Dynamics of faith sparknotes Rating:
Diktat is a German word that means "dictation" or "dictatorship." It is often used to refer to the harsh terms imposed on a defeated country by the victors in a war. In the context of Germany, the term diktat is most commonly associated with the Treaty of Versailles, which was signed at the end of World War I in 1919.
The Treaty of Versailles was a peace treaty between the Allied Powers (led by France, the United Kingdom, and the United States) and Germany. It was meant to bring an end to the war and to establish the terms under which the defeated Germany would be forced to pay reparations to the Allied Powers. The treaty also imposed severe limitations on Germany's military and territorial expansion.
Many Germans viewed the Treaty of Versailles as a diktat, or dictate, because they felt that the terms were imposed on them by the victorious Allies without any input from the German government or people. The treaty was seen as extremely harsh and punitive, and many Germans felt that their country had been humiliated and treated unfairly.
The resentment and anger that many Germans felt towards the Treaty of Versailles played a significant role in the rise of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party in the 1920s and 1930s. Hitler and the Nazis promised to restore Germany's honor and power, and they used the treaty as a rallying cry to mobilize support for their cause. Hitler came to power in 1933, and he quickly set about tearing up the Treaty of Versailles and rebuilding the German military. This ultimately led to World War II, which ended with the defeat of Germany and the imposition of another set of harsh terms in the form of the Potsdam Agreement.
In conclusion, the term diktat is closely associated with the Treaty of Versailles and its impact on Germany following World War I. Many Germans saw the treaty as a dictate imposed on them by the victorious Allies, and the resentment and anger that it generated played a significant role in the rise of the Nazi Party and the outbreak of World War II.
Tillich's Dynamics of Faith
But faith is the state of ultimate concern. While Freud certainly brought new ideas and expressions to the field of Words: 1915 Length: 6 Pages Topic: Mythology - Religion Paper : 26895640 The concern is immediate gratification and the result of one's actions right here, right now. As Tillich states: "The distinction between the truth of faith and the truth of science leads to a warning, directed to theologians, not to use Words: 1056 Length: 3 Pages Topic: Literature Paper : 13384603 "All Quiet on the Western Front" has always been seen as an anti-war novel, but it is also a treatise on the callousness of the modern world. Moral type of faith is characterized by the idea of the law. We all participate of it.
His thinking is deep yet easy to understand, clear but eloquent Tillich's modern classic, which I read as research for a contemporary theology class I teach. Even monotheism falls under criticism. Tillich uses a larger concept of the word courage rather than the dictionary definition. Faith is ingrained with various tensions. Faith is the most centered act of the human mind. We can see it from the story of Jacob and Esau. Those who need assistance should be seeing the hands that can give instead of being left to their device.
Therefore without the community there are no symbols of faith in which to represent that which is ultimate. Faith is not purely emotional. A belief can be varied. But for the time being, please enjoy this excellent existentialist book on faith and intellectually healthy spirituality. I think the life of Christ, particularly his resurrection, is demonstrably historical. The final characteristic of a symbol is the fact that the symbols cannot be invented.
He states that symbols have many characteristics. It is not merely an intellectual assent to certain beliefs as was the scholastic distortion and it is not volintaristic as was the Protestant distortion. The individual expresses their faith through the community. This cannot be considered faith though simply because although we trust the authorities, it is never unconditional. When saying this I always expect the question: Only a symbol? For all that I complain, though, I genuinely enjoyed his discussion of symbolism and the inextricable role it plays in the way man views the world. Definitely one of the best theological books I've read. I particularly enjoyed his thoughts on the distinction between scientific truth and faith, how neither can truly satisfy the questions of the other.
Tillich explains faith in the first chapter of the book. The relationship between faith and philosophy, in the traditional sense, is more complicated because they both deal with ultimate reality but faith uses symbols and philosophy uses concepts. Myths Mythology is defined two ways: a collection of myths, especially one belonging to a particular religious or cultural tradition Oxford Dictionary and as the study of myths Oxford Dictionary. If it the object of faith claims ultimacy it demands the total surrender of him who accepts this claim, and it promises total fulfillment even if all others have claim to be subjected to it or rejected in its name" Tillich, 1. Because of its grasping power, this doesn't mean that you will go through the book rapidly.
Careful reading and re-reading if necessary, is here demanded. I think the life of Christ, particularly his resurrection, is demonstrably historical. It is a finite act with the limitations of the finite act. A belief is based upon evidence that is sufficient enough to add a high degree of probability. The fundamental symbol of our ultimate concern is God. Finally, he states that faith always excises in community with others and that the community's faith and symbols are expressed in the indivudual.
I found very interesting his idea that, when one is confronted with the limitations of one's symbols in other words, when one is confronted with a situation where the symbolism and abstraction one uses to understand the universe are shown to not match with some part of reality , one has only two options: to find new symbols or to simply not interact with that part of the world. Paul Tillich minces no words. They are dimensions of mans being, always within each other; for man is a unity and not composed of parts. The final characteristic of a symbol is the fact that the symbols cannot be invented. And this is the character of dynamics. The second component of faith is that it is supposed to be at the center of all of our personal lives and everything that we do throughout our own individual lives. Symbols reveal a reality that can not be understood without them and also reveal a before hidden, corresponding area of our soul.
With proper discernment and awareness of its shortcomings, the book is a wealth of insight and comes highly recommended. I particularly enjoyed his thoughts on Faith is what pushes a person passionately forward, seeking to be joined with what is just beyond. Today most of them are in mutual contact and show an attitude of tolerance towards each other. Tillich believes that the symbols are united in myths. The community of faith constitutes itself through ritual symbol and interprets itself in mythical symbols. When the situation calls for them, they grow.