Euthanasia research paper pdf. (PDF) Research paper on "Legalization of Euthanasia in Bangladesh" 2022-10-27
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Euthanasia, also known as assisted suicide or mercy killing, is the practice of ending a life in a painless manner. The term "euthanasia" comes from the Greek words "eu," meaning "good," and "thanatos," meaning "death." Euthanasia is a controversial topic, with strong arguments on both sides of the debate.
Proponents of euthanasia argue that it allows individuals to die with dignity and autonomy, and that it can be a compassionate way to end suffering for those who are terminally ill or in great pain. Opponents of euthanasia argue that it is a form of murder and that it violates the ethical principle of the sanctity of life.
Euthanasia can be divided into two categories: voluntary and involuntary. Voluntary euthanasia is when an individual requests to end their own life, while involuntary euthanasia is when the decision is made by someone else, such as a family member or healthcare provider.
There are also two types of euthanasia: active and passive. Active euthanasia involves directly causing the death of the individual, while passive euthanasia involves withholding or withdrawing treatment that is necessary to keep the individual alive.
Euthanasia is currently legal in a few countries, such as Belgium, Luxembourg, and the Netherlands, and it is also legal in some states in the United States, such as Oregon and Washington. In other countries, such as the United Kingdom, euthanasia is illegal, but physicians may prescribe drugs to alleviate pain and suffering, even if it hastens death.
There are many ethical and moral considerations surrounding the practice of euthanasia. Some argue that it violates the principle of the sanctity of life, while others argue that it is a compassionate way to end suffering. The debate over euthanasia is complex and multifaceted, and it is likely to continue for the foreseeable future.
As with any controversial topic, it is important to approach the issue of euthanasia with an open mind and to consider the perspectives of both sides of the debate. A research paper on euthanasia could explore the history of the practice, the legal and ethical considerations, and the arguments for and against euthanasia. It could also examine the experiences of individuals who have undergone euthanasia or have been involved in the decision-making process, and consider the psychological and emotional impacts of euthanasia on both the individual and their loved ones.
In conclusion, euthanasia is a complex and controversial topic that raises important ethical and moral considerations. While there are valid arguments on both sides of the debate, it is ultimately up to individuals and societies to decide whether or not to legalize and practice euthanasia.
(PDF) Research paper on "Legalization of Euthanasia in Bangladesh"
In general, euthanasia is proven to be unaccepted by religion, inefficient and immoral to a great number of doctors and professionals, and by law definition, it should still be illegal. Contrary to other researches, the researcher agrees only with the narrow construal of euthanasia, i. Results: The results of the literature review came up with its pros and cons of it. The question regarding Right to die first time comes before Bombay High Court in State of Maharashtra v. Over the past 20 years, trends have emerged, supporting state legislative and judicial action concerning the legalization of euthanasia mercy killing , and the approval of physician-assisted suicide for those nearing death as an alleviation of pain and suffering. It is also known as good death or mercy killing and for the person who is suffering in incurable or intolerable disease. People have the right to maintain their own life.
For example, rats exposed to the stress of swimming, social defeat, novel environments, cold, loud noise, or restraint exhibit long-term increases in pain sensitivity. In some, almost all regions of the world, euthanasia is considered illegal. Euthanasia is a process in which painless death of a person can occur. As euthanasia is emerging all over the world as a possible solution to terminally ill people, these results may change through time, just as every controversial topic one day comes to an end. Throughout time there is numerous incidence of euthanasia, meaning this is not a new topic. Despite the elegant simplicity of the idea, euthanasia has consistently been one of the most controversial medico-legal issues, over which much ink and perhaps, blood has been spilled. It was only after the case of Aruna Ramchandra Shanbaug versus Union of India 2011 4 SCC 454, Supreme Court in its judgment declared that Passive Euthanasia is legal in India.
The country familiar for performing legally euthanasia is The Netherlands. Keywords Euthanasia Á God images Á Religious belief Introduction Voluntary euthanasia—which refers to when individuals request that a physician perform some action that will hasten their death—and physician-assisted suicide—which refers to when a physician prescribes medication to individuals with the knowledge that these individuals will use the medication to end their own lives—have and continue to be important legal, medical, and patient issues in Western societies. Bixler English III-5 14 February 2022 Euthanasia Legality Should euthanasia or physician-assisted suicide be legal? This has come more apparent in modern day with the right-to-die movement and the option to medically and legally commit suicide. Even though, the clear majority of opposition that does not want to maintain this unlawful practice forbidden, believes that dignity is self-sufficient to endorse its approval. However, we see that Hippocrates and his famous oath sought to protect the life of a patient in respects towards medicine, especially in conditions that were prone to fatal outcomes. To correctly determine the influence it has, a religious point of view from some of the main religions like Christianity, Islam, and Buddhism, has been evaluated. Right to life is a natural right and right to die is not a natural right and no one has a right to finish their life in unnatural way.
