Fretheim exodus. How “Historical” is Exodus? Fretheim’s Inklings 2022-10-21
Fretheim exodus Rating:
The Book of Exodus, the second book of the Hebrew Bible and the Christian Old Testament, tells the story of the Israelites' exodus from slavery in Egypt. This event is considered one of the most significant events in the history of the Israelites, as it marks the beginning of their journey towards becoming a nation and receiving the Law from God through Moses.
According to the biblical narrative, the Israelites lived in Egypt for several generations after Joseph, one of their ancestors, had been sold into slavery and rose to a position of power in the Egyptian government. However, a new Pharaoh came to power who did not remember Joseph and the Israelites' service to Egypt. He began to fear the Israelites, who had become numerous and prosperous, and so he made them slaves, forcing them to work on his building projects and treating them cruelly.
The Israelites cried out to God for help, and God chose Moses, an Israelite who had been raised in the Pharaoh's household, to be their leader and deliver them from slavery. God commanded Moses to go to Pharaoh and demand that he let the Israelites go, but Pharaoh refused. In response, God sent a series of plagues upon Egypt, culminating in the death of every firstborn son in the land. This event, known as the Passover, finally convinced Pharaoh to release the Israelites.
The Israelites left Egypt in a hurry, taking with them only what they could carry and leaving behind their possessions. They followed God's instructions and celebrated the Passover, which involved slaughtering a lamb and spreading its blood over the doorposts of their homes. This was a sign to God to pass over the Israelites' homes and spare their firstborn sons, as he had done in Egypt.
The Israelites traveled through the wilderness, led by God's presence in a pillar of cloud by day and a pillar of fire by night. They received the Law from God through Moses on Mount Sinai, and they eventually arrived at the land of Canaan, which God had promised to give them.
The story of the Israelites' exodus from Egypt is a powerful and enduring tale that has had a significant impact on the history and religion of the Israelites and many other cultures. It is a story of God's faithfulness and power, and it serves as a reminder that God is always with us, even in times of hardship and struggle.
[PDF] Exodus by Terence E. Fretheim eBook
The more Israel is oppressed, the more it grows. But such fulfillments often bring problems in their train as well as creative possibilities. For this reason, his own reading of Exodus will be influenced by his own religious background, Christianity and Lutheran. At least one decisively new element in this text is not present in chapters 19-24. His fears become structured into an oppressive system. This section is not only filled with irony, it reveals the symbolic character of the narrative, whatever its historical grounding may be. He gives great insights on the correlation between Exodus and the New Testament.
A life-supporting situation becomes life-threatening. Rather, at the very inception of the sacrificial system it is a glimpse into the heart of the heavenly reality to which the sacrificial system points. God places the relationship with Israel on a new footing. Terence Fretheim gives special treatment to the significance of the hardening of Pharaoh's heart, the relationship between law and narrative, and the shaping of literature by liturgy. With God, service is freedom. But, as the narrative unfolds, we learn that the people of Israel clearly thought God was presenting them with an agreement between equals, and although they liked, appreciated, and were very grateful for what God had done in rescuing them from Egypt, they honestly believed they were capable of holding up their side of the contract.
This would give us reason to believe that they were pondering and living out of a concrete experience. Before there can be an escape from such a situation, Israel has to regain some sense of its own identity; that will be one concern in the following narrative. The idea here is that God, although divine, is capable of receiving the world not as a human, but even more clearly. Oppression is the prevailing theme in this unit. However much modern historians wish to argue about the time when we can first speak of an Israel—most would say only after the settlement in Canaan—the narrator claims otherwise. Very quickly the narrator moves the story away from Genesis into a new world, from twelve sons to seventy persons to a full land.
Fretheim died late in the morning on November 16, 2020. It is the Fall and its aftermath revisited at that spot in the world where God has begun the task of fulfilling the divine creative designs. This is ratified in a covenant at Sinai 24:7. The commentary then moves in a straightforward manner to review issues of faith and history, the critical and theological tasks of a commentary, and other leading theological concerns. The perspective of the narrator is evident: the beginnings of Israel as the people of God are to be traced to this pre-exodus! Those who live in affluence and freedom will have difficulty understanding the true nature of this experience. The Introduction turns itself back toward great helpfulness when it offers a discussion on the theological task that we will find in Exodus.
The importance of the spoken dialogue between Moses and God continues throughout Chapter 3 and is, according to Fretheim, of theological relevance. He feels their suffering on a deep and personal level and is thus different from the likes of Pharaoh who presides over his kingdom in a removed and unfeeling manner. Exodus 1:1—7 is no exception. I thought he presented his points in a clear and transparent manner that was both accessible and easy to understand. William Holladay noted the marked references, allusions to, and echoes of Exodus in the book of Jeremiah.
Exodus : Fretheim, Terence E : Free Download, Borrow, and Streaming : Internet Archive
But when describing the situation after the golden calf episode Deuteronomy 9:13—29 , the dominant word becomes love Hebrew aheb , repeated seven times in chapters 10 and 11, and also seven times in chapters 6 and 7 including one instance of hesed, steadfast love. His past agreement with the ancestors of the Israelites entails that he is obliged to respond and abide by his promises. Where many scholars have focused upon the exodus event itself as being the time at which God revealed himself to Israel, Exodus 3 reveals that there was more to this event. This speech is unknowingly filled with irony. I was not required to write a positive review. Neither party leaves the encounter unchanged. Moses' response to this incredible revelation is to make haste to bow and worship Exod.
Description The introduction to this book recognizes Exodus as a Christian book, although it respects its pre-Christian roots in the Hebrew Bible. Further, he comments on how we might honor both in the interpretive process. The opening of Exodus is thus a verbal link back to Genesis, interlocking the two narratives. As friends and family of Terence Fretheim, we now find ourselves bearing the heavy burden of loss and pain. Moreover, this time has been very important for both God and people as a time of preparation for a day of redemption when it would be needed.
Moses is informed of the relevance of the event, and of the person who is communicating with him, through the words spoken. The focus is thus placed on him, not simply as a historical figure, but as a symbol for the anticreation forces of death which take on the God of life. Yet there is no specific language of fulfillment and no reference to God until 1:17. See all condition definitions opens in a new window or tab The introduction to this book recognizes Exodus as a Christian book, although it respects its pre-Christian roots in the Hebrew Bible. What follows is the story of Israel, the people of God. While I could never agree with most of his conclusions, he still noted things worthy of tracing like the key transitional sections.
The golden calf debacle demonstrates this. Despite this, however, a number of confines to the way in which text is interpreted are in existence and boundaries are set according to the historical setting and background of the works. Initially, God works behind the scenes against this creation-threatening situation in and through the wisdom and courage of five lowly women. The Revelation of Jesus Christ declares, "Here is a call for the endurance of the saints, those who keep the commandments of God and the faith of Jesus" 14:12, RSV. It is certainly a composite, drawing on various traditions. This series is one from the critical camp that is aimed at preachers and teachers and is best known for its theological help.