Important buildings of indus valley civilization. Important Indus Valley Sites and Archaeological Discoveries 2022-10-22
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The Indus Valley Civilization, also known as the Harappan Civilization, was a Bronze Age civilization that flourished in the Indus and Ghaggar-Hakra river valleys, covering an area that extended from present-day Pakistan and northwest India to eastern Afghanistan and the western fringes of the Iranian plateau. The civilization, which is believed to have emerged around 2500 BCE, was characterized by well-planned cities, advanced drainage systems, and a thriving trade network.
One of the most important buildings of the Indus Valley Civilization was the Great Bath, which was discovered in the ancient city of Mohenjo-daro. The Great Bath was a large, rectangular structure that was used for public baths and possibly for religious ceremonies. The bath was lined with bricks and had a roof made of wood, which was supported by wooden columns. The floor of the bath was made of a waterproof plaster, and the water was drained through a sophisticated drainage system. The Great Bath is considered a marvel of ancient engineering and is a testament to the advanced level of sophistication and planning that characterized the Indus Valley Civilization.
Another important building of the Indus Valley Civilization was the granary, which was used to store grains and other food items. The granaries were typically located near the center of the city and were made of brick. They were large, rectangular structures with a raised platform and a ramp leading up to the platform. The granaries had a roof made of wood, which was supported by wooden columns. The granaries were used to store grains and other food items, and they played a crucial role in the economy of the Indus Valley Civilization.
Another important building of the Indus Valley Civilization was the citadel, which was a large, fortified structure that was used to defend the city. The citadels were typically located on a high point in the city and were surrounded by a wall. They were usually made of brick and had a number of rooms, which were used for various purposes, including storage, living quarters, and workshops. The citadels were an important part of the defense system of the Indus Valley Civilization and played a vital role in protecting the city from attacks by enemies.
In conclusion, the Indus Valley Civilization was characterized by a number of important buildings, including the Great Bath, the granary, and the citadel. These buildings were built using advanced techniques and materials, and they played a vital role in the daily life and economy of the civilization. The Great Bath, in particular, is considered a marvel of ancient engineering and is a testament to the advanced level of sophistication and planning that characterized the Indus Valley Civilization.
Indus Valley Civilisation
Facets of Jainology: Selected Research Papers on Jain Society, Religion, and Culture. Retrieved 11 February 2007. According to archaeologists, town planning was a strikingly unique feature of Indus valley civilization. Balu Located in the Kaithal district of Haryana, India Balathal Located in the Udaipur district of Rajasthan, India Daimabad Located in the Ahmednagar district of Maharashtra, India. It is entirely possible that the place the Mesopotamians called Meluhha is Indus Valley Civilization. New Delhi: Oxford and IBH Publishing Co.
Sir John Marshall, then Director General of the Archaeological Survey of India, used the term 'Indus civilization' for the culture discovered at Harappa and Mohenjo-daro, a term doubly apt because of the geographical context implied in the name 'Indus' and the presence of cities implied in the word 'civilization'. They also used plain pottery made of red clay. Archaeological excavations in the Indus Valley have shown the existence of well-planned cities, wide roads, excellent sanitary facilities, and the use of bricks in construction. South Asian Archaeology 1977. Lapis Lazuli was the only product immensely popular in the early and late Harappan phases a blue metamorphic rock that people have used as a gemstone, sculpting material or ornamental purposes etc. Individual homes drew water from wells, while waste water was directed to covered drains on the main streets.
40 Important Facts About the Indus Valley Civilization • The Mysterious India
The excavations also uncovered a range of objects, from seals, urns, and pots to jewelry, statuettes, toys, and farm implements. It also contained a great bath and a large granary, an assembly hall, and a high official office. Lead glazes were developed in West Asia to mimic the appearance of porcelain. Fashion-conscious society Ancient remains also point towards the Indus people as very fashion conscious. It has half-closed elongated eyes as if he is in a meditative concentration. Clay mortar was used in the construction of walls and clay plaster for interior walls and surfaces. Use of mud bricks The roads, canals, and buildings of the lower town featured large-scale use of standard-size bricks — both baked and unbaked.
Features of Indus valley Civilization I Great Bath I Citadel I Monhenjo
Such claims may prove to be valid, but modern nationalist arguments complicate the task of South Asian archaeologists who must deal with the poor condition of Harappan sites. . In Possehl Gregory L. Ancient India during the Harappan era had one of the largest populations in the ancient world, far greater than the Middle East or Europe. Although scholars knew it came from India, they did not know precisely where until the Indus Valley Civilisation was discovered.
Major Sites of Indus Valley Civilization & Archaeological Finding
The symbols that accompany the images vary from seal to seal, making it impossible to derive a meaning for the symbols from the images. The potential for population expansion in the hills was severely limited, and so, from the fourth millennium into the third, settlers moved out from the borderlands into the plains and beyond into Gujarat, the first being pastoralists, followed later by farmers. The reasons given include flooding in the Indus Valley and climate change with drastic effects on agricultural production. . Several representations of ships are found on seals and graffiti at Harappa, Mohenjo-daro Figs. The spill-way of many of the channels used for drainage was stepped at varying angles so that the water pouring down should not splash the passer-by in the street. Majumdar and his team.
During the later half of the 2ndmillennium BCE, most of the post-urban Late Harappan settlements were abandoned altogether. The civilization after reaching its climax from 2600 BCE to 1900 BCE started to decline and disappeared somewhat in 1300 BCE. From as early as 7000BCE, communities there started investing increased labor in preparing the land and selecting, planting, tending, and harvesting particular grain-producing plants. The molded terra-cotta tablet shows a flat-bottomed Indus boat with a central cabin. Marine Archaeological Centre, Goa. The present Ghaggar-Hakra valley and its tributary rivers are currently dry or have seasonal flows. One of the most notable aspects of the civilization was its pottery.
Major Sites In Indus Valley Civilization For UPSC IAS Exam
Mehrgarh Located in the Kachi district of Balochistan, Pakistan Mandi Located in the Muzaffarnagar district of Uttar Pradesh, India Pabumath Located in the Kutch District of Gujarat, India. This would suck the stagnant air out of the smaller streets and lanes running at right angles thereby amply ventilating them. Archaeologists believe that this Harappan site would have been on the trade route from Lothal to Mesopotamia. Some of these crafts are still practised in the subcontinent today. It can be inferred that an advanced water management system was employed in the Harappan cities. Archeologists have discovered pottery from a site known as Hassuna in the 7000th century BC. Harappa, Mohanjodaro, Banawali and Dholavira are considered as the four main Harappan Sites.
The Architecture Of Indus Valley Civilization: Its Origin and History
Baking brick houses, elaborate drainage systems, water supply systems, clusters of large non-residential buildings, and handicraft techniques all played a role in the development of these structures. Moreover, the houses had a connection with the covered drains in the streets that drained the wastewater and sewage out of the city. Drainage system Another feature was an advanced system of drainage that the Indus people had developed thousands of years before. Metropolitan Museum of Art. The first pottery was probably made by hand, using simple tools. There were very few of them.