Cultural relativism vs ethnocentrism. Culture Shock: Ethnocentrism And Cultural Relativism (essay) 2022-10-16
Cultural relativism vs ethnocentrism
Cultural relativism and ethnocentrism are two opposing concepts that pertain to the way in which individuals perceive and evaluate the cultural practices and beliefs of others. Cultural relativism is the idea that the beliefs, values, and practices of a culture should be understood and evaluated within their own context, rather than in comparison to the standards of another culture. In contrast, ethnocentrism is the tendency to view one's own culture as superior to others and to judge other cultures based on the standards of one's own culture.
Advocates of cultural relativism argue that all cultures are equally valid and that it is important to understand and respect the cultural practices of others, even if they differ from our own. This view is based on the idea that culture is a complex system of beliefs, values, and practices that are shaped by a variety of factors, including history, geography, and social and economic conditions. As such, it is important to consider the specific context in which a culture has developed, rather than making judgments based on our own cultural biases.
One of the main arguments in favor of cultural relativism is that it promotes tolerance and understanding between different cultural groups. By recognizing and respecting the cultural practices of others, we can learn to appreciate the diversity of human experience and the different ways in which people live and think. This can help to foster a sense of mutual understanding and cooperation between different cultural groups and can ultimately contribute to a more peaceful and harmonious society.
However, some critics of cultural relativism argue that it can be used to justify harmful or oppressive cultural practices. For example, cultural relativism could be used to defend female genital mutilation or honor killings, which are practices that are widely considered to be human rights violations. In these cases, cultural relativism may be used to justify these practices on the grounds that they are part of a culture's tradition, even though they may be harmful or oppressive.
Ethnocentrism, on the other hand, is the belief that one's own culture is superior to others and that the practices and beliefs of other cultures should be judged based on the standards of one's own culture. Ethnocentrism can lead to a narrow-minded and judgmental attitude towards other cultures and can contribute to misunderstandings and conflicts between different cultural groups.
Despite the potential drawbacks of cultural relativism, it is generally considered to be a more useful and ethical approach to understanding other cultures. By recognizing and respecting the cultural practices of others, we can learn to appreciate the diversity of human experience and can ultimately contribute to a more peaceful and harmonious society. In contrast, ethnocentrism tends to lead to misunderstandings and conflicts between different cultural groups and can contribute to a narrow-minded and judgmental attitude towards others.
What is the Difference Between Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativism
Moreover, he supported and sent weapon and ammunitions to Sayyid Mohamed Abdulle Hassan, aka Mad Mullah who announced 20 years fight against the British administration in the Northern Somali territory British-Somaliland. The Amhara dominated ENDF along with Eritrean troops invaded Tigray where colossal of human rights violations have taken place. In order to avoid conflict over culture practices and beliefs, we must all try to be more culturally relative. Tekle has deported Gallas Oromo from other regions in Ethiopia and brought in the Somali region to cultivate the pasture lands of North-east of Jigjiga. An example of this would be throughout the countries of Asia: Asian cultures solely eat with chopsticks and may find it excessive that people in other countries eat with multiple different utensils.
Ethiopia’s Conflicts: Ethnocentrism Vs Cultural Relativism
It is a concept that cultural norms and values derive their meaning within a specific social context. The freedom of the independent media was very narrow. Some people view this practice disrespectful to the body of the deceased person. He refers to his own parents, who had what he claims to be a "normal" marriage where people choose one other, as an example of what marriage should look like. Some people will simply call it cultural ignorance.
Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativism
Ethnocentrism can be Extreme ethnocentrism can breed racism, hate crimes, and even wars. This lesson will discuss the differences between ethnocentrism and cultural relativism and how these worldviews are discussed and looked upon. Ethnocentrism revolves around the idea that one's culture is superior to others with regard to behavior, attitudes, or cultural practices that are deemed "normal" in comparison to other cultures. Ethiopia comprises ten regional states, nine out of ten accept the current federal system, while only Amhara region rejects. Throughout my research I came across many different practices that should be condemned.
Difference Between Cultural Relativism and Ethnocentrism
Another limit of cultural relativism is cannibalism. Ethnocentrists will believe their culture to hold "normal" standards when it comes to what they believe, what they practice, and the attitudes they hold about specific subject matters. We pay little attention to them, as they have been ingrained into our society and is apart of our everyday lives. This ethnocentric perception of marriage fails to understand the varied cultural contexts and requirements of the individuals within any given marriage pattern. That leads to using one's own culture as the standard and the other cultures should look upon it as the norm regarding behavior, attitudes, and cultural practices. Cultural relativism resulted in rejection of the comparative school of the nineteenth century due to exact and specific ethnological information. These are simply two different ways of understanding the meaning of holding hands.
