Humanistic vs psychodynamic perspectives. Behaviorist, Humanistic, and Psychodynamic Perspectives of Psychology Assignment Example 2022-10-13
Humanistic vs psychodynamic perspectives
Humanistic and psychodynamic perspectives are two broad approaches to understanding and addressing human behavior and mental processes. These perspectives have some similarities and differences, and they have both influenced the field of psychology in significant ways.
The humanistic perspective is centered on the idea that people are inherently good and have the potential to grow and achieve their full potential. This perspective emphasizes the subjective experiences of individuals, including their thoughts, feelings, and perceptions. It focuses on the present moment and encourages self-exploration and personal growth.
The psychodynamic perspective, on the other hand, emphasizes the unconscious mind and the role that past experiences and unconscious conflicts play in shaping behavior and mental processes. This perspective was developed by Sigmund Freud and his followers, and it suggests that unconscious desires, fears, and motivations can influence behavior and decision-making in ways that people are not aware of.
One key difference between these two perspectives is the focus on the individual versus the focus on the past. The humanistic perspective emphasizes the present and the potential for personal growth, while the psychodynamic perspective emphasizes the past and the unconscious conflicts and desires that shape behavior.
Another difference is the focus on the self versus the focus on relationships. The humanistic perspective emphasizes the importance of individual self-awareness and personal growth, while the psychodynamic perspective emphasizes the role of relationships and interpersonal dynamics in shaping behavior and mental processes.
Despite these differences, both perspectives have contributed significantly to the field of psychology and have influenced the way we understand and address mental health and well-being. The humanistic perspective has led to the development of therapies that focus on self-exploration and personal growth, such as person-centered therapy and gestalt therapy. The psychodynamic perspective has influenced the development of therapies that focus on unconscious conflicts and the role of the past in shaping present behavior, such as psychoanalysis and cognitive-behavioral therapy.
Overall, both the humanistic and psychodynamic perspectives offer valuable insights into human behavior and mental processes, and they have both influenced the way we approach mental health and well-being. While they have some differences, they can also be complementary and can be used together to better understand and address the needs of individuals.
Psychodynamic and Humanistic Approaches
The long term goals of psychodynamic psychotherapy are symptom and personality change. Clinical Gerontologist, 36, 1—16. Acts as mediator between the id and the superego and the Superego — parental and social influences. ·Projection: attributing uncomfortable feelings to others. This appears to indicate the child's lack of coherent coping strategy. . He is the creator of psychoanalysis.
Explore the psychodynamic and Humanistic approach
Superego- morals, demands from the outside e. Bibliography Jacobs, M, 2004. Rogers did not attempt to interpret but let her take the direction of the conversation, this proved successful. An aspect of analysis that has both positive and negative repercussions is transference, which occurs when patients view their analysts as parents, role models, or other figures from their past. His work was influenced by his experience of being a client and a counsellor Casemore, 2006 and he believed a trusting relationship was essential in helping the client to grow and develop in order that they could cope with difficulties in a more effective manner and to function more effectively.
Humanistic Vs Psychodynamic Perspective Essay
Creating these conditions for growth in therapy facilitate an environmental that helps the client a more functioning person. The preconscious states are thoughts that are out of consciousness because we are either currently preoccupied with something else or we deliberately chosen to put it out of our mind. For Adler, meanings are not determined by situation, but we are self-determined by the meaning we attribute to a situation. Meaning they try to understand the situation and the emotional feelings the person is going through for them to have that specific type of behaviour, they try to understand the behaviour of the person by looking at it from their perspective. . .
Behaviorist, Humanistic, and Psychodynamic Perspectives of Psychology Assignment Example
The present is the most important part of life we are living in and therefore humanists focus on the present of the person rather than looking at the past or trying to predict future. Therefore, Freud believed in moderation for family upbringing. This explains why criminals opt for evil deeds in a society dominated by responsible people. The notion of self-actualization lacks empirical support, but correlations have been generated to help validate the effectiveness of the approach in practice. Humanistic therapy aims at ensuring that human beings are held with constructive view and substantial capacity of self determination. . Some cognitive-behavioral therapies, for instance, use reinforcement strategies to promote positive behaviors and remove negative ones, such as drug addiction and alcoholism.
