Four stages of the french revolution. What were the 4 stages of the French Revolution? 2022-10-19
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The French Revolution was a period of radical social and political change in France from 1789 to 1799 that drastically and permanently transformed the country's political and social structure. It marked the end of the Bourbon monarchy, the rise of the radical Jacobins, and ultimately the Reign of Terror. The French Revolution can be divided into four main stages: the early years (1789-1791), the radical phase (1792-1794), the Thermidorian Reaction (1794-1799), and the Napoleonic Era (1799-1815).
The early years of the French Revolution, from 1789 to 1791, were characterized by the National Assembly's efforts to reform the French monarchy and the establishment of a constitutional monarchy. The National Assembly, made up of representatives from the Third Estate (commoners), was formed in response to King Louis XVI's summoning of the Estates-General in an attempt to address France's financial crisis.
The National Assembly declared itself the legitimate government of France and adopted the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen, which outlined the fundamental rights of all citizens. In the midst of increasing tensions between the National Assembly and the monarchy, the Bastille, a symbol of royal oppression, was stormed by a mob on July 14, 1789, marking the beginning of the French Revolution.
The radical phase of the French Revolution, from 1792 to 1794, was marked by the rise of the radical Jacobins and the Reign of Terror. The Jacobins, led by Maximilien Robespierre, were a political club that played a key role in the French Revolution. They implemented radical measures, such as the execution of King Louis XVI and the establishment of a radical democracy known as the Reign of Terror.
During this phase, the Jacobins used the guillotine to execute thousands of perceived enemies of the revolution, including members of the aristocracy, clergy, and other political opponents. The Reign of Terror ended with the fall of Robespierre in 1794 and the execution of many of the leading Jacobins.
The Thermidorian Reaction, from 1794 to 1799, marked the end of the Reign of Terror and the beginning of a more moderate phase of the French Revolution. During this time, the Directory, a five-member executive committee, took control of the government. The Directory was characterized by corruption and economic instability, and it faced numerous challenges, including uprisings and attempted coups.
The final stage of the French Revolution was the Napoleonic Era, from 1799 to 1815, during which Napoleon Bonaparte rose to power and established himself as Emperor of the French. Napoleon implemented significant reforms, including the Napoleonic Code, which established the principles of equality before the law and the abolition of feudalism. However, he also pursued aggressive foreign policies that ultimately led to his downfall and the end of the Napoleonic Era.
In conclusion, the French Revolution was a complex and tumultuous period in French history that resulted in significant political, social, and cultural changes. It can be divided into four main stages: the early years, the radical phase, the Thermidorian Reaction, and the Napoleonic Era. Each of these stages played a crucial role in shaping the course of the French Revolution and the future of France.
4 stages of the French revolution causes definition aftermath
The Legislative Assembly is replaced by the new National Convention. High-ranking generals had defected to the Austrian side, and rumours of French collusion with the enemy ran unchecked throughout the nation. Events Take a Radical Turn On August 10, 1792, the Legislative Assembly fell to mob violence, and soon the new National Convention took its place. Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Hobsbawm, E. The clergy and nobility were respected and had a higher position in society and the peasants were left to carry the country, by working farms, generating the wealth, and paying a large majority of taxes. At this stage, a new French Constitution was published.
The spending left many peasants and urban poor with little to nothing to eat. The revolutionary wars unleashed global conflicts that extended from the Middle East to the Caribbean. Republican Convention 1792-1794 : The new French Republic began under the control of the Girondists. . . Did the French Revolution accomplish its goals? Where was the key meeting to plan the French Revolution? They owned approximately 10% of the land in France, had unlimited rights and considerable political power.
. There were five causes for the French Revolution: Absolute Monarchy, Social Inequality, Economic Injustice, Enlightenment, and Other Revolutions. The striking difference lied in the fact that surgery was a blue collar aspect of medicine while today it is held as one of the highest positions in the field HISC 115, Lecture 2. . The French Revolution October Days In October 1789, a mob of Parisian market women marched out of the city and to the Palace of Versailles, the home of Louis XVI. .
This ended the period remembered as the Reign of Terror, but the Revolution continued because France still struggled to organize their government. On what is now know as Bastille Day in 1789, an angry mob of French. . Gadget is a small mechanical or electronic device or tool, especially an ingenious or novel one. Contents Introduction Chapter 1 Political history of France : Chapter 2 Political history of Germany: Chapter 3 Political history of Great Britain: Chapter 4 Political history of Italy: Chapter 5 Political history of Spain: Introduction In studying political history of European states, we put a focus on the beginning of the 18th century as a starting point in the rise of major European powers in the face of waning non-Western empires, which led to the consequent politicization of the region as a whole, raising the stakes in the division and distribution.
This was called the corvee. In King Louis XVI he summoned the States General to request an increase in taxes and that the nobles began to pay them. Third stage of the French Revolution 1795-1799 : The bourgeoisie returned to power, and a third Constitution was drawn up on August 17, 1795, which established the Directory, a type of government adopted by the French First Republic, more moderate and that left behind the radical position of the Jacobins. Likewise, everyday tensions were more marked between political clubs, such as the Jacobins, the rope makers, and Girondists, even with the conservative bourgeoisie. This helped to end peasant violence but provoked much concern from the nobility.
These multi-faceted revolutions combined to alter the way individuals and groups saw themselves and their place. A corollary of popular sovereignty is that if a government fails or mistreats its people, the people have the right to replace it The Social Contract. The French Revolution put an end to absolutism, feudalism , serfdom, and the privileges of the clergy and nobility. By 1802 he had accumulated enough power to declare himself the emperor of France. The members of the Third Estate, however, were fed up with the conditions in France. France was about to leave its revolution behind and enter into a new era. Radical leaders like Maximilien de Robespierre and Georges Danton rose to take power.
Through the war, France won provinces that had been held by the Plantagenet king of England. They claimed their laws were in the king 's interest. The purpose of the French Revolution was to help solve the financial problems of the government. A Congress System was established; hereby the aforementioned Powers would meet in a regular basis to negotiate and solve problems by peaceful means. The French revolution succeeded in obtaining great power for the lower class, creating a constitution, limiting the power of the monarchy, giving the Third Estate great control over the populace of France and gaining rights and power for the lower class of France. By the time World War I ended in the defeat of the Central Powers in November 1918, more than 9 million soldiers had been killed and 21 million more wounded.
Wikimedia Commons A series of social and political tensions build within France, before being unleashed by a financial crisis in the 1780s. France became a police state. As discontent with the despotic system of government in France increased in magnitude and scale, the will to fight in order to achieve equality became gained momentum. This group did no better, and the National Convention took the reins of government in 1792. . The French Revolution and the Enlightenment A Church is free of corruption and accountable to its believers.
Four Stages of the French Revolution Lesson for Kids
The National Assembally voted itself out of existence, and the National Convention was formed, making France a republic. The Assembly, however, could not control the situation and was replaced by the Legislative Assembly in 1791. Besides reintroducing old hierarchies, the Vienna Congress also brought territorial changes. . . Louis XVI was now essentially a prisoner to the people of Paris.