Descartes vs spinoza. Spinoza’s Criticism of Descartes’ Substance Dualism Essay Example 2022-11-08

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René Descartes and Baruch Spinoza were two influential philosophers who lived in the 17th century. Both men made significant contributions to the field of philosophy and are known for their unique approaches to understanding the world.

Descartes is perhaps most famous for his philosophical method of doubt, which he used to systematically question all of his beliefs in an effort to arrive at certain knowledge. He is also known for his concept of mind-body dualism, which posits that the mind and body are separate entities that interact with each other.

Spinoza, on the other hand, was a pantheist who believed that God and nature were one and the same. He rejected the idea of a personal God and instead saw the universe as a single, interconnected whole.

One major difference between the two philosophers is their approach to understanding reality. Descartes believed that the only way to arrive at certain knowledge was through the use of reason, while Spinoza believed that reason alone was not sufficient and that we must also rely on our senses and emotions.

Another key difference between Descartes and Spinoza is their views on the nature of God. Descartes believed in the existence of a personal God who was separate from the natural world, while Spinoza saw God as an impersonal force that was manifested in the natural world.

Despite these differences, both philosophers made significant contributions to the field of philosophy and continue to be studied and debated to this day. Descartes' method of doubt has had a lasting impact on the way we think about knowledge, while Spinoza's pantheistic worldview has influenced the way we think about the relationship between God and nature.

(PDF) Descartes vs. Spinoza on Relationship between Mind & Body

descartes vs spinoza

Spinoza uses Cartesian ideas in some areas but criticizes him in other areas. Or do they choose to believe different things about a world we perceive with equal clarity? Although this difference is indeed important the most significant difference lies within the logical structure and foundation of each argument. At a minimum, this includes: stating the problem being addressed; stating the thesis; stating how the thesis contributes to the problem; outlining some alternative answers to the same problem; saying something about why the stated thesis is preferable to the alternatives; anticipating some objections to the stated thesis and giving responses to them. Accordingly there is a lesser distinction between this mode and its subject than there is between two things. However, in order to determine the reference of each subject a precise pedigree of Cartesian and Spinozan thought is necessary.

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Spinoza vs. Descartes Discussion : philosophy

descartes vs spinoza

An lastly 4 Therefore God exists. If one is to carefully trace each discovery back to its point of reference one would conclude that the existence of God draws its reference from the existence of innate ideas which in turn draw their reference from the experience of the phenomenon of thought. As Schmaltz details, Su√°rez draws on innovations in Scotus and Fonseca to develop an intermediate modal distinction, which holds ex natura rei, not between two res, but between a res and its mode or between two modes of one res. A section on Descartes has a chapter comparing him to Su√°rez and one defending his pluralism about bodies, which Bayle claims Spinoza inherits. Truth value, is determined via the criteria of sense and reference. I wonder if Schmaltz would be OK with that takeaway. This is just a basic comparison that describes their major differences.


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The Metaphysics of the Material World: Su√°rez, Descartes, Spinoza

descartes vs spinoza

If the linked material requires signing up to view, even if the account is free, it is not allowed. There have been many people that have attempted, and failed, to illuminate how the human mind functions. Therefore, Spinoza's proposition for the existence of God, albeit meaningless, is still an outstanding artistic accomplishment. The second comes from the union of different modes. But in my point of view, there is a break in his chain. Up to this part the both philosophers agree, but when Descartes suggests that body, being a material thing, is divisible while mind or soul that is non-spatial, is not, Spinoza gets objects.

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Spinoza Vs Descartes Essay

descartes vs spinoza

. There cannot be more or less of an infinite substance as it is limitless, complete, and whole and thus internally and externally unhindered. My View ‚ÄĒ If freedom of choice is an illusion and everything is already set to happen before it occurs‚Ķthen why are we making choices in the first place? And as a result, McCloskey believes one could not legitimately argue that there was an all-powerful designer, and if there was a designer he would most likely be a malevolent imperfect planner because of all the ugliness and evil in the world. Regardless of whether or not we think God actually exists we cannot deny that an idea of God is indeed within our mind. In an argument built on St. He believed the knowledge we perceive of external objects through senses is susceptible to doubt.

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Spinoza’s Criticism of Descartes’ Substance Dualism Essay Example

descartes vs spinoza

Wherefore, in order to establish that God is perfect, we should be reduced to establishing at the same time, that he cannot bring to pass everything over which his power extends; this seems to be an hypothesis most absurd, and most repugnant to God's omnipotence. Spinoza's God is the substance by which all modes are an extension of. Up to his point in time most people believed in a transcendent God, this meant that they believed in a personal God that was all loving, caring and would not deceive us human beings. Some people can abstain, but we know that many will not, so there will be a decision. Comments that solely express musings, opinions, beliefs, or assertions without argument may be removed. Frege 210 Thus, the reference is that knowable and concrete object from which the subject draws its credit.

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Spinoza Vs Descartes

descartes vs spinoza

Descartes then goes on to say that he can conceive of himself existing solely as a thinking being, with the absence of his body. Descartes argues that God only allows us to perceive that which exists, otherwise he would be known to be deceitful. Descartes divided the mind up into two faculties: intellect and will. Within this work Descartes suggests a causal argument for the existence of a supreme being. . Formal reality refers to existence within this world. In Philosophy, these arguments involve primarily the disciplines of Epistemology and Ontology and can be categorized as metaphysical, logical, empirical, or subjective.


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Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz: Rational Arguments for God

descartes vs spinoza

The only substance the human mind can make reference to is that which is finite and graspable as this is what we are in contact with. Both philosophers have implemented an orderly way to construct their arguments as a way to seek the perfect, whole truth. Our inclination to believe in the world is so strong that if the world did not exist, God would be deceitful; therefore, the world exists. Ideas such as security, peace, direction, order, separating good and evil, questions to our existence, comfort, space, answers to questions no one has. According to Descartes, all that we believe to be true is ultimately subject to doubt as it is provided via the senses which are commonly deceived. Since Descartes' proposed existence of God contains both sense and reference it is indeed capable of saying something meaningful about the world because it both refers to something knowable and expresses something about it.

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Descartes vs. Spinoza, Sample of Essays

descartes vs spinoza

A proposition doesn't have to say anything of value to be beautiful and artistic. I disagree a lot with both of the two but my mind has a greater understanding of Descartes perspective. There is a difference between nature and God. Approximately one to three million abortions are done each year. Descartes understands that he is the author of his own thoughts and he has awareness of his ideas. This quote portrays that God is deducing something to be morally right based on something else, apart from himself.

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Spinoza vs Descartes on God

descartes vs spinoza

Spinoza 85 This differs slightly from Cartesian philosophy in that for Descartes existence is an omni-generic attribute and therefore does not contribute to the essence of a substance. Body can be reduced to physicalism, but mind is non-physical. Of course; you might be dreaming. That is, God the infinite substance would be limited in power by finite substance. If the world is an attribute of God, to understand the world is to understand God. Another way of saying these ideas is thought itself or what the mind is thinking about.


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