Psychological research demonstrates that greater pain is related to emotional stress and limited emotional awareness, expression, and processing. However, theres an argument for emotional and mental pain to be associated with the term suffering. State of Punjab 1996 2 SCC 648, held that Right to life does not include " Right to die " or " Right to be killed ". The basic intention behind euthanasia is to ensure a less painful death to a person who is in any case going to die after a long period of suffering. Conclusion: Before resulting in Euthanasia, a person must consider the situation. Lastly, judgment of Aruna Ramchandra Shanbaug versus Union of India should be reviewed once again and medical committee should be formed to find out the cases where active euthanasia will be the ultimate option for the patients to die with dignity and without tolerant any pain. However, this requires coordination through the a multidisciplinary medical team, along with a possible assessment by an ethics committee.
And here in this case court declared that Right to Life includes Right to die, thus making Section 309 of Indian Penal Code, 1860 which makes attempt to suicide as punishable offence unconstitutional. I also find that belief in a caring God and in a God that is the primary source of moral rules significantly predicts negative attitudes toward voluntary euthanasia. Euthanasia will remain a controversy as long as it falls within the moral scope of human life as a human right, which has been universally defended for many years. But Supreme Court in Gian Kaur v. Many people believe that approving legal euthanasia gives too much power in the hands of physicians. Mainly because we see death as a loss, which can be difficult to understand as something positive.
Because its violations of ethics, morals, values, and human rights, euthanasia should not be legal, though oppositions to this do exist. Terminology Euthanasia is referred to as the advance death of a patient to prevent sufferings, whether the patients themselves have asked for it, or circumstances were that decision has to be made for them. Some of the pros are that it provides a way to relieve extreme pain, a way of relief when a person's quality of life is low and an insurance of the rights of dignity and self-determination. Ultimately, he as well as many others want to take control over their death, giving them a dignified death. There are two different usages of the term euthanasia: a narrow construal of euthanasia and broad construal of euthanasia. One factor that several researchers have found influences attitudes toward voluntary euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide is religion.
Euthanasia Research opportunities.alumdev.columbia.edu
A quick history shows that euthanasia has a topic of interest throughout history. Which clearly leads to the idea he believed, that those who suffer so much that their quality of life diminished should be allowed to die. The issue of euthanasia has been controversial for a long time, and different situations regarding its legalization are presented in this research paper. Euthanasia is disputable issue. Assisted suicide is known as the condition in which a patient is the one who takes his own life through the ingestion of a lethal drug, but was prescribed by a physician that is trained in this area; therefore, its called assisted. In such cases death with dignity is last option for the family members as well as for the patients to finally get relived from the ultimate pain.
Doctors are to adjust to the patients needs and if the need was. Aguzzi argues that "whereas Jesus worked to alleviate suffering, there was a kind of suffering which he modeled as a way of approaching death for those who were to follow him, this involves a lifestyle consistent with the surrendering of one's death to the will of God for the sake of a higher purpose. The patient has said or written a wish to die and someone, most likely a physician performs the act to let him die. Article 21 of Indian Constitution grants Right to life only. ORIGINAL PAPER Beliefs in and About God and Attitudes Toward Voluntary Euthanasia Shane Sharp 1 Published online: 20 October 2017 Ó Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2017 Abstract I use data from the General Social Survey to evaluate several hypotheses regarding how beliefs in and about God predict attitudes toward voluntary euthanasia. I find that certainty in the belief in God significantly predicts negative attitudes toward voluntary euthanasia.
This is a fact that is compatible with he idea of current euthanasia. . It is illegal on most parts of the world. Inside this extensive way of defining a word, there are several ways in which is it can be described distinct ways of euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide. A person who is already bedridden and is dependent on other for each and everything in that case how can we say that he is living with his dignity? If the answer is Yes then why a cancer patients who were already in their last stage has to suffer lots till their death. When a patient asks for euthanasia, it it extremely important to find out the reasons behind it.