Hypocrisy is a theme that runs throughout Harper Lee's To Kill a Mockingbird. The novel is set in the 1930s in the Deep South, a time and place where racism and segregation were deeply ingrained in society. Despite this, the story's central character, Atticus Finch, stands up for what he believes is right, even if it means going against the norm. Atticus is a lawyer who is tasked with defending Tom Robinson, a black man who has been falsely accused of raping a white woman. Throughout the trial, Atticus fights against the prejudices of his community and the legal system to try to ensure that Tom gets a fair trial.
Despite Atticus's efforts, Tom is ultimately convicted and sentenced to prison, which highlights the hypocrisy of the justice system in the Deep South. The trial is rigged against Tom from the start, with the judge and the prosecutor working together to ensure that Tom is found guilty. Atticus's heroic efforts to defend Tom are ultimately in vain, as the legal system is stacked against him.
The hypocrisy of the justice system is further highlighted by the character of Bob Ewell, the father of the accuser. Ewell is a violent, abusive man who is known to be a liar, yet he is believed and taken seriously by the community simply because he is white. In contrast, Tom, who is an honest and upstanding member of the community, is not given the same level of respect or credibility simply because he is black.
This hypocrisy extends beyond the justice system, as the characters in the novel often exhibit double standards in their behavior. For example, the character of Scout, the narrator of the story, is initially taught not to use racial slurs by her father. However, she later hears her aunt using the same slurs, illustrating the hypocrisy of those who claim to be against racism but still use hateful language.
In conclusion, hypocrisy is a pervasive theme in To Kill a Mockingbird, as it is present in the justice system and the behavior of many of the characters. Atticus's efforts to defend Tom and stand up for what he believes is right highlight the hypocrisy of the society in which he lives, as he is ultimately unable to bring about change due to the deeply entrenched prejudices of his community. Despite this, Atticus's moral stance serves as an inspiration to the reader, reminding us of the importance of standing up for what we believe in and fighting against injustice, even in the face of overwhelming odds.
Pecuniary jurisdiction refers to the authority of a court to hear cases involving monetary claims or disputes. In Uttar Pradesh, the pecuniary jurisdiction of civil courts is determined by the value of the claim or dispute at hand.
In Uttar Pradesh, the District Court is the primary court for cases involving pecuniary jurisdiction. The District Court has the authority to hear cases involving monetary claims or disputes that are valued at more than INR 20,000. If the value of the claim or dispute is less than INR 20,000, it falls within the jurisdiction of the Small Causes Court.
The pecuniary jurisdiction of the District Court can be further divided into two categories: original jurisdiction and appellate jurisdiction. Original jurisdiction refers to the authority of the District Court to hear cases for the first time, while appellate jurisdiction refers to the authority of the District Court to hear appeals from lower courts.
In cases involving original jurisdiction, the District Court has the authority to hear cases involving monetary claims or disputes that are valued at more than INR 50,000. If the value of the claim or dispute is between INR 20,000 and INR 50,000, it falls within the jurisdiction of the Small Causes Court, but can be appealed to the District Court.
In cases involving appellate jurisdiction, the District Court has the authority to hear appeals from the Small Causes Court and other lower courts in Uttar Pradesh. The District Court also has the authority to hear appeals from the High Court in cases where the value of the claim or dispute is more than INR 1 lakh.
In addition to the District Court, the High Court of Allahabad also has pecuniary jurisdiction in Uttar Pradesh. The High Court has the authority to hear cases involving monetary claims or disputes that are valued at more than INR 2 lakhs. The High Court also has the authority to hear appeals from the District Court and other lower courts in Uttar Pradesh.
In summary, the pecuniary jurisdiction of civil courts in Uttar Pradesh is determined by the value of the claim or dispute at hand. The District Court has the primary jurisdiction for cases involving monetary claims or disputes, while the High Court has jurisdiction for cases involving higher values. The Small Causes Court also has jurisdiction for cases involving lower values, but these cases can be appealed to the District Court.
Ginni Rometty is an American business executive who is currently the executive chairman of IBM. She is known for her work in the field of technology and has played a key role in shaping the direction of the company during her tenure as CEO. According to Celebrity Net Worth, Rometty has an estimated net worth of $60 million.
Rometty began her career at IBM in 1981 as a systems engineer and has worked her way up through the ranks to become one of the most respected executives in the industry. She has held a number of leadership positions within the company, including head of sales and distribution, and was named president and CEO in 2012.
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Overall, Ginni Rometty's net worth of $60 million is a reflection of her hard work and dedication to her career in technology. Her leadership and vision have helped to shape the direction of IBM and have made her one of the most respected executives in the industry.