Erik erikson personality Rating:
Erik Erikson was a 20th century psychoanalyst and developmental psychologist who is best known for his theory of psychosocial development, which outlines eight stages that individuals go through as they mature. Erikson believed that each stage of development presents a new challenge or conflict that must be resolved in order to move on to the next stage. These challenges or conflicts are known as psychosocial crises.
According to Erikson, the first stage of development occurs during infancy and is characterized by the conflict between trust and mistrust. During this stage, infants must learn to trust their caregivers in order to feel secure in the world. If they are consistently met with love and care, they will develop a sense of trust in the world and in themselves. If, however, they are consistently met with neglect or abuse, they may develop a sense of mistrust in the world and in others.
The second stage of development occurs during early childhood and is characterized by the conflict between autonomy and shame and doubt. During this stage, children must learn to become independent and take control of their own actions. If they are supported and encouraged in their efforts to explore and learn, they will develop a sense of autonomy. If, however, they are constantly criticized or punished for their actions, they may develop feelings of shame and doubt in their abilities.
The third stage of development occurs during play age and is characterized by the conflict between initiative and guilt. During this stage, children must learn to initiate action and take on leadership roles. If they are encouraged and supported in their efforts to explore and take on new challenges, they will develop a sense of initiative. If, however, they are constantly punished or criticized for their actions, they may develop feelings of guilt.
The fourth stage of development occurs during school age and is characterized by the conflict between industry and inferiority. During this stage, children must learn to work towards goals and develop a sense of accomplishment. If they are supported and encouraged in their efforts to learn and achieve, they will develop a sense of industry. If, however, they are constantly criticized or made to feel inadequate, they may develop feelings of inferiority.
The fifth stage of development occurs during adolescence and is characterized by the conflict between identity and identity confusion. During this stage, adolescents must learn to define themselves and establish a sense of self. If they are able to explore and try out different roles and identities, they will develop a strong sense of identity. If, however, they are not allowed to explore or are constantly criticized or ridiculed for their choices, they may develop feelings of identity confusion.
The sixth stage of development occurs during young adulthood and is characterized by the conflict between intimacy and isolation. During this stage, young adults must learn to form close, meaningful relationships with others. If they are able to form close, intimate relationships, they will develop a sense of connectedness to others. If, however, they are unable to form close relationships or are constantly rejected, they may develop feelings of isolation.
The seventh stage of development occurs during middle adulthood and is characterized by the conflict between generativity and stagnation. During this stage, individuals must learn to contribute to the next generation and leave a positive legacy. If they are able to find meaning and purpose in their work and relationships, they will develop a sense of generativity. If, however, they feel disconnected or unfulfilled, they may experience feelings of stagnation.
The eighth and final stage of development occurs during late adulthood and is characterized by the conflict between integrity and despair. During this stage, individuals must come to terms with the events and experiences of their lives and develop a sense of acceptance and wisdom. If they are able to reflect on their lives with a sense of pride and accomplishment, they will
Erik Erikson Flashcards
Basic virtues are characteristic strengths which the ego can use to resolve subsequent crises. If you need assistance for mental health issues, please seek expert opinion and assistance immediately. The individual now begins to question the meaning of life, the function of society, their role and purpose in it and so on. The Erik Erikson theory also allows us to emphasize the social nature of human beings and the importance of how much social relationships can change things for us. Erikson as a Teacher". The id is entirely unconscious and amoral and is the only constituent present at birth.
She was ninety-three years old at the time. Journal of personality, 53 3 , 407-424. Success at this point in development leads to a sense of competence. Childhood Frankfurt, Germany, was the place of Erik Erikson's birth on June 15, 1902. Childhood and Society 2nded. New York: Rapid Psychler Press.
Children begin to play the roles of adults, which are the results of the visions of life and social interactions between people. Moreover, it is important for children to express the initiative while playing in order to emphasize their autonomy and definite abilities. These early encounters sparked his interest in identity creation, which also influenced his work later in life. It comprises the constant feeling of uncertainty, indecision, lack of confidence and a nihilistic approach to life. Wisdom enables a person to look back on their life with a sense of closure and completeness, and also accept death without fear. You can also follow the issue.
Erik Erikson Stages of Personality Development Essay Example
However, the opposite side of this process is a feeling of shame, which can be affected by the inability to cope with this or that skill and function Moony. He used the information he learned about social, cultural, and environmental variables to advance his psychoanalytic theory. In Shook, John R. The adolescent mind is essentially a mind or moratorium, a psychosocial stage between childhood and adulthood, and between the morality learned by the child, and the ethics to be developed by the adult Erikson, 1963, p. Identity crisis is a phase in this development and usually occurs during the period of adolescence. Because they are not very involved in social activities and show limited interest in others, they end up feeling disconnected and unproductive.
Erikson’s 8 Stages Of Personality Development (A Comprehensive Guide)
Success and Failure In Stage One Success in this stage will lead to the virtue of hope. During the time he worked at his teaching job, Erik was hired by an heiress to sketch and eventually tutor her children. It becomes necessary for him to extend this commitment to a wider range of people to take on guiding and nurturing of the younger generation. It brings together first my online readers and now my radio listeners with the newsmakers of today. Sue has also provided a number of insights on her father. In addition to ego identity, Erikson also believed that a sense of competence motivates behaviors and actions.
Let our writers help you! There is a bond that is form between a child and parent or caregiver that later helps communication develops. At this stage children want to learn and are open to learning. If the stage is managed poorly, the person will emerge with a sense of inadequacy. Retrieved 27 November 2021. Identity This early experience sparked his interest in the emergence of identity. He never got to meet his mother's first spouse or his biological father.
His wife Joan passed away on August 3, 1997 at the age of 94. Retrieved 8 March 2012. Infants are helpless creatures that dependent on others for their needs to be met. If this initiative is not encouraged, if it is restricted by parents or teacher, then the child begins to feel inferiour, doubting his own abilities and therefore may not reach his or her potential. This stage covers the early school years from approximately age 5 to 11. The second area of investigation made by Erikson is beyond the scope of this book and so remains out of the present purview. Identity, youth and crisis.
Erik Erikson's 8 Stages of Psychosocial Development
The first stage of Erikson's theory of psychosocial development occurs between birth and one year of age and is the most fundamental stage in life. During middle age individuals experience a need to create or nurture things that will outlast them, often having mentees or creating positive changes that will benefit other people. His wife Joan often worked closely with him and would edit his research papers. Only when both extremes in a life-stage challenge are understood and accepted as both required and useful, can the optimal virtue for that stage surface. Teenagers explore who they are as individuals, and seek to establish a sense of self, and may experiment with different roles, activities, and behaviors.
Erik Erikson's Theory of Personality Free Essay Example
The final stage of psychosocial development is marked by a confrontation with a choice between ego integrity and despair. Erikson believe that learning to control one's bodily functions leads to a feeling of control and a sense of independence. Thus, late life is characterized by both integrity and despair as alternating states that need to be balanced. . A person is either making progress in his career or treading lightly in his career and unsure if this is what he wants to do for the rest of his working life.
During the initiative versus guilt stage, children assert themselves more frequently through directing play and other social interaction. The child will often overstep the mark in his forcefulness, and the danger is that the parents will tend to punish the child and restrict his initiatives too much. As a result, some critics regard his work as the most considerable new direction to be taken by psychoanalytic theory since its initiation. The phrase "identity crisis" was first used by Erikson, who saw this as one of the most significant conflicts people go through as they mature. We may respond to the crisis in one of the two ways: a maladaptive negative way or an adaptive positive way.