Define political development. Political Development: Conceptual Explanation 2022-10-24
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Political development refers to the process by which a society or country progresses towards a more advanced, modern, and democratic form of government. It involves the evolution of political institutions, processes, and practices that shape the way a state is governed and the relationships between the state and its citizens.
Political development can take many different forms, depending on the specific context and history of a particular society. In some cases, it may involve the establishment of a new democratic system after a period of authoritarian rule, such as in the case of post-communist countries in Eastern Europe. In other cases, it may involve the strengthening of existing democratic institutions, such as through the adoption of constitutional amendments or the implementation of electoral reforms.
Political development is often closely tied to economic development, as economic growth can create the conditions necessary for political change. For example, as countries become wealthier and more industrialized, they may be more likely to experience political reforms that increase the representation and participation of citizens in the political process.
Political development is not a linear process, and it can be influenced by a variety of factors, including economic conditions, cultural values, historical legacies, and external pressures. It is also shaped by the actions and choices of individuals and groups within society, as well as by the broader forces of globalization and international relations.
Overall, political development is a complex and multifaceted process that plays a critical role in shaping the way societies are governed and the relationships between states and their citizens. It is a dynamic process that can lead to greater democracy, stability, and prosperity for societies around the world.
American political development
Consequently, the concept of political development needs to be intertwined with the problems of economic backwardness and dependency. All this places limits on how far political development can be imported or imposed from without. In the post WWII, United State was concerned how to shape the future of the newly independent states in ways that would ensure that they would not be drawn into the communist Soviet bloc. Normative theorists stress that a political system develops as it approaches the good political order. One formulation dwells on the emergence of national sovereignty and the integrity of the state, demanding respect and upholding commitments in the international system. The European immigrant who arrived in the United States lost and isolated in a huge and different world might find work and lodging in return for commitment to the party.
Soon a behavioral approach towards government surfaced which focused on electoral patterns and voting behavior Theodore Rosenhof, 1. Critics of India's development experience, such as the recent anti—Narmada Dam movement, also evoke Gandhian ideas. Moreover, many political parties in less-developed countries are partly political, partly military. Nehru saw planning in terms of its national scope, where central institutions of power would rationally direct development in the right way. The centerpiece of the regulatory state came to be identified with the licensing system—the so called "license-quota-permit raj"—that set up licensing regulations to direct the flow of industrial investments to desired locations and sectors and with the desired mix of product and technology. For example, there is a debate over sequencing, that is to say over whether the rule of law and some amount of associational life must exist before movement towards liberal democracy becomes truly possible.
American Political Development: Department of Political Science
Such problems can be better addressed; its national viability becomes an important variable of political development. In any case, political development revolves around the relationships between political culture, the authoritative structures, and the general political process. APD scholars at Northwestern tackle such questions through a wide variety of approaches and methods, including quantitative, qualitative, comparative, and historical methods. Modernizing Oligarchy ADVERTISEMENTS: Secondly, Industrialization. His contention is that there should be balance between equality and capacity.
Class, Capitalism, and Development In its early years of India's development, private business, it was believed, would serve a subordinate, although important role. Arguably, no area has been as thoroughly researched and debated in comparative politics as the relationship between economic development and political development, specifically democratisation. He further concluded, of these four, only mobilisation and participation are measurable and applicable to developing world. Retrieved April 13, 2017. A more original structure was developed after the Civil War—in the South to The degeneration of the party mechanism was not without benefits. Verma has listed five categories of Shils stages of political development: L Political Democracy 2.
Pye has vividly examined diversity in the explanation of the concept of political development. The state of over 100 million people…. Linkages between economic progress and political development are much debated. Like them, the U. However, the term is still in the process of evolution and there is hardly any unanimity among the scholars on the constituent of political development. Development approaches to the study of politics, precisely because they focus on movement through time, seem uniquely positioned to illuminate the logic and experience of the polity in a manner that cannot be captured by more conventional political science methods. Problems pertaining to differentiation strike at the performance of the non-authoritative structures and the general political process in the society at large.
Vishveshvarayya, the diwan of Karnataka, and Sardar Patel, a leader in Gujarat, represented diverse views on development. India's developmental trajectory has evolved simultaneously with the state and the Before India's independence, developmental choices were crucially shaped by Mahatma Gandhi, who put his stamp of village democracy on India's developmental thinking so indelibly that, even after the ascendance of Nehruvian thinking, Indian politicians still evoke some of those ideas in their defense of local governance institutions such as panchayat raj. Both Almond and Powell reiterate that political development shows the formation of new capabilities, with specialised role-structure and differentiated orientation which enables the political system to deal with new challenges. In using this approach, many academics recognized an alarming amount of movements and change across the state; resulting in a dynamic, rather than a stagnant, political network. Most observers believe that India's chaotic democracy, with multiple social groups, prevents the movement toward developmental politics. According to him, these various interpretations share some broad characteristics, which can provide the basis of agreement. Ronald Herring notes that unlike the Latin American states, India was prudent in its international debt management before the 1980s, and the cycle of high inflation and high growth rates escaped its citizens 1999.
It must be able to command resources from and power over wide spheres and regions of the society. It was not clear, however, how that strategy would fit with the emphasis on large-scale industrialization that was so prominent at the time. Faculty members active in American political development include:. The operations of a nation-state; 5. That a definition of this sort is desirable may not be self-evident. Democracy and Discontent: India's Crisis of Governability.
Rajiv Gandhi, together with his group of technocrats such as Sam Pitroda, played a crucial role in laying the conditions for India's engagement with more current technologies and more generally with globalization. Riggs also concurs with him and observes that political development opens a number of choices to satisfy political goals. Indian democracy arose in an agrarian colonial country, where poverty was endemic and capitalist development was nascent. These distributive coalitions received subsidies, concessions, and benefits in return for their political support. Such inconsistency is partly on account of inter-disciplinary focus and partly a manifestation of ethnocentric bases. .