Demerits of population. How serious is our declining population growth problem? 2022-10-30
Demerits of population Rating:
The increasing population of the world is a cause for concern for many people. While a growing population can bring economic and social benefits, it also has its drawbacks. Here are some of the main demerits of population growth:
Environmental impact: A growing population puts pressure on natural resources such as water, land, and food. It also leads to increased pollution and greenhouse gas emissions, which contribute to climate change.
Limited resources: As the population increases, there is less available land and natural resources to go around. This can lead to resource scarcity and competition for resources, which can lead to conflict.
Overcrowding: A growing population can lead to overcrowding in cities and urban areas, which can lead to problems such as traffic congestion, housing shortages, and a lack of public services.
Social issues: A growing population can also lead to social issues such as unemployment, poverty, and crime. These issues can be exacerbated if the population growth is not accompanied by economic development and job creation.
Health risks: A growing population can also lead to health risks, particularly in areas with poor sanitation and inadequate healthcare infrastructure. This can lead to the spread of diseases such as malaria, cholera, and Ebola.
In conclusion, while population growth can bring economic and social benefits, it also has its drawbacks. It is important for governments and policy makers to consider the negative impacts of population growth and work to address them through sustainable development and resource management.
12 Main Consequences of Population Growth
There is little or no economic growth in low density areas: There are various ways that an increase in population will lead to increased economic growth: a. With 10 billion minds on the planet actively trying to find solutions to the problems we face, there are some great things that could be achieved. However, under population can lead to underutilisation of resources and low level of production due to shortage of labour. Pressure of Population on Land 2. Therefore, rapid population growth retards investment needed for higher future consumption.
It leads to congestion and moreover to reduction in land available for farming as well as for building houses, factories, hospitals, shopping centres, educational institutions, roads and railway tracks etc. Increased economic growth: With more people able to generate more things, population increase will contribute to economic growth. They will often involve themselves in crimes such as robbery, drug trafficking and other crime related activities. Additionally, a population increase may stimulate technological advancement that would enable the production of more sophisticated military products. Negative Environmental Impact: Rapid population growth has resulted in environmental change. Thus, we can conclude that labour force increases with the increase in population. This hundreds of thousands of people then buy cars and enter puplic transportation in order to get from their homes to their places of destination.
A large percentage of children in the labour force is a heavy burden on the economy. Large Population creates the Problem of Unemployment: A fast growth in population means a large number of persons coming to the labour market for whom it may not be possible to provide employment. As a result, food shortages are common in developing countries with quickly growing populations. Vast areas of cities have grown into slums and scatter settlements. Thus rapid population growth has been leading to environmental degradation on a large scale in India.
4 Advantages and Disadvantages of a Low Population
It may create scarce resources. The remedy of this problem lies in checking the growing population. Such persons are a drag on the economic development of the country. With rapidly rising population, agricultural holdings become smaller and unremunerative to cultivate. Brancaccio: Still, back to the basic trend here, I mean, people not having as many children as they had before, some of them worried about the future, worried about climate change, some of them worried about the healthcare they might need to raise a family.
Advantages And Disadvantages Of a Large Population
Food shortage has two implications for economic development. They are unable to feed their rising population despite all of their attempts to increase agricultural productivity. At the beginning of the First Plan there were 3. Depletion of fresh water resources is the other disadvantage of overpopulation. The per capita net availability was 33.
Due to the paucity of financial resources, India has not been able to provide these basic services to its people adequately due to a large increase in population. Indeed, in developing nations, the number of job seekers is growing at such a rapid rate that, despite all efforts toward planned growth, it is impossible to employ everyone. This has created problem for developing the cattle resources of the country. Unproductive consumers are those who are not employed but they do consume. Governments must promote responsible parenthood and limit subsidies to the first two children unless the family is living in poverty. In other words, demographics is economic destiny.
They are supported by their families. These lead to loss of biodiversity, air and water pollution and increased pressure on land. Thus the effect of population growth is to lower the per capita income. Investment: Faster population growth makes the choice more scarce between higher consumption now and the investment needed to bring higher consumption in the future. Consequently, their costs and prices rise which raise the cost of living of the masses. There will be increase in the number of business: The number one thing business people and hardcore capitalists look for in an area before employing people is the number of people that they can employ.
What are the advantages/disadvantages of a high population density?
Its major sources are discharge of domestic sewage and industrial effluents. This may force the state to curtail the importation of capital goods which will adversely affect economic development of the country. Road congestion can also mean an excess of traffic. This high burden of dependency reduces the capacity of people to save. Population may be considered positive hindrance in the way of economic development of a country.
How serious is our declining population growth problem?
Population growth has both advantages and disadvantages. Population demographics is the act of collecting the relevant data that will be used to study the population of an area. Just to give you one example, about half a century ago, there were some five workers for every retiree. Economies of Scale: Economies of scale have allowed agriculture and industry to profit from population increase, allowing food and industrial production to rise even faster than the population. During the demographic transitional phase, the birth rate is high and the death rate has declined and due to which the larger percentage of total population is in lower age group of 1-15 years, which is small labour force implies that comparatively there are few persons to participate in productive employment.
More employees are necessary throughout this procedure; thus, they can be needed today even if they weren't previously required for certain talents. Emergency services are required when there is an accident or another natural disaster. As population increases, per capita available income declines. If we assume 50 years as the average life expectancy in an underdeveloped country, the labour force is in effect the number of people in the age group of 15-50 years. This has been due to sub-division and fragmentation of holdings with the increase in the number of family members. According to the World Development Report, 1999-2000, the public expenditure on education in India was only 3. Those in less populated areas like Enugu were still able to get their goods and services as at when due.