offers a new rhythmic translation of this classic philosophical poem. It is a story of Dante's journey through life to salvation. Here Dante sees the brothers Alessandro and Napoleone degli Alberti, who killed each other over their inheritance and their politics some time between 1282 and 1286. Having the hope of eternity, however, means we can object to his death in the strongest terms and yet we can also take comfort in seeing him again and in seeing all pain and death redeemed. Virgil Describes Their Journey After Virgil tells Dante that they will not be going up the hill, he explains where they will be going: ''I for thy profit pond'ring now devise, That thou mayst follow me, and I thy guide Will lead thee hence through an eternal space, Where thou shalt hear desparing shrieks.
The pit is filled with monstrous Canto XXV Vanni hurls an obscenity at God and the serpents swarm over him. Well, that was a rash thought! Mira la bestia por la cual me he vuelto: sabio famoso, de ella ponme a salvo, pues hace que me tiemblen pulso y venas. She with such fear O'erwhelmed me, at the sight of her appall'd, That of the height all hope I lost. XXII, Virgil names several additional inhabitants of Limbo who were not mentioned in the Inferno. Dante is awe-struck and impressed, calling Virgil his master.
Luke affirms that the hour of His death was the sixth — that is, noon. But thou, say wherefore to such perils past Return'st thou? And even as he, who, with distressful breath, Forth issued from the sea upon the shore, Turns to the water perilous and gazes; So did my soul, that still was fleeing onward, Turn itself back to re-behold the pass Which never yet a living person left. When I beheld him in the desert vast, "Have pity on me," unto him I cried, "Whiche'er thou art, or shade or real man! Sayers, Hell, notes on Canto XI, p. In a larger sense, however, the opening cantos help to establish the relationship between Inferno and larger literary, political, and religious tradition, indicating their points of convergence and deviation. Yet to discourse of what there good befell, All else will I relate discover'd there. While he seeks a way out of the forest, he meets three beasts: a leopard, a lion, and a wolf. After my weary body I had rested, The way resumed I on the desert slope, So that the firm foot ever was the lower.
Dante tries to approach a light at the top of a hill, but is frightened away by three beasts. The Divine Comedy of Dante Alighieri. Y como aquel que alegre se hace rico y llega luego un tiempo en que se arruina, y en todo pensamiento sufre y llora: tal la bestia me hacía sin dar tregua, pues, viniendo hacia mí muy lentamente, me empujaba hacia allí donde el sol calla. At last I begin to understand, and so may all the years I devoted to studying your verses, and the deep love I have for you, come to help me now! Virgil, because he recounted Aeneas' journey through the underworld in the Aeniad, is an appropriate guide for Dante on the same journey. In Canto 1 of Dante's Inferno, Dante finds himself ''in a gloomy wood, astray'' in the middle of his life.
La sua scelta, divisa fra Inferno, Purgatorio e Paradiso, è oculata e frutto di un rapporto diretto, personale, con la poesia dantesca. Because I parted persons so united, Parted do I now bear my brain, alas! He takes this to be the way back to the right path and tries to follow it. What is the significance of these being the first spoken words in the poem? We learn not only about the setting, but also that much of what is to come will be an allegory - which is a poetic description that points to a larger idea - for mortal life. We must not forget that 1300 was also the year in which the jubilee. Within these ditches are punished those guilty of Simple Fraud. In Mandelbaum, Allen; Oldcorn, Anthony; Ross, Charles eds.
Dante. The Divine Comedy. Inferno Canto 1 : Dante's Ghost : Free Download, Borrow, and Streaming : Internet Archive
He calls out to it, unsure if it is a man or a ghost. Virgil explains to Dante that if he wants to be saved he must go through Hell and Purgatory and offers to guide him. Sexuality, ecclesiastical and civil office, language, ownership, counsel, authority, psychic influence, and material interdependence — all the media of the community's interchange are perverted and falsified". Unfortunately, three beasts - a panther, a lion, and a she-wolf - all appear, blocking his way. Sayers, Hell Penguin 1975 p. Why climb'st thou not the Mount Delectable, Which is the source and cause of every joy? Indeed, Virgil has long been considered by many the greatest poet of Italian antiquity, an opinion Dante holds.
If this is the case, then Malacoda is referring to a time which is 7 AM, five hours before noon on Holy Saturday. After my weary body I had rested, The way resumed I on the desert slope, So that the firm foot ever was the lower. He praises both her and Virgil for their aid and then continues to follow Virgil toward Hell. Puccio Sciancato remains unchanged for the time being. Virgil Leads Dante Away from the Beasts Dante is relieved to have found a guide as wise and capable as Virgil, and he asks Virgil to help him get past the beasts on the hill. The beginning of the Inferno and of the whole Comedy merits special attention because, like any good beginning, it prepares us for the whole rest of the work. Keep in mind that only a short while ago Dante thought he could escape the dark forest by climbing the mountain.
This first canto is considered an introduction to the rest of the poem. Dante calls Virgil "that well-spring, from which such copious floods of eloquence have issued," as well as "my master. Nevertheless, he seems to have some power of his will left by which he starts to… Continue reading But! She appears in Dante's 1295 poem "La Vita Nuova," wherein the poet extols her beauty and example of spiritual perfection. And so that thou may carry news of me, Know that Bertram de Born am I, the same Who gave to the Young King the evil comfort. We have already seen the… Continue reading I was panting like a swimmer who, now safely on shore, looks back at the dangerous waters behind him.
At Rome my life was past Beneath the mild Augustus, in the time Of fabled Deities and false. Just where the slope began to rise, out sprang a leopard, sleek and fast. Many the animals with whom she weds, And more they shall be still, until the Greyhound Comes, who shall make her perish in her pain. Finally, Virgil refers to his ''song'' about ''Anchises' upright son. This greyhound might refer to the second coming of Christ, or it might refer to a leader who will rid Italy of its various, sinister leaders during Dante's day.