DSM-IV-TR (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision) is a classification system for mental disorders published by the American Psychiatric Association (APA). DSM-IV-TR is used by mental health professionals, including psychiatrists, psychologists, and social workers, to diagnose mental disorders and to guide treatment planning.
DSM-IV-TR divides mental disorders into several categories, including anxiety disorders, mood disorders, psychotic disorders, and personality disorders. Within these categories, there are specific diagnoses for individual disorders.
DSM-304.80 refers to the category of "Disorders Usually First Diagnosed in Infancy, Childhood, or Adolescence." This category includes a range of developmental disorders that are typically diagnosed in childhood or adolescence, such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), and conduct disorder (CD).
ADHD is a common developmental disorder that affects attention, impulse control, and hyperactivity. Children with ADHD may have difficulty paying attention, following instructions, and completing tasks. They may also have difficulty controlling their impulses and may be overly active. ODD is a disorder characterized by defiant and oppositional behavior towards authority figures. Children with ODD may frequently argue with adults, refuse to follow rules, and engage in angry outbursts. CD is a disorder marked by aggressive and destructive behavior towards people and property. Children with CD may engage in physical fights, damage property, and steal.
It is important to note that these disorders are not just normal childhood behaviors. Children with developmental disorders often experience significant difficulty in school and social situations, and may benefit from treatment such as medication and therapy. Early diagnosis and treatment can help children with developmental disorders achieve their full potential and lead successful, productive lives.