Difference between humanistic and psychoanalytical perspective Analysis Essay Example
Unconscious mediation is through unconscious processes. Influential figure in the development of the approach include Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers. I will evaluate them contrast their strengths and weakness ,and give my personal opinion in which one I felt is better for treatment of the human behavior. MLA 8 Brown, gene. It is very person centred. Moreover, the aim of humanistic psychology is to make people make their own choices and fulfill their potential.
The Comparison Between Psychodynamic And Humanistic Theory Compare And Contrast Essay Example
The enforces for the humanists is on how you are feeling here and now whilst Freud focused on what happened in the past in form of repressed childhood experiences to explain human behaviour. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 60, 209—215. Humanism emphasises the difference between human beings and animals by stating that humans are fundamentally different from other animals due to their consciousness. According to Freud, self or ego regulates between the id and external reality Capuzzi, 2004. He excelled in various areas such as student learning therapy and client centred therapy.
Difference Between Psychodynamic Perspective and Humanistic Perspective
Maladaptive patterns of behavior may consequently follow. Psychodynamic therapy places emphasis on unconscious processes revealed in ones present behavior. The last difference I will highlight is in assessment. It also causes humanistic psychologists to reject animal research because of its inability to be applied to complex human scenarios and perceptions. Insight at any age: Psychodynamic treatment of older adults. They do this through discussions and interactions with the therapist.
Psychodynamic and humanistic
He divides the Self into two distinct categories — the real self and the ideal self. Along the way, we may get stuck in a cycle, flounder in a transition, struggle in relationships or face mental illness. The founder of psychodynamic perspective …show more content… 60-61. Others also claimed his concept of unconscious theory, death instinct cannot be scientifically measured. Freud believed that the human personality was split into three parts the id, the superego and the ego. During the oral phase, the individual places emphasis on providing satisfaction for the needs of the mouth, which emerges as the first erotogenic zone During the sadistic-anal phase, satisfaction is sought through aggression and in the xcretory function. The following paragraphs will explore the biospychosocial model of care in contrast to the biomedical model, will look at its advantages and critics, the biopsychosocial issues at young adulthood, how the biopsychosocial approach is used into in the ward where the writer was on placement, and the way the writer will exploit this approach in the future.
Humanistic And Psychodynamic Perspectives Psychology Essay
Bullies usually enact the first type. However his approach continues bringing debates in the Psychology area. A humanistic therapists bears several ideal qualities among them; being genuine, non-judgmental, emphatic, reflective listener, use of open-ended responses. There are six major perspectives in psychology such as the behavioral approach, the psychodynamic approach, the cognitive approach, the humanistic approach, the social approach and the biological approach in order to understand its nature Jarvis, 2000, p. The interplay between the three is constant, and what affects one, affects the others. The afterimage effect is a visual illusion where the retinal impressions are still visible after the removal of a stimulus. It also believes that our behavior is largely determined by our environment Simply psychology, n.
Psychoanalytic Versus Humanistic: Comparative Analysis
Sigmund Freud, Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers have contributed significantly to the growth of psychology Capuzzi, 2004. These self-actualizing experiences are a total process of a person perceive his or her life experiences and it depends on the external environment which is either positively or negatively inserted. It represents a positive view of human experience. Skinner provided a simple explanation for behavior. Rogers believed that we have an image of the ideal-self and who we really are and if these two images are the same, than we will have a good …show more content… 7. During the phallic phase, the young boy enters the Oedipus phase where he fears his father and castration while simultaneously fantasizing about sexual relations with his mother The young girl, in contrast, enters the Electra phase, where she experiences penis envy, which often culminates in her turning away from sexual life altogether. The ego is conscious and is the balancing and rationalising part of the mind it has to balance impulses of the id and the guilt of the super ego.