Examples of companies following ethnocentric approach. Ethnocentric Approaches to HRM 2022-10-11
Examples of companies following ethnocentric approach Rating:
Ethnocentric approach refers to the practice of viewing and analyzing the world through the lens of one's own culture. In the business world, this approach often manifests as a company prioritizing the interests and values of its home country or culture above those of other countries or cultures. This can lead to a narrow-minded and parochial perspective, and can also result in misunderstandings and conflicts with stakeholders from different cultural backgrounds.
There are several examples of companies following an ethnocentric approach. One example is McDonald's, the global fast food chain. McDonald's has a strong presence in over 100 countries around the world, and it has often been criticized for imposing its American-style business practices on other cultures. For instance, the company has been accused of disregarding local food traditions and customs, and of failing to adapt its menu to local tastes and preferences. This has led to protests and boycotts in some countries, as well as to negative perceptions of the company as culturally insensitive.
Another example of a company following an ethnocentric approach is Coca-Cola, the global beverage giant. Coca-Cola has long been associated with American culture, and it has often been criticized for trying to export American values and lifestyles to other parts of the world through its marketing campaigns. This has led to charges of cultural imperialism, as well as to negative reactions from some consumers who feel that the company is trying to impose its own cultural values on them.
A third example of a company following an ethnocentric approach is Nike, the global sports apparel and footwear company. Nike has been accused of prioritizing the interests of its home market, the United States, over those of other countries. For instance, the company has been criticized for outsourcing production to low-wage countries in order to reduce costs, while at the same time charging higher prices for its products in other markets. This has led to charges of exploitation and unfair business practices.
In conclusion, there are several examples of companies following an ethnocentric approach, including McDonald's, Coca-Cola, and Nike. This approach can lead to misunderstandings and conflicts with stakeholders from different cultural backgrounds, and can also result in negative perceptions of the company as culturally insensitive or exploitative. It is important for companies to be mindful of the cultural differences and sensitivities of the markets in which they operate, and to strive to be culturally sensitive and respectful in their business practices.
Children of mixed race derogatively labeled half-castes were particularly targeted with the fear that these children would grow to straddle both cultures and normalize Indigenous cultural traditions among white Australians. An ethnocentric marketing approach is when a company expands various aspects of their marketing mix to seek out marketing opportunities in foreign markets. What companies use polycentric? When traveling the world, many of us English-speakers live with the expectation that others will speak English to us. Some could argue that it is ethnocentric because it reveals a preference for your culture to remain the dominant norm and remain the standard within your country. It indicates that the ethnocentric approach to HRM for MNC is out. An ethnocentric approach is one of the methods used during international staffing recruitment. Of course, you can use logic, research, and reasoning to decide that the way your culture does things appear to be the best approach for you.
Typical example of ethnocentric approach company are Japanese firms such as Panasonic, Sony and Hitachi. Hilton Group, though using large quantities of expatriates to manage its hotels, achieved a great success all round the world. They should consider each country and culture individually and ensure all relevant factors are considered before reaching conclusions. For Multinational Corporation, the ethnocentric approach shows a centralized authority management style. There are several advantages to an ethnocentric approach.
Here, the country as a whole can be considered as one group, or the in-group. However, the makers of the movie took great care to make sure that the Greek culture was never shown in a negative or pushy manner, and that the audiences took it in the way it was supposed to be taken. From an American perspective, this suggests that Japanese infants are less 'healthy' and the way Japanese people parent their children is 'wrong'. The cultural relativism perspective involves a consideration of the values, practices, or norms of people in their cultural context. The geocentric policy makes sense and the company grants national businesses the freedom to conduct operations in a manner appropriate to the market. This can damage their reputation and make it difficult to build relationships with customers in other countries.
Ethnocentric Approach [2022 International Staffing Tips]
For example, a company might need to open physical stores or hire local employees who are familiar with the culture and language. One reason is that it can be difficult to adjust the marketing mix to a foreign market. However, if we get go too far the other way, we end up being Related: 6 Types of Cultural Diffusion References Bizumic, B. The most famous example of it would be European imperialism, where European countries believed that the other areas of the world, such as Africa, America, India, etc. Muslims and Jews within Spain were forced to convert or be killed.
