Gardner education. Howard Gardner: Theory & Impact on Education 2022-11-08
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Gardner education, also known as multiple intelligences theory, is a psychological and educational framework proposed by psychologist Howard Gardner in the 1980s. It suggests that there are at least eight different ways that individuals can demonstrate intelligence, rather than just the traditional notion of intelligence being based on one's ability to perform well on cognitive tasks, such as tests of verbal or mathematical ability. These eight different intelligences are linguistic, logical-mathematical, musical, bodily-kinesthetic, spatial, naturalist, interpersonal, and intrapersonal.
The theory of multiple intelligences has had a significant impact on the field of education, as it challenges the traditional view that intelligence is solely based on one's ability to perform well on tests and encourages educators to consider a broader range of skills and abilities when evaluating students. Gardner's theory also suggests that students should be taught using a variety of methods that take into account their unique strengths and intelligences, rather than a one-size-fits-all approach.
One of the main criticisms of Gardner's theory is that it lacks scientific support and that the concept of multiple intelligences has not been fully validated through research. However, Gardner and his supporters argue that the theory is not meant to be a definitive explanation of intelligence, but rather a framework for understanding and appreciating the diversity of human abilities.
Despite the controversy surrounding the theory of multiple intelligences, it has had a significant impact on the field of education and has encouraged educators to think more broadly about intelligence and to consider a wider range of skills and abilities when evaluating and teaching students. It has also helped to promote the idea that individuals have unique strengths and that education should be tailored to meet the needs of each individual student.
Gardner's Theory of Multiple Intelligences
Bodily-kinesthetic intelligence is about controlling the movement of your body. For example, Trent likes to listen to others and really understands what makes them tick. The multiple intelligence theory can draw students back into learning. Naturalist intelligence is about understanding the natural world. Contents: I want my children to understand the world, but not just because the world is fascinating and the human mind is curious.
They tend to enjoy self-reflection and analysis, including daydreaming, exploring relationships with others, and assessing their personal strengths. For example, an individual might be strong in verbal, musical, and naturalistic intelligence. He thinks he must not be smart. The existence of idiots savants, prodigies and other exceptional individuals. People have a unique blend of intelligences. Remember that Trent is very good at sports.
Support from psychometric findings. Because of their close association in most cultures, they are often linked together. It allows people to work effectively with others. Traditionally, schools have focused only on linguistic and logical-mathematical intelligences, but Gardner's work has made it possible for classes like music and athletics to be valued, as well. One option is to encourage students to work in groups.
Intelligence Reframed: Multiple Intelligences for the 21st Century. Gardner first outlined his theory in his 1983 book Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligences, where he suggested that all people have different kinds of "intelligences. He has also challenged the cognitive development work of Piaget. Susceptibility to encoding in a symbol system. According to Howard Gardner musical intelligence runs in an almost structural parallel to linguistic intelligence.
Gardner 1999: 98 Howard Gardner himself has not pursued this approach because of a more general worry with such testing — that it leads to labelling and stigmatization. Paradoxically, constraints can be suggestive and ultimately freeing. He's very good at playing sports, and he really likes talking to other people. It is hard to enough to teach even when anything can be taught; what to do if there are distinct limits and strong constraints on human cognition and learning? The multiple intelligences themselves also provide a good focus for reflection. Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences has had a large influence on the educational world.
Howard Gardner, multiple intelligences and education
Howard Gardner appears to have embraced the opportunities there — and to have elicited the support and interest of some very able teachers. It also provides educators with a conceptual framework for organizing and reflecting on curriculum assessment and pedagogical practices. Overall, students need to develop intelligence in many different areas to be well-rounded and to be the most successful they can be. New York: HarperCollins College Publishers. He described existential intelligence as an ability to delve into deeper questions about life and existence. His parents had fled from Nürnberg in Germany in 1938 with their three-year old son, Eric.
From there he went to Harvard University to study history in readiness for a career in the law. I once thought it possible to create a set of tests of each intelligence — an intelligence-fair version to be sure — and then simply to determine the correlation between the scores on the several tests. Logical-mathematical intelligence is about math and science. This intelligence includes the ability to effectively use language to express oneself rhetorically or poetically; and language as a means to remember information. His parents wanted to send Howard to Phillips Academy in Andover Massachusetts — but he refused. Further reading and references The main Howard Gardner writings on multiple intelligences are as follows: Gardner, Howard 1983; 1993 Frames of Mind: The theory of multiple intelligences, New York: Basic Books.
However, he still argues that it makes sense to think of two forms of personal intelligence. Howard Gardner Scientific career Fields Psychology, education Institutions Harvard University Influences Jean Piaget, Jerome Bruner, Nelson Goodman How is Howard Gardner theory in the classroom? But there were others: My mind was really opened when I went to Harvard College and had the opportunity to study under individuals—such as psychoanalyst Erik Erikson, sociologist David Riesman, and cognitive psychologist Jerome Bruner—who were creating knowledge about human beings. In turn, this reflection has led many educators to develop new approaches that might better meet the needs of the range of learners in their classrooms. While a person might be particularly strong in a specific area, such as musical intelligence, he or she most likely possesses a range of abilities. They can present material in ways that makes sense to students of differing aptitudes and encourage students to work in groups to develop interpersonal and intrapersonal skills. They may also prefer working alone instead of working in a group. It has been embraced by a range of educational theorists and, significantly, applied by teachers and policymakers to the problems of schooling.
Here we explore the theory of multiple intelligences; why it has found a ready audience amongst educationalists; and some of the issues around its conceptualization and realization. Courses involving music and other arts are becoming more and more popular as people realize that they matter, too. Not only that but activities like sports can increase a child's interpersonal and bodily-kinesthetic intelligence, so Gardner's theory validates them, as well. Howard Gardner 1993: xxiv disputes much of the evidence and argues that it is not possible, as yet, to know how far intelligences actually correlate. London: Institute of Education, University of London. Educators, salespeople, religious and political leaders and counsellors all need a well-developed interpersonal intelligence. Writers, poets, lawyers and speakers are among those that Howard Gardner sees as having high linguistic intelligence.