# How can you determine if an argument is valid. [Solved] Discrete Math 2022-10-26

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An argument is a group of statements, called premises, that are offered in support of another statement, called the conclusion. An argument is considered to be valid if the conclusion follows logically from the premises. In other words, if the premises of the argument provide sufficient support for the conclusion, then the argument is considered to be valid.

There are several ways to determine if an argument is valid. One way is to use the process of syllogism. A syllogism is a kind of logical argument that applies deductive reasoning to arrive at a conclusion based on two premises.

For example, consider the following argument:

Premise 1: All birds can fly. Premise 2: Penguins are birds. Conclusion: Therefore, penguins can fly.

In this argument, the conclusion follows logically from the premises. The first premise establishes that all birds have the ability to fly, and the second premise establishes that penguins are a type of bird. Based on these two premises, it logically follows that penguins can fly.

Another way to determine if an argument is valid is to use the process of formal logic. Formal logic is a system of rules that allows you to determine the validity of an argument by representing it in symbolic form and applying logical rules to the symbols.

For example, consider the following argument represented in symbolic form:

Premise 1: P Premise 2: Q Conclusion: P âˆ§ Q

In this argument, the symbol "âˆ§" represents the logical operator "and," and the symbol "P" represents the first premise and the symbol "Q" represents the second premise. Based on the rules of formal logic, this argument is valid because the conclusion follows logically from the premises.

There are other ways to determine if an argument is valid, such as using informal logic or critical thinking skills. However, the above methods are some of the most common ways to evaluate the validity of an argument.

In conclusion, determining if an argument is valid is an important part of critical thinking and problem-solving. By using the process of syllogism or formal logic, or by applying critical thinking skills, you can evaluate the strength of an argument and determine if it is logical and well-supported.

## How do you determine if an argument is valid?

An argument is effective and valid, in other words, it works, only when all its elements work. The conclusion is a conditional with the same antecedent as the first premise and the same consequent as the final premise. If you can, then the argument is invalid; if you can't, then the argument is valid. The reasons must be logical, clear, and directly relative to and supportive of the claim. To determine if an argument is valid, you must identify the pattern of the argument and check to see whether the pattern is valid or invalid. But, just because they are assumed to be true, does not mean that they are. If there is one or more rows, then the argument is not valid.

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## How to Analyze an Argument's Effectiveness & Validity

The person making the argument holds assumptions as given and usually expects his or her audience to also. In them, he would propose premises as a puzzle, to be connected using syllogisms. The Fallacy of the Converse The fallacy of the converse arises when a conditional and its consequent are given as premises, and the antecedent is the conclusion. How do you evaluate an argument? The fallacy of the converse incorrectly tries to assert that the converse of a statement is equivalent to that statement. So, 3 Stef teaches philosophy.

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## Evaluating Arguments

In the language of Venn diagrams, the argument is valid if all of the information on the conclusion diagram is in the premise diagram. It describes a chain reaction: if the first thing happens, then the second thing happens, and if the second thing happens, then the third thing happens. The five types of argument are therefore text, intent, precedent, tradition, and policy. How to test the validity of a categorical syllogism? What is a valid argument form? A valid argument is one in which it is impossible for the premises to be true while the conclusion is false. What are the 5 types of arguments? Along with a claim, reasons, and evidence, every argument contains assumptions, which are stated or unstated beliefs that must be held in order to accept the claim of the argument. How do you tell if an argument is valid using a truth table? Does it follow that the schools should therefore drop parking fees altogether? Evidence may be verifiable facts or statistics, stories or examples, or testimony from expert witnesses.

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## How do you determine the validity of an argument using a Venn diagram?

How do you know if a syllogism is valid? If the inductive argument is not only strong but also has all true premises, then it is called cogent. He also assumes that students are financially strapped. If the answer is yes, then the argument is valid. How do you detect good argument from bad argument? EVALUATING ARGUMENT: VALIDITY AND SOUNDNESS An argument is a combination of statements. What are characteristics of a valid argument? Valid: an argument is valid if and only if it is necessary that if all of the premises are true, then the conclusion is true; if all the premises are true, then the conclusion must be true; it is impossible that all the premises are true and the conclusion is false.

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## How do you determine the validity of an argument?

In logic, an argument is a set of statements expressing the premises whatever consists of empirical evidences and axiomatic truths and an evidence-based conclusion. What types of arguments are valid? Premises of the argument state reasons for believing that the conclusion s of the argument is true. An argument is invalid if and only if all the premises is true and the conclusion is false. We could even have more than two premises; as long as they form a chain reaction, the transitive property will give us a valid argument. So, is this argument valid? NOTE : Whenever a diagram of the premises of an argument produces exactly three shaded regions, the argument is not valid. How do you determine the validity of categorical syllogism? What are the four benefits of using Venn diagrams? What are valid and invalid arguments? All its premises are true. How do you know if an argument is valid or invalid without truth table? While it is silly, this is a logical conclusion from the given premises.

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## [Solved] Discrete Math

If additional premises turned up, like there have been reports of a bear in the area, then that would also make the argument uncogent. As we dig a little deeper, though, we might ask ourselves why the editor is making this claim. Otherwise, a deductive argument is said to be invalid. If a representation of the conclusion is absent, the argument is invalid. Both premises are true and the conclusion is also true. So, we check to see if there is a row on the truth table that has all true premises and a false conclusion. In a Venn diagram, a shaded area indicates an empty class.

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## logic

Rather, the question is what are the premises saying and what are they not saying, and whether if they were true would the conclusion be true. Finally, we need to examine the assumptions behind the argument and see if they are logical and true. What makes an argument valid and sound? An argument is sound if it is valid and the premises are all actually true. We'll begin with a formal definition of argument. Validity can be established with a truth table in the following manner: construct a column for each premise and a column for the conclusion.

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## Determine if an argument is valid or invalid

Lesson Summary Let's review. Examine each row of the truth table looking for an invalidating row, that is, a row in which each of the premises is true, and the conclusion is false. Â· Arguments may need to be re-structured in order to fit a specific pattern. Further, he assumes that the conditions between his school and other schools are similar. A valid argument is one where the premises, if they were true, would guarantee the truth of the conclusion. Is he concerned with student welfare? Inside the intersection of the two circles overlapping area , write all the traits that the objects have in common.

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