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The Hittites were a ancient civilization that flourished in Anatolia (present-day Turkey) during the Bronze Age. They established a powerful empire that stretched from the eastern Mediterranean to the Black Sea, and they are known for their sophisticated culture and innovative technological achievements.
The Hittites first emerged around the 16th century BC, and over time they developed a complex system of government, laws, and social organization. They were skilled at metalworking, and they produced weapons and other objects made of bronze and iron. The Hittites also developed a system of writing called cuneiform, which they used to record their laws, history, and literature.
One of the most famous Hittite rulers was King Hattusili I, who reigned from 1650-1600 BC. He is credited with unifying the Hittite kingdom and establishing the capital at Hattusa. Under his rule, the Hittites became a major power in the ancient Near East, and they engaged in diplomatic and military campaigns against neighboring civilizations such as the Assyrians and the Egyptians.
The Hittites are also known for their contributions to art and architecture. They built elaborate palaces and temples, and they produced a wide range of artistic works including sculptures, reliefs, and ceramics.
Despite their impressive achievements, the Hittite civilization eventually declined, and by the 12th century BC it had disappeared from the historical record. However, their legacy lives on through the many artifacts and ruins that have been discovered in modern times, including the extensive ruins of the capital city of Hattusa.
Today, the Hittites are remembered as a key civilization in the history of the ancient Near East, and their story continues to be told on television programs such as the History Channel. Their contributions to art, technology, and government continue to be studied and admired by scholars and enthusiasts around the world.
The Hittites: Civilization, History & Definition
The other structures discovered include a warehouse for large jars where grain, wine and olive oil were stored. Tudhaliyas I, followed by Arnuwandas I and Tudhaliyas II like Trevor Bryce and Ali Dincol have concluded. Hittite king Huzziya 1519-1513 B. The iron technology of the Hittites indeed filtered its way to the Hittite enemies, whom likely acquired Hittite iron technology after Hittite king Tudhaliyas I 1489-1467 B. Hittites presented Thutmose I with tribute. Troy and Homer: Towards a Solution of an Old Mystery.
YouTube Follow us on Youtube! There is no reason to assume that speakers of Indo-European languages were not always present in Anatolia, nor can we say that they would have been a clearly identifiable group by the second millennium. Hittites sack Babylon bringing down Amorite king Samsu-ditana's government. This would suggest that the references reflect the Neo-Hittites. Collon, Ancient Near Eastern art London, The British Museum Press, 1995 C. It does not fit into their imperialist world view, and it has the potential to change a lot of things once this truth is revealed. Writings from the Ancient World Society of Biblical Literature.
Hagop I must disagree the hurrians were actually Porto Armenian. The political instability of these years of the Old Hittite Kingdom can be explained in part by the nature of the Hittite kingship at that time. They also pioneered the manufacture and use of iron. It is the largest known Hittite rock monument. The Mitanni backed Arzawa nation burned the Hittite capital Hattusas to the ground in Hittite king Arunwandas I reign. Saggs show the Mitanni kings following Saustatar are Artatama I, Shuttarna II, and Tushratta which is correct. Telipinus wrote in a proclamation that held solid control and peace within his kingdom.
He, along with Caleb, gave a good report about the land of milk and honey; and were rewarded by God as they entered Jericho destroying that city in 1455 B. During the excavations, archaeologists discovered thousands of cuneiform tablets written in an unknown language. Since 1997, the excavations have been carried out by Ankara University under the direction of Prof. Very few records have been found in this century after Telipinus's reign ended in 1500 BC. Hittite king Arunwandas I 1467-1444 B.
At its height, the empire encompassed central Turkey, north western Syria, and Upper Mesopotamia north eastern Syria and northern Iraq. The article Biblical Archaeology Review examines what archaeology and the Bible say about the Hittites. They called their kingdom Hatti and they spoke a language called Nessian or Hittite. The fall of the Hittite empire c. Hittite king Tudhaliyas I was backed by the Kizzuwandans when he attacked Mitanni king Saustatar's army.
After the fall of the Hittite empire, ironsmiths migrated into many areas, taking with them their knowledge of ironwork. Metallurgy is the use of metals and the science of separating metals from their ores. Huzziya rebuilds Hittite towns. Among many items Amenhotep II received as tribute from conquering the Mitanni was a dancing girl from Alalakh, the vassal Mitanni state where Idrimi once had ruled. The Hittites can attribute much of their success to their adeptness for metallurgy.
The walls rested on top of a cliff and the cave was below the outer wall—n fact the wall had collapsed at this point because of the collapse of the cave roof near the mouth. Hittite king Hantilas 1595-1564 B. Hittite king Arunwandas I 1467-1444 B. New York: Oxford University Press. Mitanni king Tushratta offers Amenhotep III war booty he had captured from Hittite king Suppiluliumas I 1428-1392 B.
Mattiwaza dies in Hittite king Muwatallis sixth year when the Hittites are having war with Egyptian king Seti I. Tudhaliya IV 1237—1209 B. Arunwandas I lost to the Hittite enemies welds true Hittite history together. From Anatolia modern Turkey , 3. To a certain extent, the composition history of the Pentateuch may be relevant to this discussion.