Hatshepsut punt. Hatshepsut's expedition to Punt as recorded in Egyptian art 2022-10-13
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Hatshepsut was a Pharaoh of Ancient Egypt who is perhaps best known for being the first woman to hold the title of Pharaoh. She was the fifth Pharaoh of the 18th Dynasty and ruled from 1479 to 1458 BCE.
Hatshepsut was the daughter of Pharaoh Thutmose I and Queen Ahmose, and she was married to her half-brother, Thutmose II, who was also her cousin. When Thutmose II died, Hatshepsut became the regent for her stepson, Thutmose III, who was still a child. However, she eventually declared herself Pharaoh and ruled in her own right for over 20 years.
During her reign, Hatshepsut was a successful and effective ruler. She expanded the territory of Ancient Egypt through military campaigns and trade expeditions, and she also commissioned many construction projects, including the construction of her mortuary temple at Deir el-Bahri.
One of the most notable aspects of Hatshepsut's reign is that she was a woman ruling in a male-dominated society. Despite this, she was able to maintain her power and authority and is remembered as one of the most successful Pharaohs in Ancient Egyptian history.
Hatshepsut's legacy is still evident today. She is remembered as a powerful and influential figure in Ancient Egyptian history, and her mortuary temple at Deir el-Bahri is a popular tourist attraction. Additionally, Hatshepsut's rule has been studied by historians and scholars as a unique example of a woman ruling in a patriarchal society.
Mysteries of Egypt
If so, it would have been after a long hiatus possibly of some two centuries. Like any other Egyptian king, and perhaps more so because of her unorthodox rise to power, Hatshepsut had to prove her fitness to rule. Obelisk Barge Above is a model of a river barge used for transporting obelisks from quarries to the installation sites. Offrant une perspective nouvelle dans la discussion de Punt, cet article explore les raisons de son expédition particulière à cette terre fabuleuse. The success of the expedition increased Hatshepsut 's intimacy with Amen as Amen commanded the expedition to her, 'The ways to Punt should be searched out. Most discussions regarding the relationship between pharaonic Egypt and the "land of Punt" have focused on the latter's location a subject of considerable debate and exotic imports.
The Rosen Publishing Group. Wilson writes: The people of Punt are flatteringly amazed at the boldness of the Egyptian sailors: "How did you reach here, the country unknown to men? Offering a new perspective in the discussion of Punt, this paper explores the rationale behind her particular expedition to this fabled land. In general, women in Egyptian society had more rights than in other early civilizations women could own property for example , yet the idea of having a female ruler in her own right was still considered an unique occurrence: only Khent-Kaues, Sobeknefru and maybe Nitocris pre-date her as ruling in their own name, and none of these women were supported by the ruling and religious classes like Hatshepsut. Les comparaisons entre les preuves textuelles et iconographiques de l'expédition d'Hatchepsout et un similaire à partir d'un lointain prédécesseur le roi Sahure et ceux des rois ultérieurs suggèrent la nature politique de l'entreprise, qui est en outre soulignée par son synchronisme apparente en relation avec Hatchepsout's couronnement. Secondary source: The Temple of Deir el Bahari, a six-volume work published in 1894 by the Swiss Egyptologist Edouard Naville.
But why would the god bid Hatshepsut welcome, if she had not been away? The ruler of Egypt, one of the mightiest and wealthiest lands on earth, visited the king of Israel and paid homage to him! She managed to rule as regent for a son who was not her own, defying the system which had previously only allowed direct mothers to rule on behalf of their biological sons. Yet if Hatshepsut did go to Punt, this still leaves us with the problem of explaining why she was so demure in her claims. Moreover, she used this regency to manufacture her female kingship, constructing extensive temples to celebrate her reign, thereby forcing the public to grow accustomed to seeing a woman in such a powerful role. . Relief and paint showing Egyptian soldiers in the expedition to the Land of Punt at the Temple of Hatshepsut. Hatshepsut was not different from them; she always strived for big things in her life and her death.
Hatshepsut built architectural wonders to provide for her people, and to please her gods. After examining the contribution she made to the new Kingdom, historians generally agree this person was one of the greatest contributors to Egypt's ancient legacy in world history. This assessment of the situation probably is too simplistic, however. Had that been true, as head of the army, in a position given to him by Hatshepsut who was clearly not worried about her co-regent's loyalty , he surely could have led a successful coup, but he made no attempt to challenge her authority during her reign, and her accomplishments and images remained featured on all of the public buildings she built for 20 years after her death. Retrieved 30 November 2021. This was the first recorded attempt to transplant foreign trees.
Retrieved 27 May 2014. Egyptians relied on trade with Punt for many of their most highly prized possessions. Hatshepsut claimed that she was her father's intended heir and that he made her the heir apparent of Egypt. Where is Punt land of the gods? Edwards states that 'her reign was generally peaceful and she increased the trade borders of the country '. Separate events were held throughout the length and breadth of Egypt. Hatshepsut held the prestigious position of God's wife of Amun and this may have given her some influence with the priesthood Robins … Ancient History Assess the Contribution and Impact of at Least Two Queens During This Period.
Hatshepsut and the Politics of Punt — University of Arizona
The overall impression then, as presented in the surviving inscriptions and illustrations at Deir el Bahri, is that Hatshepsut sent an expedition of her servants to Punt, who presented the natives with a few trinkets, and who were given, in return, fabulously wealthy treasures, which were transported back to Egypt with the help of Puntite sailors. Retrieved 12 January 2021. Although she did hold Queen status, her reign, especially after, was disregarded and even erased. The illustration shows the trade expedition to the Land of Punt sent by queen Hatshepsut. The expedition came at a very good time, when Hatshepsut needed to justify her reign and keep her people happy. It is clear that seafaring had been a regular undertaking in Egyptian history but needed a current champion to undertake a noteworthy expedition during this generation of Egyptians. She did so by economic means: international trade under the guise of an act of religious piety.
How did the successful Punt expedition help Hatshepsut?
Line drawing copy from a relief of Queen Hatshepsut's expedition to the Land of Punt. As for the King of Egypt, there is no road which is inaccessible to His Majesty; we live by the breath he grants to us. Bradley identifies that she opened a peaceful trading route, while Bentley also agrees with this. Zahi Hawass, the Cairo Museum and some egyptologists have refused to do it as it would require destroying the tooth to retrieve the DNA. However, in 2011, the tooth was identified as the molar from a lower jaw, whereas the mummy from KV60 was missing a molar from its upper jaw, thus casting doubt on the supposed identification.
Contributions feature timely interregional continental or subcontinental studies covering a wide research range, including: cultural continuities and discontinuities; interregional interactions; biocultural evolution; cultural dynamics and ecology; the role of cultural materials in politics and ideology; the application of ethnohistorical, textual, and ethnoarchaeological data in archaeological interpretation; conservation; management of cultural heritage, information technology, and public archaeology. Egypt began trade with the Land of Punt during the period of the Old Kingdom c. The leopard skins from Punt were worn by priests, the gold became statuary, the incense was burned in the temples. The expedition to Punt provided Hatshepsut with resources and was useful on a religious, political, and financial scale. In the Eighteenth Dynasty of Egypt, Hatshepsut built a Red Sea fleet to facilitate trade between the head of the Gulf of Aqaba and points south as far as Punt to bring mortuary goods to Karnak in exchange for Nubian gold. The queen herself supervised the weighing of the incense and precious metals, and the accompanying inscriptions reads: Reckoning the numbers, summing up in millions, hundreds of thousands, tens of thousands, thousands and hundreds: reception of the marvels of Punt Breasted, Records, Vol. Retrieved 19 September 2016.