Ethnocentrism vs. Cultural Relativism
Ethnocentrism may not, in some circumstances, be avoidable. Using the perspective of cultural relativism leads to the view that no one culture is superior than another culture when compared to systems of morality, law, politics, etc. Cultural Anthropology: A Perspective on the Human Condition, Sixth Edition, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2005. Another language people share is English. At its most extreme, cultural relativism leaves no room for criticism of other cultures, even if certain cultural practices are horrific or harmful. A relativist, objective understanding of Sinhalese culture in Sri Lanka provides economic reasons for why a second husband may enter into a pre-existing monogamous marriage, opposed to an ethnocentric rejection of such a practice as superficially repulsive. You can think of a specific culture or you can provide more general questions that get to the heart of cultural relativism.
Cultural Relativism Versus Ethnocentrism Philosophy Essay
Someone who does not take a relativistic view might be tempted to see their own understanding of this behavior as superior and, perhaps, the foreign practice as being immoral. It 's in human nature. In the southern states they speech English with an accent. Although there might be many different established norms, the strongest of these are called taboos which can carry extreme punishments for anyone who violates rules that exclude specific behaviors. Lecturer Somali National University. Tigray rule also pioneered the federal architecture which conglomerated over 80 communities in Ethiopia, so each community can exercise their own language, and should have their own special forces. Way forward In order Ethiopia to survive, I think Abiy should resign sooner rather than later, and hand-over the power to transitional team so that, they can accommodate all the political stakeholders.
Cultural Relativsim vs. Ethnocentrism
Mores come from more of a traditional practice of society rather than a written law. After riding on four-wheelers through the mud I was covered in dirt from head to toe which made me feel super uncomfortable and nasty. Bohannan Get Help With Your Essay If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! One may have an unintentional reaction to another person's cultural practices and beliefs based on the lack of exposure to other cultures. Abiy is an Oromo ethnic, but his mother and his wife are Amharas. Cultural relativism is actually a popular notion in modern society. List Prompt 1: Make a list of as many questions that you can come up with that a cultural relativist might ask when studying a society's culture. D espite the fact that cultural relativism promotes the appreciation for cultural differences, it can also be problematic.
1.8: Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativism
A negative effect of ethnocentrism is when someone just wants to keep judging others for their beliefs or religion not caring how others might feel about his judging, they are egocentric. In 1887, Menelik claimed the Somali region, the then HAUD as part and parcel of Ethiopia. When considering harmful cultural traditions, it can be patronizing to use cultural relativism as an excuse for avoiding debate. Even though in the United States we think of this as an atrocious, there are places that do practice this. The new administration in Ethiopia under Abiy tended shambolic exercise, and the ominous challenges are enormous.
What is ethnocentrism and cultural relativism? Explained by FAQ Blog
During Nazi Germany, Adolf Hitler had harmless, innocent people brutally slaughtered in concentration camps on the soul bases that he simply hated Jews and a few other groups of people. Every culture may speak a different language. The headquarter of Sayyid Mohamed was in Taleh city. These are learned customs that are passed down from generation to generation. What is cultural relativism essay? What is the difference between ethnocentrism and cultural relativism essay? Is ethnocentrism a good or bad cultural practice Why? Subjectivity in cross-cultural observation stems from our culturally conditioned value-laden assumptions regarding that which is culturally acceptable. Places like Somalia and Djibouti out of Africa, and some religion of Islam. The radical implication of cultural relativism is that every cultural practice or belief requires an attempt to understand it from a sympathetic perspective, no matter how abhorrent the practice may seem.
Culture Shock: Ethnocentrism And Cultural Relativism (essay)
At the society levels, ethnocentrism deters the interaction among people of different cultures, ethnic groups, gender and age. What is ethnocentrism and cultural relativism essay? Once again just like female circumcision just because one culture thinks this is wrong does not mean that another culture does. For instance, a cultural relativist may not perceive animal sacrifice as animal cruelty, or may be unable to understand the detrimental effects of a culture denying girls the rights to higher education might be. Anthropologist comes from one of the two different concepts, ethnocentrism or cultural relativism. Ethnocentrism is generally seen as a bad thing because it leads to prejudice and hatred of other groups.