Iltutmish. Major Achievements of Iltutmish 2022-11-09
Iltutmish, also known as Altamash, was a ruler of the Delhi Sultanate in India during the early 13th century. He was a member of the Mamluk dynasty, which had originally come to India as slave-soldiers for previous rulers. However, Iltutmish was able to rise through the ranks and eventually become the sultan of Delhi, ruling from 1211 to 1236.
Iltutmish is known for his military campaigns, which helped to expand the territory of the Delhi Sultanate and strengthen its control over the region. He was able to defeat the Rajputs, a Hindu warrior caste, and also fought against the Mongols who were attempting to invade India.
In addition to his military achievements, Iltutmish is also remembered for his efforts to consolidate and reform the administration of the Delhi Sultanate. He implemented a system of land revenue collection and established a standing army, which helped to increase the efficiency and stability of the government.
Iltutmish was also a patron of the arts and is credited with fostering a culture of learning and scholarship in the Delhi Sultanate. He established a number of madrasas, or Islamic schools, and encouraged the translation of works from Arabic and Persian into Sanskrit and other Indian languages.
Despite these accomplishments, Iltutmish's rule was not without its challenges. He faced opposition from within his own court, and was eventually overthrown by his own son, Rukn ud din Firuz. However, his contributions to the Delhi Sultanate and the history of India have not been forgotten, and he is remembered as a strong and capable ruler who helped to shape the course of history in the region.
Iltutmish, Slave Dynasty
Shams-Ud-Din Iltutmish was born in a tribal community of Ilbari in Turkestan. Iltutmish dealt with them one after another and re-annexed those states. Iltutmish, as he was busy in northwestern frontier had no time to pay his attention to the Revolts of Rajput states. Iltutmish introduced Persian customs and rules in his court, patronised cultured people and scholars. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh Second ed. This led to the declaration of Husamuddin Iwaz as a Sultan. He built a lot of mosques in Delhi and was a patron of the arts and architecture.
Very soon he proved his talent and became a great warrior. Yaldoj fled to Punjab, where Iltutmish defeated Yaldoz at Tarain in a crushing defeat. This unique piece of architecture is said to be built from the ruins of the demolished temples at Delhi. With effect from 1211, the centre of political gravity shifted to Delhi. Iltumish died in 1236A. He returned to Delhi on 20th April, where his astrologers were waiting for him.
After getting sold to a slave dealer, Iltutmish was brought to Bukhara, where Sadar-i Jahan brought him. He also sent a message to Iltutmish not to give shelter to Mangabarni. Qutub-ud-din Aibak died in 1210 A. During the weak rule of Aram, the Rajput kingdoms of Ranthambhor and Gwalior had broken away from the Sultanate. Iltutmish is said to have acquired good education and wide knowledge of the Islamic world during the early days of his hardship.
The Caliph of Baghdad acknowledged him as the emperor of India. This award was not inherited and had to be passed down from officer to officer. Shams-Ud-Din was given the title Iltmash or Altmush at the time of his enthronement. With his death the country lost a great ruler and also there came to an end the long twenty-five years glorious reign of Delhi Sultanate. Thereafter, the territories of Bayana, Ajmer and Sambhar were reconquered.
His father, Ilam Khan, was the leader of a Turkic tribe. Many minarets, mosques, madarsas, Khanqas and tanks were built by him. His accomplishments brought attention of Accession of throne by Iltutmish After the death of Qutub-Ud-Din Aibak, father-in-law of Shams-Ud-Din Iltutmish in 1210 A. Iltutmish did not permit Delhi to be drawn into the central Asian politics. But he had to face several embarrassing circumstances soon after he was made king. The concept of territorial expansion under the Iltutmish rule is divided into separate sections.
Biography of Sultan Iltutmish: Life, Career and Achievements
High officials including Turkish nobles at Delhi decided to invite Iltutmish, the Son-in-law of Aibak to succeed him. When Aibak brought Iltutmish, he was appointed as the head of the bodyguard and paved his path under Aibak quickly. Improvising on Ghori's idea of administrative grants, Iltutmish based his kingdom on the iqta system which ensured the efficient administration of his territories. But Iltutmish was a man of high courage and determination. By dint of his abilities he endeared himself to his master. Character and Achievements of Iltutmish : Iltutmish has occupied a place among the outstanding rulers of Medieval India. Iltutmish is also known for his tactful diplomacy with Mongol ruler Genghis Khan, during the conflict in the Indus Valley region and in securing his territories from invasion.
He strengthened his dominance over them by destroying the northern Rajput forces. Iltutmish was more efficient as well as a capable military commander. This balance between religion and politics became the hallmark of Turkic rule in India. To ensure that this iqta system remained bureaucratic - rather than feudal - in nature, Iltutmish transferred the iqta holders from one region to another, refused to grant them legal immunity, and discouraged localism in administration. All scholars, member; ruling families and capable persons who fled from Central Asia other Islamic states because of the attacks of the Mongols were provided shelter at the court of Iltutmish.
Ravi Shankar Iltutmish Biography Iltutmish belonged to the slave dynasty and succeeded to the throne after Qutub-ud-din-Aibak. Varying accounts claim that Yildiz was captured and executed. Sultan Ghiyasuddin submitted without any fighting recognised the suzerainty of Delhi and agreed to pay the annual tribute. Iltutmish rose rapidly in Qutb al-Din's service, attaining the rank of Amir-i Shikar superintendent of the hunt. Iltutmish spent a majority of his reign annexing to the Delhi Sultanate territories of the former Ghurid empire in north India that were being claimed by rivals and former Ghurid generals.