Dowry system in india. Dowry system in India: 19 women die everyday, Why it is not ending? 2022-10-25
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The dowry system in India refers to the practice of giving and receiving a dowry at the time of a wedding. A dowry is a transfer of money, goods, or property from the bride's family to the groom or his family, and is often considered a necessity for a successful marriage. The dowry system is deeply rooted in Indian culture and is prevalent in many parts of the country, particularly in rural areas.
Historically, the dowry system was intended to provide financial security for the bride and her family in the event of the husband's death or divorce. It was also seen as a way for the bride's family to demonstrate their wealth and status. However, over time, the dowry system has become an entrenched and controversial tradition that has been criticized for its negative impact on women and for promoting gender inequality.
One of the major criticisms of the dowry system is that it places a financial burden on the bride's family, often leading to debt and financial hardship. The cost of a dowry can be significant, and families may go into debt or sell valuable assets in order to pay for it. This can be particularly problematic in situations where the bride's family is already economically disadvantaged.
In addition to the financial burden, the dowry system can also lead to discrimination and abuse of women. There have been numerous reports of dowry-related violence and abuse, including physical and emotional abuse, as well as dowry deaths, where women are killed or driven to suicide due to the pressure to provide a dowry. The dowry system can also create a sense of entitlement in the groom and his family, leading to the expectation that the bride will provide a dowry as a condition of marriage.
The dowry system has been illegal in India since 1961, but it continues to be a widespread and deeply ingrained practice. Efforts to combat the dowry system have included public awareness campaigns and legislation, such as the Dowry Prohibition Act, which makes it illegal to demand or give a dowry. However, enforcement of these laws has been difficult, and the dowry system remains a significant problem in India.
In conclusion, the dowry system in India is a controversial and harmful tradition that has had negative impacts on women and families. While it may have had some original intentions, it has become a source of financial burden, discrimination, and abuse, and efforts to eliminate it are necessary to promote gender equality and protect the rights of women in India.
The Origin of Dowry System
This gave the required financial independence to women who would even manage the income from their agricultural land , etc. Dowry is a gift, a dan. To eradicate this evil, we need to learn and educate others about the ill-effects of it and it can be achieved by providing equal rights to both genders. The Indian Penal Code specifies anti-dowry law in its definitions of dowry deaths Section 304B and inhumanity or physical violence for dowry demands Section 498A. However, owing to the social nature of this problem, the legislation has failed to produce the desired results in our society. It is important or all of us to emphasize on educating the girls in order to fight widespread social evils like dowry. This in turn leads to peculiar practices like polyandry and an increase in violence against women.
This view evolves into gigantic proportions taking the shape of infanticides and feticides of girl child. Despite this, the practice of dowry is widespread. It is important to note that death will only be taken into account as a dowry death if it occurs within seven years of marriage. We lose the consistent workforce at the hands of a social evil and hamper the growth of our own home and the society. You can connect with Ground Report on For suggestions and writeupsmail us at.
Dowry System in India: Problems, Social Dimensions and Other Details
Overhaul of mindsets —India as a country requires major overhaul of its existing mindsets in order to push back against the iniquitous custom of dowry. And what gets revealed after all this path breaking research and analysis, gives a huge blow to the very theory of Dowry being directly responsible for the status of women in the Indian society and goes on to prove how a system meant to actually benefit the married woman got converted during the British Rule into a system which ended up harming the very woman who was supposed to benefit from it. These shockingly high numbers clearly reflect the continuous increase in dowry related crimes and deaths in India. The Journal of Developing Areas. Despite the widespread awareness of the negative consequences of dowry and the problems cause by it, it is still seen as a way of buying happiness for the bride Stone and James, 1995.
The Actual History of Dowry System in India : Why did such an evil
Making demands of dowry is punishable by a minimum imprisonment of 5 years and a minimum fine of 15,000 rupees. IT WAS ONLY as recently as in 2005, when the Hindu laws were amended again, now providing women equal status with men in terms of ancestral property. Education and self-dependence of women — education is not just required to find your vocation in life, it is essential to gain eyes and ears to a world beyond the one you can immediately see. In India, the marital custom of dowry is widely spread. Preferred matches have to belong to the same caste, different clan and same or higher social standings. What is the punishment for dowry? Researchers studied 40,000 marriages that took place in rural India from 1960 to 2008. The modern definition of the Dowry System in India is as follows.
These people live hand to mouth. This suggests that an increase in the number of women in the marriage market relative to the number of men causes dowries to rise. Social Awareness — creating a widespread awareness against the evils of the dowry system is key first step towards eradicating the practice. However, owing to the male dominated setup in our society, they suffer both physically and mentally. Remember the movie Lagaan? The rules of marriage, namely, caste endogamy and clan exogamy, and anuloma hypergamy and pratiloma hypogamy , have been misinterpreted and misused for maintaining the dowry system.
Under this act ,dowry includes property, money or goods given by either party to marriage, by parents of either party or by anyone who is connected to the marriage. Indian Laws in this regard The government was obliged to act in the 20th century as the dowry system began to rise, enacting the Anti-Dowry Act in 1961, which made the giving and receiving of dowries illegal. The Roots of Dowry. There can be no solution without the victim refusing to be victimized. There is a vast difference between streedhan and dowry.
It has evolved into an unspoken demand that is now used as a negotiation tactic when arranging marriages. If any person demands, directly or indirectly, from the parents or other relatives or guardian of a bride or bridegroom, as the case may be, any dowry, he shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall not be less than six months, but which may extend to two years and with fine which may extend to ten. Retrieved 2 September 2022. The man gives only a present to the wife, as he thinks fit, and a marriage gift in advance, which he has no right to claim back, but the proposed wife may give it back to him of her own will if she does not want to marry. They are regarded incompetent for roles other than housework and are often discouraged from taking up jobs. This is called kanyadan.
Dowry system in India: 19 women die everyday, Why it is not ending?
The giving of gifts and help to a daughter was quite a normal activity in ancient India. Inter-caste marriages should be encouraged. The Rajput princes, thikanedars and jagirdars gave away gifts to their daughters at the time of marriage with a view to exhibit their prosperity and superior status. If the wife isn't ready to provide all, which her husband and in laws demand, her life within the groom's house become miserable. Delhi: Universal Law Pub. Forcible suppression of sex urge may make them to become irritable, frustrated disgusted and pessimistic.