To perform staffing function effectively, there are three main approaches within international business identified: the ethnocentric approach, the polycentric approach, the geocentric approach Dowling PJ, Festing M and Engle AD, 2008. Which company is a good example of ethnocentric approach? In this interaction, Darcy assumed that Jess is heterosexual, even though she doesn't know it, and is an example of how a heteronormative culture affects our perception of others. However, can the conclusion be applied universally into other multi-national corporation like Hilton? What is the polycentric approach to international management? It can also involve a belief that our cultural practices are superior to others. Only when it goes out of hand does it pose any risk to other members of society, especially those belonging to the out-groups. All these requirements above in this paragraph cannot be realized by the ethnocentric approach. British Imperialism Imperialism, the practice of taking over other lands, was heavily practiced by Europe as far back as the 16th century.
Overall, an ethnocentric staffing policy has both advantages and disadvantages. Jurnal Penelitian Humaniora, 20 2 , 89-97. Cultural Bias, Cultural Relativism and Ethnocentrism Psychology Often, psychologists rely on studies conducted in Western cultures to inform psychological theories. Ethnocentrism thus is a part of business and is experienced at the workplace, but if it is not controlled, it has the capability to even destroy a company. Compared with the domestic traditional HRM, there are two somewhat conflicting strategic objectives that are needed to be achieved by international human resource managers Sparrow P.
Another way ethnocentrism manifests is through the belief that the way things are in our culture is somehow superior to others or that it's the right way. Cultural relativism recognises that we can't assume that our cultural understanding of morality, or what is healthy and normal, is the right one, and so we shouldn't apply them to judge other cultures. The geocentric approach can not only help the corporation deal well with the local issues arisen in the subsidiaries, but also can demonstrate trust in local citizenry which is good for the public relations of a MNC and increase acceptance of the company by the local community. Terrorism and hate crimes take place when one religion or community believes that it is superior, and better than any other religion or community. What is polycentric and ethnocentric? Researchers can also use cross-cultural studies to differentiate between learnt or innate tendencies. John Deere and Cisco are large corporations pioneering the practice of polycentric innovation out of India.
What is ethnocentric approach in international business?
But head to more conservative nations and women might always cover their shoulders or hair. First, it assumes that the home country is superior to other countries. They might consider us to be uncultured for having to use forks. The emic approach in cross-cultural research involves studying cultures from the perspective of an 'insider'. The minority culture is othered so the majority culture can maintain and promote their own practices and traditions as the natural or normative traditions within the nation-state. This is a topic that verges on ethnocentrism but does not always reach that level. The film is a great example of a migrant family who not only wants to retain their cultural heritage but looks upon the dominant culture with suspicion, distaste, and even sometimes scorn.
10 Examples of Ethnocentrism to Help You Understand it Better
Marketing in a foreign country often requires having a local presence, which can be costly. McDonalds is a global company which follows Geocentric approach because it perceives world as a single market and tries to offer low cost products and services everyone. The multi-national corporations have to find another approach to effective carry out the global competitive strategy and deal with the local tough issues in subsidiaries. Additionally, companies that take an ethnocentric approach may come across as being insensitive or ignorant of cultural differences. Which company is a good example of Multidomestic company? Though it is present in little forms in every culture, history has shown us how it can have tragic consequences if not controlled. All subsidiaries need to completely abide by each of the rules and regulations directed by their head branch in parent country. Second, it can help to improve communication and coordination between different parts of the company.
Ethnocentric Approach: Meaning, Advantages and Disadvantages
Ethnocentric staffing means you hire management that is the same nationality as the parent company, while polycentric companies hire management employees from the host country. Japanese infants do not experience as much separation from their caregivers as American infants do, due to differences in working and family practices. What is the philosophy of Coca-Cola Company? When we look at the Japanese infants' behaviour in Ainsworth's study in the context of their culture, we can more accurately interpret where it came from. Of course, not everyone thinks this way. For a multi-national corporation, how to effective manage various differences from the subsidiaries located in different countries is a crucial part to its IHRM. Shylock's point is that, despite the cultural differences, we are all still human. Even the colonies in the United States were once controlled by the British.