Founder of chola kingdom. Chola Dynasty: A Powerful Indian Empire that Conquered the Far East 2022-11-06
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The Chola kingdom was a powerful empire in ancient India that ruled over a large territory in the south of the country from the 9th to the 13th centuries. The founder of this kingdom was a king named Vijayalaya, who established the Chola dynasty in the 9th century and laid the foundations for the later success of the Cholas.
Vijayalaya was born into a small chieftain family in the present-day state of Tamil Nadu in southern India. He rose to power at a time when the Cholas were a minor power among the many rival kingdoms that vied for control over the region. Vijayalaya was able to seize control of the Chola kingdom through a series of successful military campaigns and alliances with other powerful rulers.
One of Vijayalaya's most important contributions to the Chola kingdom was his expansion of the kingdom's territory. He extended the Chola's control over parts of present-day Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh, and also established Chola rule over the island of Sri Lanka. Vijayalaya's military successes also helped to establish the Cholas as a major power in southern India, and he is credited with laying the foundations for the later success of the Chola empire.
In addition to his military achievements, Vijayalaya was also a patron of the arts and culture. He supported the development of the Tamil language and literature, and his reign saw the growth of the Chola temple architecture, which is still revered today for its beauty and grandeur.
Vijayalaya's legacy as the founder of the Chola kingdom has had a lasting impact on the history and culture of southern India. His military conquests and cultural achievements helped to establish the Cholas as a powerful and influential dynasty, and his contributions continue to be remembered and celebrated today.
Conclusion As a result, the Cholas and their rule represent a spectacular era in medieval history that witnessed a significant cultural explosion as well as an expansion of civilization and its meaning. The Chola tradition of art spread and influenced the architecture and art of Southeast Asia. The development of the specific sculpturing technique used in the 'Chola bronzes', exquisite bronze sculptures of Hindu deities built in a lost wax process was pioneered in their time. Virarajendra Chola 1063-1070 AD 1. Sometimes, less powerful dynasties became subordinate to other dynasties, and at some point, the Cholas served another called the Pallavas.
Chola Dynasty: History, origin, rulers and all you need to know about one of the largest empires in Indian history
Information about Who was the founder of the Chola kingdom?. The oldest datable allusions to the Chola come from inscriptions that date to Ashoka's rule over the Maurya Empire in the third century BCE. They ruled over several small territories in the Tamil land. The king was the supreme authority of the state. All cultivable land was held in one of the three broad classes of tenure which can be distinguished as peasant proprietorship called vellan-vagai, service tenure and eleemosynary tenure resulting from charitable gifts. The Chola queen Kundavai also established a hospital at Tanjavur and gave land for the perpetual maintenance of it. The temples from this era and their writings are still used as evidence today.
Rajendra launched a military assault on the Srivijaya Empire in South East Asia. He was known to have raised flower gardens around the place. An executive committee consisting of educated and properties persons managed the affairs of the village. The kingdom saw a widespread collapse after his reign. These Pallavas were led by Narsimhavarman 630—668 AD , who defeated Pulakeshin II 610-642 AD.
Chola Dynasty: A Powerful Indian Empire that Conquered the Far East
He also went by the name Vijaya Rajendra Cholan the victorious Rajendra Cholan. But a few most outstanding may be briefly mentioned. The architecture of the temple exudes brilliance in its craftsmanship and intricate detailing, which make it a remarkable feat for over a millennium ago. The A martial art called Navakandam. This is the story about the Chola Dynasty which is believed to have originated from the fertile valley of the river Kaveri.
Including Vijayalaya and his son Aditya I, there would be 21 Chola dynasty kings before the empire finally declined and faded into obscurity. The South Indian art of sculpture is regarded as the best example of ancient India. Surrounded by high boundary walls, unlike Nagara, the temples were known for their beautiful sculptures and ornamental work. Got the title Kulottunga, meaning the exalter of his race. He took over the Tanjore kingdom in the 8th century and led to the rise of the mighty Cholas by defeating the Pallavas. With the help of a powerful navy the Chola rulers conquered Sri Lanka, Maldives, Sumatra and destroyed the fleet of the Cheras. But there have been instances of widespread starvation brought on by natural disasters.
How many kings were there in the Chola dynasty? He took the initiative to commission the Tribhuvanam, close to Kumbakonam, Sarabeswara or Kampahareswara temple, which is regarded as a fine example of Dravidian architecture. Aditya I succeeded Vijayalaya. However, the committees of Brahmin villages were more powerful. Rajendra Chola III who succeeded Rajaraja III was a much better ruler who took bold steps to revive the Chola fortunes. Kamba Ramayanam and Periyapuranam Tamil poets Kambar left and Sekkizhar right Photo credit: Wikimedia commons The Chola kings promoted literature and gave patronage to Tamil scholars and writers. It had four elements, comprising the cavalry, the elephant corps, several divisions of infantry and a navy. Arinjaya Chola 956-957 AD 1.
Moderate Article Table Of Contents Indian history has relatively few stories of kings or empires moving outside the subcontinent and capturing foreign territory. The text in these inscriptions was written by court poets and engraved by talented artisans. Which of the statements is true? A History of Cyril and Lulu Charles, p 106. Because of them, the rule of the Chola empire was expanded to Sri Lanka, the Maldives, the west Lakshadweep, and east Malaya peninsular. The dynasty originated in the rich Kaveri Cauvery River valley. Aditya I successfully defended the Chola kingdom and succeeded his father Vijayalaya after his death in 871 CE.
The Chola dynasty was a powerful medieval ruling dynasty that ruled large parts of southern India between 700 AD and 1300 AD. However, this would come to an end and the Chola Dynasty itself would become a power player. Understanding Our Religious World. Last King of the Chola Dynasty The last King of the Chola dynasty was Rajendra Chola III who reigned from 1246 CE to 1279 CE. The Tamil stone inscription Konesar Kalvettu details King Kulakottan's involvement in the restoration of Koneswaram temple in 438 A. When war broke out between the Pallava and Pandya kingdoms in about 850 CE, the Cholas seized their chance. Vijayalaya The founder of the Chola Empire was Vijayalaya, who was first feudatory of the Pallavas of Kanchi.